How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singer, P. W. (2011). Military robotics and ethics: a world of killer apps. Nature, 477(7365), 399–401.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allsop, D. J., & West, S. A. (2003). Life history: changing sex at the same relative body size. Nature, 425(6960), 783–784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, L., Leung, E. L.-H., & Tian, X. (2011). Perspective: The clinical trial barriers. Nature, 480(7378), S100.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Théry, M., Jiménez-Dalmaroni, A., Racine, V., Bornens, M., & Jülicher, F. (2007). Experimental and theoretical study of mitotic spindle orientation. Nature, 447(7143), 493–496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Griffin, P. M., Nembhard, H. B., DeFlitch, C. J., Bastian, N. D., Kang, H., & Muñoz, D. A. (2015). Healthcare Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Samarati, P., Yung, M., Martinelli, F., & Ardagna, C. A. (Eds.). (2009). Information Security: 12th International Conference, ISC 2009, Pisa, Italy, September 7-9, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5735). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Korhonen, K. (2011). Adopting Agile Practices in Teams with No Direct Programming Responsibility – A Case Study. In D. Caivano, M. Oivo, M. T. Baldassarre, & G. Visaggio (Eds.), Product-Focused Software Process Improvement: 12th International Conference, PROFES 2011, Torre Canne, Italy, June 20-22, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 30–43). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 24). How Much Room Do We Need To Supply The Entire World With Solar Electricity? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Special Education: Grant Programs Designed to Serve Children Ages 0-5 (No. GAO-02-394). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bogenreif, C. (2017). Rachmaninoff’s Sonata For Cello and Piano: A Staple in the Cello and Piano Repertoire (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, October 26). Trudging to Suffrage, On a Swiss Schedule. New York Times, p. C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Singer, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Allsop & West, 2003; Singer, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allsop & West, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Liu, Leung, & Tian, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Théry, Jiménez-Dalmaroni, Racine, Bornens, & Jülicher, 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Management
AbbreviationJ. Urban Manag.
ISSN (print)2226-5856

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