How to format your references using the International Studies Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kysar, Douglas. (2011) Supreme Court Ruling Is Good, Bad and Ugly. Nature 474: 421.
A journal article with 2 authors
True, H. L., and S. L. Lindquist. (2000) A Yeast Prion Provides a Mechanism for Genetic Variation and Phenotypic Diversity. Nature 407: 477–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bradley, Raymond S., Malcolm K. Hughes, and Henry F. Diaz. (2003) Climate Change. Climate in Medieval Time. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 404–405.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mezzacapo, A., U. Las Heras, J. S. Pedernales, L. DiCarlo, E. Solano, and L. Lamata. (2014) Digital Quantum Rabi and Dicke Models in Superconducting Circuits. Scientific reports 4: 7482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Batten, Lynn Margaret. (2013) Public Key Cryptography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jones, Neil D., and Markus Müller-Olm, Eds. (2009) 5403 Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 10th International Conference, VMCAI 2009, Savannah, GA, USA, January 18-20, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hemani, Ahmed, and Peter Klapproth. (2006) TRENDS IN SOC ARCHITECTURES. In Radio Design in Nanometer Technologies, edited by Mohammed Ismail and Delia Rodríguez D. E. Llera González. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Perspectives.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. (2017) New Method Could Help Us Find Life On Other Worlds. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014) James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Commitments but Current Technical, Cost, and Schedule Challenges Could Affect Continued Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graeter, Christine Jacobson. (2012) Longitudinal Study of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Subjects in the American Clinical Trial of Enzyme Potentiated Desensitization. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, Ken, and Mary Pilon. (2013) Technology Firm From India Will Be New York Marathon Title Sponsor. New York Times: B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kysar 2011).
This sentence cites two references (True and Lindquist 2000; Kysar 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (True and Lindquist 2000)
  • Three authors: (Bradley, Hughes, and Diaz 2003)
  • 7 or more authors: (Mezzacapo, Las Heras, Pedernales, DiCarlo, Solano, and Lamata 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Perspectives
ISSN (print)1528-3585

Other styles