How to format your references using the International Studies Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Quirin. (2002) Postdoc Positions Axed as Economic Crisis Takes Its Toll. Nature 420: 452.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lund, Steven T., and Joerg Bohlmann. (2006) The Molecular Basis for Wine Grape Quality--a Volatile Subject. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311: 804–805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Farihi, J., B. T. Gänsicke, and D. Koester. (2013) Evidence for Water in the Rocky Debris of a Disrupted Extrasolar Minor Planet. Science (New York, N.Y.) 342: 218–220.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, Wancang, Youbin Sun, William Balsam, Huayu Lu, Lianwen Liu, Jun Chen, and Junfeng Ji. (2014) Hf-Nd Isotopic Variability in Mineral Dust from Chinese and Mongolian Deserts: Implications for Sources and Dispersal. Scientific reports 4: 5837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stockinger, Peter. (2013) Audiovisual Archives. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Juels, Ari, and Christof Paar, Eds. (2012) 7055 RFID. Security and Privacy: 7th International Workshop, RFIDSec 2011, Amherst, USA, June 26-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marle, Franck, and Ludovic-Alexandre Vidal. (2016) Changing Project Structure to Mitigate Its Complexity. In Managing Complex, High Risk Projects: A Guide to Basic and Advanced Project Management, edited by Ludovic-Alexandre Vidal. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Perspectives.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. (2015) Different Monkey Species Can Understand One Another’s “Languages.” IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012) Review of FAA’s Collegiate Training Initiative as Mandated in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, Yi. (2003) Statistical Analysis of CDNA Microarrays: A Systematic Approach to Identify MTF-1 Mediated Gene Expression Profile in Response to Cadmium. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lavin, Linda. (2017) I Sang in New York. New York Times: AR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier 2002; Lund and Bohlmann 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lund and Bohlmann 2006)
  • Three authors: (Farihi, Gänsicke, and Koester 2013)
  • 7 or more authors: (Zhao, Sun, Balsam, Lu, Liu, Chen, et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Perspectives
ISSN (print)1528-3585

Other styles