How to format your references using the Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sabadini R. Paleoclimate. Ice sheet collapse and sea level change. Science. 2002;295:2376–2377.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Vert G, Chory J. Downstream nuclear events in brassinosteroid signalling. Nature. 2006;441:96–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Paraschiv-Ionescu A, Buchser E, Aminian K. Unraveling dynamics of human physical activity patterns in chronic pain conditions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2019.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Béjà O, Suzuki MT, Heidelberg JF, et al. Unsuspected diversity among marine aerobic anoxygenic phototrophs. Nature. 2002;415:630–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Nguyen T. Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Porter K. 50 Billion Dollar Boss: African American Women Sharing Stories of Success in Entrepreneurship and Leadership. Hoffman A, editor. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Pascual TNB, Ros S, Engel-Hills P, et al. Medical Competency in Postgraduate Medical Training Programs. In: Hibbert KM, Chhem RK, Deven T van, et al., editors. Radiology Education: The Evaluation and Assessment of Clinical Competence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 29–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. CT Scan Reveals Hernia In Korean Mummy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/ct-scan-reveals-hernia-korean-mummy/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Review of Selected Contracts Awarded by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979. Report No.: PSAD-79-103. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Jaffer S. Harnessing innovation in the 21st century: the impact of leadership styles [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gordon M. A Boy’s Fate. New York Times. 2016 May 16;BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Electromagn. Waves Appl.
ISSN (print)0920-5071
ISSN (online)1569-3937
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
General Physics and Astronomy

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