How to format your references using the Trends in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hammerer, K. (2013) Physics. Quantum mechanics tackles mechanics. Science 342, 702–703
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis, J.A. and Ahn, B.Y. (2015) Device fabrication: Three-dimensional printed electronics. Nature 518, 42–43
A journal article with 3 authors
Murakami, S. et al. (2003) Dissipationless quantum spin current at room temperature. Science 301, 1348–1351
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Yanagisawa, H. et al. (2002) Fibulin-5 is an elastin-binding protein essential for elastic fibre development in vivo. Nature 415, 168–171

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zheng, F. and Kaiser, T. (2016) Digital Signal Processing for RFID, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kita, R. and Dobashi, T., eds. (2015) Nano/Micro Science and Technology in Biorheology: Principles, Methods, and Applications, Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Moshkin, M. et al. (2007) Skimping as an Adaptive Strategy in Social Fossorial Rodents: The Mole Vole (Ellobius talpinus) as an Example. In Subterranean Rodents: News from Underground (Begall, S. et al., eds), pp. 49–60, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Biotechnology.

Blog post
Fang, J. 13-May-(2015) , Bats Open Their Mouths Wider To Focus Their Sonar Beam. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Space Shuttle: Incomplete Data and Funding Approach Increase Cost Risk for Upgrade Program, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ratzlaff, K. (2012) , Dynamics of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona. , Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. 30-May-(2017) , Zverev and Konta Lose In French Open Upsets. , New York Times, B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Biotechnology
AbbreviationTrends Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0167-7799
ISSN (online)1879-3096

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