How to format your references using the Trends in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson, S.T. (2015) Going where the science matters. Science 350, 594
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayley, H. and Cremer, P.S. (2001) Stochastic sensors inspired by biology. Nature 413, 226–230
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoon, S.-J. et al. (2006) Explaining the color distributions of globular cluster systems in elliptical galaxies. Science 311, 1129–1132
A journal article with 3 or more authors
López-Bueno, A. et al. (2009) High diversity of the viral community from an Antarctic lake. Science 326, 858–861

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg, N. et al. (2014) Joint Optimization of Maintenance and Production Policies, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bassani, G.F., ed. (2006) Ettore Majorana Scientific Papers: On occasion of the centenary of his birth, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Santos, N. et al. (2007) Vector-Field Consistency for Ad-Hoc Gaming. In Middleware 2007: ACM/IFIP/USENIX 8th International Middleware Conference, Newport Beach, CA, USA, November 26-30, 2007. Proceedings (Cerqueira, R. and Campbell, R. H., eds), pp. 80–100, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 15-Oct-(2015) , 23,000 People In The US End Up In ER Every Year Because Of Supplements. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) How Funds Granted to the Eisenhower College and the Rayburn Library Were Spent, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heredia, R. (2017) , Leadership Development in a Multigenerational Workplace: An Exploratory Study. , Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. 21-May-(2017) , Looking at, and Beyond, a Lifetime of Anxiety. , New York Times, C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Biotechnology
AbbreviationTrends Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0167-7799
ISSN (online)1879-3096

Other styles