How to format your references using the Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawaoka, Y., 2012. H5N1: Flu transmission work is urgent. Nature 482, 155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood, B.J., Halliday, A.N., 2005. Cooling of the Earth and core formation after the giant impact. Nature 437, 1345–1348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perryman, S.A.M., Clark, S.J., West, J.S., 2014. Splash dispersal of Phyllosticta citricarpa conidia from infected citrus fruit. Sci. Rep. 4, 6568.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suwa, G., Kono, R.T., Katoh, S., Asfaw, B., Beyene, Y., 2007. A new species of great ape from the late Miocene epoch in Ethiopia. Nature 448, 921–924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beach, G.J., 2013. The U.S. Technology Skills Gap. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mohd Sidek, N.Z., Ali, S.M., Ismail, M. (Eds.), 2016. Proceedings of the ASEAN Entrepreneurship Conference 2014. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Sullivan, E.J., Candy, J.V., 2007. SEQUENTIAL DETECTION ESTIMATION AND NOISE CANCELATION, in: Byrnes, J. (Ed.), Imaging for Detection and Identification, NATO Security through Science Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 97–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Giant Alien-Like “Shrimp” Caught Off Florida Is Identified [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Barriers to Competition in the Airline Industry (No. T-RCED-89-66). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fay, C., 2017. Aposematic Variation and the Evolution of Warning Coloration in Mammals (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. Failure Is an Art Form. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kawaoka, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kawaoka, 2012; Wood and Halliday, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wood and Halliday, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Suwa et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Electromyogr. Kinesiol.
ISSN (print)1050-6411
Clinical Neurology
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

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