How to format your references using the Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. Personalized medicine: Special treatment. Nature. 2014 Sep 11;513(7517):S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melbourne BA, Hastings A. Extinction risk depends strongly on factors contributing to stochasticity. Nature. 2008 Jul 3;454(7200):100–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaedler TA, Jacobsen AJ, Carter WB. Materials science. Toward lighter, stiffer materials. Science. 2013 Sep 13;341(6151):1181–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nash MS, Young KW, Challiss RA, Nahorski SR. Intracellular signalling. Receptor-specific messenger oscillations. Nature. 2001 Sep 27;413(6854):381–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Doeuff R, Zaïm MEH. Rotating Electrical Machines. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Kleinbaum DG. Survival Analysis: A Self-Learning Text, Third Edition. Klein M, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. XV, 700p. 500 illus. (Statistics for Biology and Health).
A chapter in an edited book
Panopoulou E, Tambouris E, Tarabanis K. eParticipation Initiatives in Europe: Learning from Practitioners. In: Tambouris E, Macintosh A, Glassey O, editors. Electronic Participation: Second IFIP WG 85 International Conference, ePart 2010, Lausanne, Switzerland, August 29 – September 2, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 54–65. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Get Ready For The Dazzling Perseid Meteors In August [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Consumer Finance: Factors Affecting the Financial Literacy of Individuals with Limited English Proficiency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 May. Report No.: GAO-10-518.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nepal RM. Class II MHC Function in Macrophages and Mice Infected with Mycobacterium [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Tebow, Hitting .220, Receives a Promotion. New York Times. 2017 Jun 25;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Eval. Health Prof.
ISSN (online)1975-5937

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