How to format your references using the International Economics and Economic Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economics and Economic Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad E (2000) MARINE CONSERVATION: Virginia Gets Crabby About Harvest Limits. Science 289:1122a
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray J, Druker B (2012) Genomics: the breast cancer landscape. Nature 486:328–329
A journal article with 3 authors
Steinman BA, Mann ME, Miller SK (2015) Climate change. Atlantic and Pacific multidecadal oscillations and Northern Hemisphere temperatures. Science 347:988–991
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Khatibzadeh N, Stilgoe AB, Bui AAM, et al (2014) Determination of motility forces on isolated chromosomes with laser tweezers. Sci Rep 4:6866

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sugirtharajah RS (2011) Exploring Postcolonial Biblical Criticism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Paterson MS (2005) Experimental Rock Deformation — The Brittle Field, Second, Completely Revised and Updated Edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ponsky LE, Vricella G (2012) Prostate Surgery and the Evolution to Minimally Invasive Therapies. In: Ponsky LE, Fuller DB, Meier RM, Ma C (eds) Robotic Radiosurgery. Treating Prostate Cancer and Related Genitourinary Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economics and Economic Policy.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Hawaiian Islands Were Losing Species Millions Of Years Before Humans Arrived. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Reevaluation Needed of Educational Assistance for Institutionalized Neglected or Delinquent Children. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza E (2015) Understanding help-seeking behavior among at-risk Latino male high school students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2012) A Chicer, Cheaper New Outlook. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stokstad 2000; Gray and Druker 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray and Druker 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Khatibzadeh et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economics and Economic Policy
AbbreviationInt. Econ. Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)1612-4804
ISSN (online)1612-4812
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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