How to format your references using the Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bradford MA. Ecology: Good dirt with good friends. Nature. 2014 Jan 23;505(7484):486–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kump LR, Barley ME. Increased subaerial volcanism and the rise of atmospheric oxygen 2.5 billion years ago. Nature. 2007 Aug 30;448(7157):1033–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Upadhyay D, Scherer EE, Mezger K. (142)Nd evidence for an enriched Hadean reservoir in cratonic roots. Nature. 2009 Jun 25;459(7250):1118–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shafir S, Reich T, Tsur E, Erev I, Lotem A. Perceptual accuracy and conflicting effects of certainty on risk-taking behaviour. Nature. 2008 Jun 12;453(7197):917–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hannam J. What Everyone Needs to Know about Tax. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Hall R, editor. Handbook of Healthcare System Scheduling. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. X, 334 p. (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; vol. 168).
A chapter in an edited book
Herring DJ. Evolutionary Perspectives on Child Welfare Law. In: Shackelford TK, Hansen RD, editors. The Evolution of Violence. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 53–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Big Are The Largest Marine Animals? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Managed Care Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Sep. Report No.: HEHS-96-153R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Domec BS. Development, Characterization, and Resultant Properties of a Carbon, Boron, and Chromium Ternary Diffusion System [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik JF. Choosing a Place to Settle Down in the Age of Fitbit. New York Times. 2016 Oct 14;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Eval. Health Prof.
ISSN (online)1975-5937

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