How to format your references using the International Studies Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, Katherine. (2014) Microbiome: The Bacterial Tightrope. Nature 516: S14-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collier, Paul, and Carina Maria Alles. (2010) Materials Science. Materials Ecology: An Industrial Perspective. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 919–920.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanczyc, Martin M., Shelly M. Fujikawa, and Jack W. Szostak. (2003) Experimental Models of Primitive Cellular Compartments: Encapsulation, Growth, and Division. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 618–622.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, Xianqiang, Delu Pan, Yan Bai, Difeng Wang, and Zengzhou Hao. (2014) A New Simple Concept for Ocean Colour Remote Sensing Using Parallel Polarisation Radiance. Scientific reports 4: 3748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE technical manual. (1998) Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vanin, John R. (2008) Anxiety Disorders: A Pocket Guide for Primary Care. edited by James D. Helsley and David M. Morgan. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Bower, Julienne E., and Patricia A. Ganz. (2015) Symptoms: Fatigue and Cognitive Dysfunction. In Improving Outcomes for Breast Cancer Survivors: Perspectives on Research Challenges and Opportunities, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, edited by Patricia A. Ganz. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2014) Born This Way? An Evolutionary View of ‘Gay Genes.’ IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987) Inspectors General: Compliance With Professional Standards by the Transportation Inspector General. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adler, Abby Danielle. (2012) Change in Automatic and Strategic Cognition: An Examination of Cognitive Therapy for Depression. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witz, Billy. (2016) Judge Dismisses Familia’s Criminal Case. New York Times: B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Collier and Alles 2010; Bourzac 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collier and Alles 2010)
  • Three authors: (Hanczyc, Fujikawa, and Szostak 2003)
  • 7 or more authors: (He, Pan, Bai, Wang, and Hao 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Perspectives
ISSN (print)1528-3585

Other styles