How to format your references using the Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickersin K. Health-care policy. To reform U.S. health care, start with systematic reviews. Science. 2010 Jul 30;329(5991):516–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos A, Bamzai A. Policy needs robust climate science. Nature. 2005 Nov 17;438(7066):285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruby JG, Jan CH, Bartel DP. Intronic microRNA precursors that bypass Drosha processing. Nature. 2007 Jul 5;448(7149):83–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brixner T, Damrauer NH, Niklaus P, Gerber G. Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase. Nature. 2001 Nov 1;414(6859):57–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruckmongathan TN. Addressing Techniques of Liquid Crystal Displays. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Olek MJ, editor. Multiple Sclerosis: Etiology, Diagnosis, and New Treatment Strategies. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2005. (Current Clinical Neurology).
A chapter in an edited book
Ebihara Y, Peaucelle D, Arzelier D. Robust State-Feedback Synthesis for LTI Systems. In: Peaucelle D, Arzelier D, editors. S-Variable Approach to LMI-Based Robust Control. London: Springer; 2015. p. 107–37. (Communications and Control Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Astronaut Enters Inflatable ISS Habitat For The First Time [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control Modernization: Management Challenges Associated with Program Costs and Schedules Could Hinder NextGen Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Feb. Report No.: GAO-12-223.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sitterding MC. Situation awareness and the selection of interruption handling strategies during the medication administration process: A qualitative study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Andrews M. Venus Williams Investigated in Fatal Crash. New York Times. 2017 Jun 29;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Eval. Health Prof.
ISSN (online)1975-5937

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