How to format your references using the International Economics and Economic Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economics and Economic Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Passey BH (2015) Geochemistry. Biogeochemical tales told by isotope clumps. Science 348:394–395
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman A, Perrimon N (2006) A functional RNAi screen for regulators of receptor tyrosine kinase and ERK signalling. Nature 444:230–234
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggman KL, Helmstaedter M, Denk W (2011) Wiring specificity in the direction-selectivity circuit of the retina. Nature 471:183–188
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cayirlioglu P, Kadow IG, Zhan X, et al (2008) Hybrid neurons in a microRNA mutant are putative evolutionary intermediates in insect CO2 sensory systems. Science 319:1256–1260

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
You H, Jianjuan X, Xin G (2016) Radar Data Processing with Applications. John Wiley &;#38; Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Cohen RL (2006) String Topology and Cyclic Homology. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Zamfirescu C, Dincer I (2010) Hydrogen Production from Ammonia as an Environmentally Benign Solution for Vehicles. In: Dincer I, Hepbasli A, Midilli A, Karakoc TH (eds) Global Warming: Engineering Solutions. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 109–127

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economics and Economic Policy.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) For Healthy Bird Development, Multiple Sperm Must Penetrate The Egg. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Intercity Passenger Rail: Increasing Amtrak’s Accountability for Its Taxpayer Relief Act Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nichols J (2012) Genetic and genomic mechanisms of neonatal hyperoxic lung injury in the inbred mouse. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Nassau Working to Close Gap in 2008 Budget. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Passey 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman and Perrimon 2006; Passey 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Friedman and Perrimon 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Cayirlioglu et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economics and Economic Policy
AbbreviationInt. Econ. Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)1612-4804
ISSN (online)1612-4812
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles