How to format your references using the Trends in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beverley, S.M. (2015) Parasitology: CRISPR for Cryptosporidium. Nature 523, 413–414
A journal article with 2 authors
Helffrich, G. and Kaneshima, S. (2004) Seismological constraints on core composition from Fe-O-S liquid immiscibility. Science 306, 2239–2242
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsuo, N. et al. (2008) Spine-type-specific recruitment of newly synthesized AMPA receptors with learning. Science 319, 1104–1107
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Tsong, A.E. et al. (2006) Evolution of alternative transcriptional circuits with identical logic. Nature 443, 415–420

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olsson, A. (2005) Understanding Changing Telecommunications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yaduvanshi, R.S. (2016) Rectangular Dielectric Resonator Antennas: Theory and Design, 1st ed. 2016.Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Kar, S. and Datta, D. (2015) Industrial Organization and the Labor Market. In Industrial and Labor Economics: Issues in Developing and Transition Countries (Datta, D., ed), pp. 107–137, Springer India

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis, J. 04-Jan-(2017) , Chickens Might Be Far More Intelligent Than We Give Them Credit For. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) U.S. International Energy Research and Development Program Management, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nagarajan, S. (2009) , Migration, remittances, and household health: Evidence from South Africa. , Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sehgal, P. 13-Sep-(2017) , McPhee on McPhee: A Master’s Valedictory Lap. , New York Times, C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Biotechnology
AbbreviationTrends Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0167-7799
ISSN (online)1879-3096

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