How to format your references using the Trends in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaim, W. (2005) Chemistry. Odd electron on nitrogen: a metal-stabilized aminyl radical. Science 307, 216–217
A journal article with 2 authors
Jin, X. and Costa, R.M. (2010) Start/stop signals emerge in nigrostriatal circuits during sequence learning. Nature 466, 457–462
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishida, H. et al. (2003) Palaeobotany: Swimming sperm in an extinct Gondwanan plant. Nature 422, 396–397
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Reay, D. et al. (2007) Climate change 2007: spring-time for sinks. Nature 446, 727–728

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Häussler-Combe, U. (2014) Computational Methods for Reinforced Concrete Structures, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
An edited book
Rozhansky, V. (2008) Review of Plasma Physics, 24, Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Giraud, C. (2012) Differential Fault Analysis of the Advanced Encryption Standard. In Fault Analysis in Cryptography (Joye, M. and Tunstall, M., eds), pp. 55–72, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Biotechnology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014) When Did We First Start Controlling Fire?. IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Coordinating and Linking Programs Directed Toward Increasing the Numbers of Minority and Disadvantaged Individuals in the Health Professions, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolakoski, M. (2013) The appeal to be heard and the trope of listening in classic film and African American literature. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, M. (2014) A Kansas Town Rallies for a Modest Lifeline: A Local Grocery StoreNew York Times, A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Biotechnology
AbbreviationTrends Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0167-7799
ISSN (online)1879-3096

Other styles