How to format your references using the Globalization and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Globalization and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Abbott A. Axeing of website article sparks row at Max Planck. Nature. 2003;422:460.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bergman R, Swenson J. Dynamics of supercooled water in confined geometry. Nature. 2000;403:283–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Behringer DC, Butler MJ, Shields JD. Ecology: avoidance of disease by social lobsters. Nature. 2006;441:421.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Demarest SJ, Martinez-Yamout M, Chung J, Chen H, Xu W, Dyson HJ, et al. Mutual synergistic folding in recruitment of CBP/p300 by p160 nuclear receptor coactivators. Nature. 2002;415:549–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Krichen S, Chaouachi J. Graph-Related Optimization and Decision Support Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Pan Z, Cheok AD, Müller W, Zhang X, Wong K, editors. Transactions on Edutainment IV. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bunkowski L, Hedstrom A. Violent Environment: Women and Frontier Coffey County, Kansas: 1855–1880. In: Farris DN, Davis MA, Compton DR, editors. Illuminating How Identities, Stereotypes and Inequalities Matter through Gender Studies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 55–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Globalization and Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. John Oliver Hilariously Interviews Stephen Hawking [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Acquisitions: OCC’s Procurement of Laser Printers is Proper but ADP Statutes Apply. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-87-17.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dhokar A. LabVIEW based simulation and animation for the vibration control of active mass damper [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rashbaum WK, Mueller B. Escaped Killer Is Fatally Shot in New York. New York Times. 2015 Jun 27;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobalization and Health
AbbreviationGlobal. Health
ISSN (online)1744-8603
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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