How to format your references using the Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feibelman, P.J., 2002. Partial dissociation of water on Ru(0001). Science 295, 99–102.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeConto, R.M., Pollard, D., 2003. Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2. Nature 421, 245–249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chandra, P., Coleman, P., Flint, R., 2013. Hastatic order in the heavy-fermion compound URu2Si2. Nature 493, 621–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nambu, Y., Sugai, M., Gonda, H., Lee, C.-G., Katakai, T., Agata, Y., Yokota, Y., Shimizu, A., 2003. Transcription-coupled events associating with immunoglobulin switch region chromatin. Science 302, 2137–2140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Basener, W.F., 2006. Topology and Its Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Eckert, C., Katsikas, S.K., Pernul, G. (Eds.), 2014. Trust, Privacy, and Security in Digital Business: 11th International Conference, TrustBus 2014, Munich, Germany, September 2-3, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Natsume, K., 2013. Brain-Inspired e-Learning System Using EEG, in: Lee, M., Hirose, A., Hou, Z.-G., Kil, R.M. (Eds.), Neural Information Processing: 20th International Conference, ICONIP 2013, Daegu, Korea, November 3-7, 2013. Proceedings, Part III, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. How To Find An Exoplanet (Part 1) [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Review of Pension and Fringe Benefits for Contractors’ Employees at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center (No. HRD-81-142). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brawley, K., 2010. A nutrition and physical activity curriculum for pregnant women (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. In Afghanistan, On the Road to Boston. New York Times SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feibelman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (DeConto and Pollard, 2003; Feibelman, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DeConto and Pollard, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Nambu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Electromyogr. Kinesiol.
ISSN (print)1050-6411
Clinical Neurology
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

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