How to format your references using the Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott T. Planetary science. Speed metal. Science. 2014;344:1086–1087.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aharonov Y, Zubairy MS. Time and the quantum: erasing the past and impacting the future. Science. 2005;307:875–879.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishida H, Pigg KB, Rigby JF. Palaeobotany: Swimming sperm in an extinct Gondwanan plant. Nature. 2003;422:396–397.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hugonnet J-E, Tremblay LW, Boshoff HI, et al. Meropenem-clavulanate is effective against extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Science. 2009;323:1215–1218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Irene EA. Electronic Materials Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Wang PSP, editor. Pattern Recognition, Machine Intelligence and Biometrics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Russo G, Giglio C. Arterie bronchiali e vasi dei circoli cavale e polmonare. In: Romano L, Fulciniti S, Silva M, editors. Anatomia TC multidetettore — Body. Milano: Springer; 2010. p. 29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications.

Blog post
Fang J. Sexy Peacocks Fly Fine, Even With Extravagant Tails. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s 1996 Financial Statements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997. Report No.: AIMD-98-30. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borogovac A. Novel method for superior detection of functional changes in CBF using arterial spin labeling fMRI [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA. Go-To Gadgets. New York Times. 2008 Apr 30;SPG5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Electromagn. Waves Appl.
ISSN (print)0920-5071
ISSN (online)1569-3937
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles