How to format your references using the International Journal of Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyran, J.-R., 2007. Economics. Money illusion and the market. Science 317, 1042–1043.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hansson, G.K., Björkholm, M., 2010. Medicine. Tackling two diseases with HDL. Science 328, 1641–1642.
A journal article with 3 authors
Innocenti, P., Morrow, E.H., Dowling, D.K., 2011. Experimental evidence supports a sex-specific selective sieve in mitochondrial genome evolution. Science 332, 845–848.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, Y.-A., Kao, C.-W., Liu, K.-K., Huang, H.-S., Chiang, M.-H., Soo, C.-R., Chang, H.-C., Chiu, T.-W., Chao, J.-I., Hwang, E., 2014. The effect of fluorescent nanodiamonds on neuronal survival and morphogenesis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6919.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Bosse, J.G., 2002. Signaling in Telecommunication Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
An edited book
Seed, M.P., Walsh, D.A. (Eds.), 2008. Angiogenesis in Inflammation: Mechanisms and Clinical Correlates, Progress in Inflammation Research. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Frieden, B.R., Soffer, B.H., 2007. Parallel Information Phenomena of Biology and Astrophysics, in: Frieden, B.R., Gatenby, R.A. (Eds.), Exploratory Data Analysis Using Fisher Information. Springer, London, pp. 155–180.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plasticity.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Male Java Sparrows Drop The Beat [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. [Comments on Senate’s Liability for Special Charges and Taxes Related to Telephone Service] (No. B-225123). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grace-McCaskey, C.A., 2012. Fishermen, Politics, and Participation: An Ethnographic Examination of Commercial Fisheries Management in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L., 2010. Power Nap. New York Times ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tyran, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hansson and Björkholm, 2010; Tyran, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hansson and Björkholm, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plasticity
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast.
ISSN (print)0749-6419
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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