How to format your references using the International Journal of Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Souza Pereira, R., 2000. Yet the path is strewn with needless obstacles. Nature 407, 834.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedstrom, L., Frey, P.A., 2000. Robert H. Abeles (1926-2000). Nature 407, 854.
A journal article with 3 authors
Messenger, S., Keller, L.P., Lauretta, D.S., 2005. Supernova olivine from cometary dust. Science 309, 737–741.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Downing, P.E., Jiang, Y., Shuman, M., Kanwisher, N., 2001. A cortical area selective for visual processing of the human body. Science 293, 2470–2473.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, R., 2011. A History of American Literature. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rosenberger, J.B. (Ed.), 2014. Relational Social Work Practice with Diverse Populations: A Relational Approach, Essential Clinical Social Work Series. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakakibara, Y., Sato, K., 2009. Sequence and Structural Analyses for Functional Non-coding RNAs, in: Condon, A., Harel, D., Kok, J.N., Salomaa, A., Winfree, E. (Eds.), Algorithmic Bioprocesses, Natural Computing Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plasticity.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. We May Have Just A Year To Prepare For A Supervolcanic Eruption [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Aviation Security: DHS Has Taken Steps to Enhance International Aviation Security and Facilitate Compliance with International Standards, but Challenges Remain (No. GAO-11-238T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, M., 2013. Respite efficacy for parents of adults with intellectual disabilities: An ethnographic perspective (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. Keeping It Real, the TV Version. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Souza Pereira, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (de Souza Pereira, 2000; Hedstrom and Frey, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hedstrom and Frey, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Downing et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plasticity
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast.
ISSN (print)0749-6419
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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