How to format your references using the International Journal of Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M., 2008. Cell therapy: being patient. Nature 455, 586–588.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schiermeier, Q., Smaglik, P., 2005. Homeward bound European Union. Nature 433, 440–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behnia, K., Balicas, L., Kopelevich, Y., 2007. Signatures of electron fractionalization in ultraquantum bismuth. Science 317, 1729–1731.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, L., Li, T., Guo, R.Y., Xia, W., Xu, X.G., Zhu, S.N., 2013. Active display and encoding by integrated plasmonic polarizer on light-emitting-diode. Sci. Rep. 3, 2603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shunmugaperumal, T., 2010. Biofilm Eradication and Prevention. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Braunstein, G.D. (Ed.), 2012. Thyroid Cancer, Endocrine Updates. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Fournier, S., Doan, V.D., Joseph, V., 2012. Sex-Specific Effects of Daily Gavage with a Mixed Progesterone and Glucocorticoid Receptor Antagonist on Hypoxic Ventilatory Response in Newborn Rats, in: Nurse, C.A., Gonzalez, C., Peers, C., Prabhakar, N. (Eds.), Arterial Chemoreception: From Molecules to Systems, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plasticity.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. This Easy Online Breathlessness Test Can Check If You Might Have A Chronic Illness [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Acquisition Reform: NASA’s Internet Service Improves Access to Contracting Information (No. NSIAD-99-37). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tourijigian, L., 2015. Fiscal Changes at Dunbar Elementary (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. Will He Let Loose the Hounds? New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2008; Schiermeier and Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schiermeier and Smaglik, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plasticity
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast.
ISSN (print)0749-6419
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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