How to format your references using the Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saper, C.B., 2006. Biomedicine. Life, the universe, and body temperature. Science 314, 773–774.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milhous, W.K., Weina, P.J., 2010. Plant science. The botanical solution for malaria. Science 327, 279–280.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berg, E., Metlitski, M.A., Sachdev, S., 2012. Sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo of the onset of antiferromagnetism in metals. Science 338, 1606–1609.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pizzari, T., Cornwallis, C.K., Løvlie, H., Jakobsson, S., Birkhead, T.R., 2003. Sophisticated sperm allocation in male fowl. Nature 426, 70–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doldi, L., 2005. Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Olivetti, L., 2008. Diagnostica per immagini dell’apparato urogenitale. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Shakhov, V., Choo, H., 2008. Denial of Sleeping: Performance Analysis and Counteracting Strategy, in: Lee, S., Choo, H., Ha, S., Shin, I.C. (Eds.), Computer-Human Interaction: 8th Asia-Pacific Conference, APCHI 2008 Seoul, Korea, July 6-9, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 40–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Do We Really Need To Do Five Times As Much Exercise As We’ve Been Told? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Scenic Byways: States’ Use of Geometric Design Standards (No. RCED-95-243). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galan, M., 2012. Educational practices to support homeless students (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2005. New Yorkers in Moscow Follow Stanislavsky’s Path. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Saper, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Milhous and Weina, 2010; Saper, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milhous and Weina, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Pizzari et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Electromyogr. Kinesiol.
ISSN (print)1050-6411
Clinical Neurology
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

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