How to format your references using the Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gill, J.L., 2015. ECOLOGY. Learning from Africa’s herbivores. Science 350, 1036–1037.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bernèche, S., Roux, B., 2001. Energetics of ion conduction through the K+ channel. Nature 414, 73–77.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNally, A., Prier, C.K., MacMillan, D.W.C., 2011. Discovery of an α-amino C-H arylation reaction using the strategy of accelerated serendipity. Science 334, 1114–1117.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Apai, D., Pascucci, I., Bouwman, J., Natta, A., Henning, T., Dullemond, C.P., 2005. The onset of planet formation in brown dwarf disks. Science 310, 834–836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derbyshire, E., 2011. Nutrition in the Childbearing Years. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Zhang, L. (Ed.), 2016. Modeling the Injury Flow and Treatment after Major Earthquakes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y., Fang, J.-Q., Liu, Q., 2009. Briefly Review of China High Technology Networks, in: Zhou, J. (Ed.), Complex Sciences: First International Conference, Complex 2009, Shanghai, China, February 23-25, 2009, Revised Papers, Part 2, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 1238–1247.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Edge Closer To Stem Cell Therapy For Parkinson’s [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Information Technology: DHS Needs to Enhance Management of Cost and Schedule for Major Investments (No. GAO-12-904). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penix-Tadsen, P., 2009. Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy, S., 2014. Who’s That (Cool) Girl? New York Times E11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gill, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bernèche and Roux, 2001; Gill, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bernèche and Roux, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Apai et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Electromyogr. Kinesiol.
ISSN (print)1050-6411
Clinical Neurology
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

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