How to format your references using the International Journal of Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hennecke, U., 2013. Chemistry. Revealing the positive side of fluorine. Science 340, 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perez, J.E., Bashirullah, A.K., 2000. Bureaucracy strangles Latin American research. Nature 405, 273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, R.-P., Chew, K.-H., He, S., 2013. Dynamic control of collapse in a vortex Airy beam. Sci. Rep. 3, 1406.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tatar, M., Kopelman, A., Epstein, D., Tu, M.P., Yin, C.M., Garofalo, R.S., 2001. A mutant Drosophila insulin receptor homolog that extends life-span and impairs neuroendocrine function. Science 292, 107–110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T.P., 2011. Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement: Ryan/Quality Improvement 3E, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lauf, P.K., Adragna, N.C. (Eds.), 2005. Cell Volume and Signaling, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Klein, G.H., 2013. Linking the Person-Centered Approach to the Arts: Person-Centered Expressive Arts Therapy and Empowerment, in: Cornelius-White, J.H.D., Motschnig-Pitrik, R., Lux, M. (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Applications of the Person-Centered Approach. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plasticity.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Does A Lack Of Vitamin D Put You At Greater Risk Of Multiple Sclerosis? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Index Digest of the Published Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Volumes 66-70, September 1991 (No. 156871). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurgyi, A.A., 2012. Leadership competencies required of Army officers to counter the Improvised Explosive Device threat (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., 2016. Black Enclave’s Newcomers: Mr. and Mrs. L.L.C. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hennecke, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hennecke, 2013; Perez and Bashirullah, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perez and Bashirullah, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Tatar et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plasticity
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast.
ISSN (print)0749-6419
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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