How to format your references using the International Economics and Economic Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economics and Economic Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pereira IAC (2013) Microbiology. An enzymatic route to H2 storage. Science 342:1329–1330
A journal article with 2 authors
Jansen VAA, van Baalen M (2006) Altruism through beard chromodynamics. Nature 440:663–666
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers Hollingsworth J, Müller KH, Hollingsworth EJ (2008) China: The end of the science superpowers. Nature 454:412–413
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang J, Zeng Z, Lin H-Q, Li Y-L (2014) Pressure-induced planar N6 rings in potassium azide. Sci Rep 4:4358

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neff DJ, Moss RC (2011) The Future of Nonprofits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Toi VV, Khoa TQD (eds) (2010) The Third International Conference on the Development of Biomedical Engineering in Vietnam: BME2010, 11–14 January, 2010, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Weinmann SM, van den Bosch FC, Pasquali A (2011) The Dependence of Low Redshift Galaxy Properties on Environment. In: Ferreras I, Pasquali A (eds) Environment and the Formation of Galaxies: 30 years later: Proceedings of Symposium 2 of JENAM 2010. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 29–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economics and Economic Policy.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Expedition Reveals How The Dinosaur-Killing Asteroid Shook And Shaped The Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Rail Transportation: Federal Railroad Administration’s Safety Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moody VJ (2012) Examining leadership styles and employee engagement in the public and private sectors. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Frenkel S, Scott M, Mozur P (2017) Mystery of Motive for a Ransomware Attack: Money, Mayhem or a Message? New York Times A7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pereira 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Jansen and van Baalen 2006; Pereira 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jansen and van Baalen 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economics and Economic Policy
AbbreviationInt. Econ. Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)1612-4804
ISSN (online)1612-4812
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles