How to format your references using the Breast Cancer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Scharfman HE. Neuroscience. Metabolic control of epilepsy. Science. 2015;347:1312–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Grewal SIS, Elgin SCR. Transcription and RNA interference in the formation of heterochromatin. Nature. 2007;447:399–406.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lackner LL, Horner JS, Nunnari J. Mechanistic analysis of a dynamin effector. Science. 2009;325:874–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Heck PR, Schmitz B, Baur H, Halliday AN, Wieler R. Fast delivery of meteorites to Earth after a major asteroid collision. Nature. 2004;430:323–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gray R. A History of American Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Zada G, Lopes MBS, Mukundan S Jr, Laws ER Jr, editors. Atlas of Sellar and Parasellar Lesions: Clinical, Radiologic, and Pathologic Correlations. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bai Z, Silverstein JW. Product of Two Random Matrices. In: Silverstein JW, editor. Spectral Analysis of Large Dimensional Random Matrices. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 59–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Catching Metastatic Cancer Cells Before They Grow Into Tumors: A New Implant Shows Promise [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/catching-metastatic-cancer-cells-they-grow-tumors-new-implant-shows-promise/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness of Key State-Administered Federal Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Oct. Report No.: T-AIMD-00-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lefebvre K. Racial Prejudice, Individualism, and Political Identity: Understanding the Forty-Year Trend of Anti-Welfare Spending Preferences [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. Political Memo; Re-examining the Fine Print On Clinton’s Tax Promises. New York Times. 1993 Jan 26;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer Research
ISSN (online)1465-542X
Scope

Other styles