How to format your references using the Breast Cancer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ohman M. Biochemistry. A cold editor makes the adaptation. Science. 2012;335:805–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Northrup AB, MacMillan DWC. Two-step synthesis of carbohydrates by selective aldol reactions. Science. 2004;305:1752–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Fenton LK, Geissler PE, Haberle RM. Global warming and climate forcing by recent albedo changes on Mars. Nature. 2007;446:646–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Brandstetter H, Kim JS, Groll M, Huber R. Crystal structure of the tricorn protease reveals a protein disassembly line. Nature. 2001;414:466–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bobrow J, Kohn E, Mondragon-Gilmore J, Eggenschwiler J. CliffsNotes® Praxis I®: PPST®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Luo X, Reichl T, Mirota D, Soper T, editors. Computer-Assisted and Robotic Endoscopy: First International Workshop, CARE 2014, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2014, Boston, MA, USA, September 18, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pasupuleti J, Nigam SN. Phenotyping for Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Improvement. In: Panguluri SK, Kumar AA, editors. Phenotyping for Plant Breeding: Applications of Phenotyping Methods for Crop Improvement. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 129–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer Research.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Hibernating Aliens May Explain Why We Haven’t Found Any Other Life Yet [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Preliminary Views on Options for Additional Fiscal Oversight of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jul. Report No.: GAO-05-922T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lambert M. Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Olmsted SA. CITY REPORTS.; A Record of Their Appearance and of Comments Upon Them. New York Times. 1935 Jul 24;BOOKS16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer Research
ISSN (online)1465-542X

Other styles