How to format your references using the International Studies Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ye, Jin. (2011) Cell Biology. Protease Sets Site-1 on Lysosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333: 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berlin, S., and H. Ellegren. (2001) Evolutionary Genetics. Clonal Inheritance of Avian Mitochondrial DNA. Nature 413: 37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, Hongjun, Charles F. Stevens, and Fred H. Gage. (2002) Astroglia Induce Neurogenesis from Adult Neural Stem Cells. Nature 417: 39–44.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ohman, James C., C. Owen Lovejoy, Tim D. White, Robert B. Eckhardt, Karol Galik, and Adam J. Kuperavage. (2005) Questions About Orrorin Femur. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307: 845b.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armstrong, Howard A., and Martin D. Brasier. (2004) Microfossils. Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing.
An edited book
Andréka, Hajnal, Miklós Ferenczi, and István Németi, Eds. (2013) 22 Cylindric-like Algebras and Algebraic Logic. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rummler, Geary A., and Alan J. Ramias. (2015) A Framework for Defining and Designing the Structure of Work. In Handbook on Business Process Management 1: Introduction, Methods, and Information Systems, edited by Jan vom Brocke and Michael Rosemann. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. (2016) Neanderthals Completely Disappeared Just 3,000 Years After Their Population Peaked. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010) Technology Assessment: Explosives Detection Technologies to Protect Passenger Rail. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bravo, Michael. (2015) The Development of a Viable Business Plan: Analytics of 30 Day Readmission Rates for Hospitals and Ancillary Services. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, Linda. (2012) Bridal Hunger Games. New York Times: ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ye 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Berlin and Ellegren 2001; Ye 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berlin and Ellegren 2001)
  • Three authors: (Song, Stevens, and Gage 2002)
  • 7 or more authors: (Ohman, Lovejoy, White, Eckhardt, Galik, and Kuperavage 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Perspectives
ISSN (print)1528-3585

Other styles