How to format your references using the International Journal of Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2000. US industry starts to think big by acting small. Nature 408, 621–622.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman, J.R., Nunnari, J., 2014. Mitochondrial form and function. Nature 505, 335–343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ren, A., Rajashankar, K.R., Patel, D.J., 2012. Fluoride ion encapsulation by Mg2+ ions and phosphates in a fluoride riboswitch. Nature 486, 85–89.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, D., Qi, X., Myhrvold, C., Wang, B., Dai, M., Jiang, S., Bates, M., Liu, Y., An, B., Zhang, F., Yan, H., Yin, P., 2017. Single-stranded DNA and RNA origami. Science 358.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, D.W., Woodward, J.L., 2010. Release. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Abdi, A.A., Shultz, L., Pillay, T. (Eds.), 2015. Decolonizing Global Citizenship Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhai, D., Wu, Y., Lu, J., Yan, F., 2008. A Fuzzy Negotiation Model with Genetic Algorithms, in: Wang, W., Li, Y., Duan, Z., Yan, L., Li, H., Yang, X. (Eds.), Integration and Innovation Orient to E-Society Volume 1: Seventh IFIP International Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (I3E2007), October 10–12, Wuhan, China, IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plasticity.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Cheap Solar Cells Made From Shrimp Cells [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. ADP Systems: Concerns About DOD’s Composite Health Care System Development Contracts (No. IMTEC-87-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, Z.B., II, 2017. General Relativistic Non-Radial Oscillations in Compact Stars (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2000. Svyatoslav Fyodorov, 72, Eye Surgery Pioneer. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman and Nunnari, 2014; Smaglik, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Friedman and Nunnari, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plasticity
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast.
ISSN (print)0749-6419
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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