How to format your references using the International Economics and Economic Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economics and Economic Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowan R (2004) Coral bleaching: thermal adaptation in reef coral symbionts. Nature 430:742
A journal article with 2 authors
Hastings A, Palmer MA (2003) Mathematics and biology. A bright future for biologists and mathematicians? Science 299:2003–2004
A journal article with 3 authors
Sund J, Andér M, Aqvist J (2010) Principles of stop-codon reading on the ribosome. Nature 465:947–950
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang A, Mu H, Zhang W, et al (2013) Chitosan coupling makes microbial biofilms susceptible to antibiotics. Sci Rep 3:3364

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiasson AD (2016) Geothermal Heat Pump and Heat Engine Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Scott JE (2008) Pro Oracle Application Express. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng Z, Xu X, Chen D (2015) Biophysical Characteristics of DCs in Tumor Microenvironment. In: Xu X, Chen D (eds) Dendritic Cells: Biophysics, Tumor Microenvironment and Chinese Traditional Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 25–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economics and Economic Policy.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) DNA Reveals Caribbean “Island Murderer” Lineage Emerged As Dinosaurs Bit The Dust. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1969) An Approach to the Audit of Research and Development Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romanek JL (2009) The relative influence of sensation seeking and normal narcissism on academic cheating in emerging adults. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Kremlin Opposes K.G.B. Statue. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rowan 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hastings and Palmer 2003; Rowan 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hastings and Palmer 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economics and Economic Policy
AbbreviationInt. Econ. Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)1612-4804
ISSN (online)1612-4812
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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