How to format your references using the Current Respiratory Care Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Respiratory Care Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Oettl A. Sociology: Honour the helpful. Nature. 2012;489:496–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kimmins S, Sassone-Corsi P. Chromatin remodelling and epigenetic features of germ cells. Nature. 2005;434:583–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Deller AT, Bailes M, Tingay SJ. Implications of a VLBI distance to the double pulsar J0737-3039A/B. Science. 2009;323:1327–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang S, Huang J, He Y, Guan Y. Combined effects of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and El Niño-Southern Oscillation on global land dry-wet changes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Carver RH, Tai K-C. Modern Multithreading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Gomes DA. Regularity Theory for Mean-Field Game Systems. Pimentel EA, Voskanyan V, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. De Lucia G. Galaxy Evolution in the Era of Digital Surveys: A Theoretical Overview. In: Napolitano NR, Longo G, Marconi M, Paolillo M, Iodice E, editors. The Universe of Digital Sky Surveys: A Meeting to Honour the 70th Birthday of Massimo Capaccioli. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Respiratory Care Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Antarctic Glacier Collapse Means Sea-Level Rise Now ‘Unstoppable’ [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:‘unstoppable’/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Applicability of Service Contract Act to Service Employees of ADP and High-Technology Companies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Nov. Report No.: 113769.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Edwards G. Effects of at-home reading activities and parental involvement on classroom communication arts assessments: Focus on the high school level [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. World Cup Draw Portends More Peril Than Promise. New York Times. 2009 Dec 2;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Respiratory Care Reports
ISSN (online)2161-332X

Other styles