How to format your references using the International Economics and Economic Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economics and Economic Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renner SS (2011) Evolution. Living fossil younger than thought. Science 334:766–767
A journal article with 2 authors
Makiura R, Konovalov O (2013) Interfacial growth of large-area single-layer metal-organic framework nanosheets. Sci Rep 3:2506
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholz M, Lo C-C, Chain PSG (2014) Improved assemblies using a source-agnostic pipeline for MetaGenomic Assembly by Merging (MeGAMerge) of contigs. Sci Rep 4:6480
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Day JJ, Norman DB, Upchurch P, Powell HP (2002) Dinosaur locomotion from a new trackway. Nature 415:494–495

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gottlieb I (2009) Next Generation Excel. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809
An edited book
Kwak J, Deng RH, Won Y, Wang G (eds) (2010) Information Security, Practice and Experience: 6th International Conference, ISPEC 2010, Seoul, Korea, May 12-13, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Levitt JO (2015) Injections. In: Levitt JO, Sobanko JF (eds) Safety in Office-Based Dermatologic Surgery. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 15–30

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economics and Economic Policy.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) A Hidden Code In Our DNA Explains How New Pieces Of Genes Are Made. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Job Training Partnership Act: Actions Needed to Improve Participant Support Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grether S (2012) All You Need is Love? An Examination of Interracial Divorce. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kasich J (2017) End Partisan Warfare on Health Care. New York Times A31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Renner 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Renner 2011; Makiura and Konovalov 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makiura and Konovalov 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Day et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economics and Economic Policy
AbbreviationInt. Econ. Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)1612-4804
ISSN (online)1612-4812
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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