How to format your references using the Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundstrom, C.C., 2000. Rapid diffusive infiltration of sodium into partially molten peridotite. Nature 403, 527–530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janssen, C., Marcus, R.A., 2001. Does symmetry drive isotopic anomalies in ozone isotopomer formation? Science 294, 951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansens, A., van Duijn, E., Braakman, I., 2002. Coordinated nonvectorial folding in a newly synthesized multidomain protein. Science 298, 2401–2403.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bangura, A.F., Xu, X., Wakeham, N., Peng, N., Horii, S., Hussey, N.E., 2013. The Wiedemann-Franz law in the putative one-dimensional metallic phase of PrBa₂Cu₄O₈. Sci. Rep. 3, 3261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorronsoro, B., Ruiz, P., Danoy, G., Pigné, Y., Bouvry, P., 2014. Evolutionary Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Matijević, E. (Ed.), 2012. Fine Particles in Medicine and Pharmacy. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ortiz-Arroyo, D., Hussain, D.M.A., 2008. An Information Theory Approach to Identify Sets of Key Players, in: Ortiz-Arroyo, D., Larsen, H.L., Zeng, D.D., Hicks, D., Wagner, G. (Eds.), Intelligence and Security Informatics: First European Conference, EuroISI 2008, Esbjerg, Denmark, December 3-5, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 15–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. What Does It Mean For Researchers, Journalists And The Public When Secrecy Surrounds Science? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Information Technology: FAA Has Many Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but More Oversight of Operational Systems Is Needed (No. GAO-04-822). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Libman, M., 2012. A policy analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen, T., 2015. Open Markets, but Maybe Not Open Minds. New York Times BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lundstrom, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Janssen and Marcus, 2001; Lundstrom, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Janssen and Marcus, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bangura et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Electromyogr. Kinesiol.
ISSN (print)1050-6411
Clinical Neurology
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

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