How to format your references using the International Studies Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, David. (2002) Satellite Set to Keep Track of Whales. Nature 415: 354.
A journal article with 2 authors
Changeux, Jean-Pierre, and Stuart J. Edelstein. (2005) Allosteric Mechanisms of Signal Transduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 1424–1428.
A journal article with 3 authors
Srinivasan, Gayathri, Carey M. James, and Joseph A. Krzycki. (2002) Pyrrolysine Encoded by UAG in Archaea: Charging of a UAG-Decoding Specialized TRNA. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296: 1459–1462.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lanza, Robert, Young Chung, Michael D. West, and Keith H. S. Campbell. (2003) Comment on “Molecular Correlates of Primate Nuclear Transfer Failures.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 1482; author reply 1482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, David, and Michael Norris. (2004) Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Leitner, Stephan, and Friederike Wall, Eds. (2014) 669 Artificial Economics and Self Organization: Agent-Based Approaches to Economics and Social Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Xuanxuan, Lihuan Jiang, Lars Thiele, and Yongming Wang. (2016) Secret Key Extraction with Quantization Randomness Using Hadamard Matrix on QuaDRiGa Channel. In Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, edited by Sihan Qing, Eiji Okamoto, Kwangjo Kim, and Dongmei Liu. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Perspectives.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. (2016) American Medical Association Warns Of Health And Safety Problems From “White” LED Streetlights. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974) Federal Programs for Education of the Handicapped: Issues and Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, Richard. (2011) Stone Circles and Sandplay Therapy: The Language of Symbols. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, John. (2016) An Election Ill Timed for Media in Transition. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2002; Changeux and Edelstein 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Changeux and Edelstein 2005)
  • Three authors: (Srinivasan, James, and Krzycki 2002)
  • 7 or more authors: (Lanza, Chung, West, and Campbell 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Perspectives
ISSN (print)1528-3585

Other styles