How to format your references using the Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blencowe M. Applied physics. How to strum a nanobar. Science. 2007;317:762–763.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee SS-J, Mudaliar A. Medicine. Racing forward: the Genomics and Personalized Medicine Act. Science. 2009;323:342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nam KH, Park IH, Ko SH. Patterning by controlled cracking. Nature. 2012;485:221–224.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Imai KS, Levine M, Satoh N, et al. Regulatory blueprint for a chordate embryo. Science. 2006;312:1183–1187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kappe CO, Stadler A, Dallinger D. Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Tan KC. Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms and Applications. Khor EF, Lee TH, editors. London: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Boer J, Hoek A, Elzerman H. Social Desirability: Consumer Aspects. In: Aiking H, Boer J de, Vereijken J, editors. Sustainable Protein Production and Consumption: Pigs or Peas? Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 99–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications.

Blog post
Davis J. Easy-To-Ride Horses Spread Around The World Due To The Vikings [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Passenger Facility Charges Represent a New Funding Source for Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990. Report No.: RCED-91-39. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez JM. A recruitment campaign for Latino non-kin foster parents: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Escaping the Past, or Embracing It Before It Fades. New York Times. 2015 Apr 12;WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Electromagn. Waves Appl.
ISSN (print)0920-5071
ISSN (online)1569-3937
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
General Physics and Astronomy

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