How to format your references using the Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Soderquist C. NUCLEAR FUELS. How to isolate americium. Science. 2015;350:635–636.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ceci S, Williams WM. Darwin 200: Should scientists study race and IQ? YES: The scientific truth must be pursued. Nature. 2009;457:788–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang N, Xu Y, Jiang D. High-performance heterogeneous catalysis with surface-exposed stable metal nanoparticles. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7228.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiang Y, Dai X, Guo J, et al. Critical coupling with graphene-based hyperbolic metamaterials. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5483.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chang CM. Service Systems Management and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Schiff R, Joshi RM, editors. Interventions in Learning Disabilities: A Handbook on Systematic Training Programs for Individuals with Learning Disabilities. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Lamantia F, Radi D, Sbragia L. Dynamic Modeling in Renewable Resource Exploitation. In: Bischi GI, Panchuk A, Radi D, editors. Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems, Tools and Applications for Economic Modelling: Lectures Given at the COST Training School on New Economic Complex Geography at Urbino, Italy, 17-19 September 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 257–289.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications.

Blog post
Fang J. Sticky Plant Wears Armor of Dead Insects [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Missile Development: Development Status of the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987. Report No.: NSIAD-87-168. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghale K. Modeling the Traffic Impacts During Evacuation of a Suburban University Campus: A Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo K. A Lakeside Art Deco Hotel Shines Anew. New York Times. 2016 Jul 29;TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Electromagn. Waves Appl.
ISSN (print)0920-5071
ISSN (online)1569-3937
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
General Physics and Astronomy

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