How to format your references using the International Economics and Economic Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economics and Economic Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greensfelder L (2000) INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Polio Outbreak Raises Questions About Vaccine. Science 290:1867b–9b
A journal article with 2 authors
Epshtein V, Nudler E (2003) Cooperation between RNA polymerase molecules in transcription elongation. Science 300:801–805
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoffman BD, Grashoff C, Schwartz MA (2011) Dynamic molecular processes mediate cellular mechanotransduction. Nature 475:316–323
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang X, Song J, Liu J, Wang ZL (2007) Direct-current nanogenerator driven by ultrasonic waves. Science 316:102–105

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weiss A (2009) Getting Started in Consulting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mehler A, Kühnberger K-U, Lobin H, et al (eds) (2012) Modeling, Learning, and Processing of Text Technological Data Structures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pascual M, Roa S (2013) Epigenetics, Environment, and Allergic Diseases. In: Roa S (ed) Epigenetic Approaches to Allergy Research. Springer, New York, NY, pp 51–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economics and Economic Policy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Mind-Reading Computer Writes Words with Brain Waves. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Federal Lands: Information on the Use and Impact of Off-Highway Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bardhoshi G (2012) The Relationship Between Assignment of Non-Counseling Duties and Burnout Among Professional School Counselors. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) A Hive of Growth, Dallas Flirts With Bankruptcy. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greensfelder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Greensfelder 2000; Epshtein and Nudler 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Epshtein and Nudler 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economics and Economic Policy
AbbreviationInt. Econ. Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)1612-4804
ISSN (online)1612-4812
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles