How to format your references using the International Journal of Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edler, J., 2012. Research funding. Toward variable funding for international science. Science 338, 331–332.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayes, R., Weiss, H., 2006. Epidemiology. Understanding HIV epidemic trends in Africa. Science 311, 620–621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong, H., Wen, B., Melnik, R., 2014. Relative importance of grain boundaries and size effects in thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline materials. Sci. Rep. 4, 7037.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sheng, C.-X., Singh, S., Gambetta, A., Drori, T., Tong, M., Tretiak, S., Vardeny, Z.V., 2013. Ultrafast intersystem-crossing in platinum containing π-conjugated polymers with tunable spin-orbit coupling. Sci. Rep. 3, 2653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan, M.M., Islam, M.R., 2016. Zero Waste Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Taylor, M., Coia, L. (Eds.), 2014. Gender, Feminism, and Queer Theory in the Self-Study of Teacher Education Practices, Professional Learning. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwartz, D.D., Axelrad, M.E., Hilliard, M.E., 2015. Interventions to Promote Adherence: Innovations in Behavior Change Strategies, in: Axelrad, M.E. (Ed.), Healthcare Partnerships for Pediatric Adherence: Promoting Collaborative Management for Pediatric Chronic Illness Care, SpringerBriefs in Public Health. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plasticity.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Chance Events Make Altruism Inevitable [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Aircraft Development: The Advanced Tactical Fighter’s Costs, Schedule, and Performance Goals (No. NSIAD-88-76). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKenzie, R.A., 2012. A correlational study of servant leadership and teacher job satisfaction in a public education institution (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. The Surrounding Scene; It Seemed Like Donahue. But With Bush, Clinton and Perot, It Sure Wasn’t. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scodeggio, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Juma, 2011; Koen, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hayes and Weiss, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Crawford et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plasticity
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast.
ISSN (print)0749-6419
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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