How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick, A. (2010). Campaigning for Chagas disease. Nature, 465(7301), S21-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yagi, K., & Yunes, N. (2013). I-Love-Q: unexpected universal relations for neutron stars and quark stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6144), 365–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayashi, K., Yoshida, K., & Matsui, Y. (2005). A histone H3 methyltransferase controls epigenetic events required for meiotic prophase. Nature, 438(7066), 374–378.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Song, Q., Zhang, N., Zhai, H., Liu, S., Gu, Z., Wang, K., Sun, S., Chen, Z., Li, M., & Xiao, S. (2014). The combination of high Q factor and chirality in twin cavities and microcavity chain. Scientific Reports, 4, 6493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thériault, M., & Rosiers, F. D. (2011). Modeling Urban Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
De Wulf, P., & Earnshaw, W. C. (Eds.). (2009). The Kinetochore: From Molecular Discoveries to Cancer Therapy. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakao, H. (2011). Simple Approaches for Constructing Metallic Nanoarrays on a Solid Surface. In M. Ohtsu (Ed.), Progress in Nanophotonics 1 (pp. 161–187). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 3). Headway Made Toward HIV Vaccine. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). District of Columbia: Extent to Which Schools Receive Available Federal Education Grants (HEHS-99-1). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huger Marsh, D. P. (2012). Perspectives of disciplinary problems and practices in elementary schools [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Taylor, K. (2015, March 19). Named Next President of N.Y.U., Oxford’s Leader Inherits Challenges. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petherick, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Petherick, 2010; Yagi & Yunes, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yagi & Yunes, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Hayashi et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Song et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Management
AbbreviationJ. Urban Manag.
ISSN (print)2226-5856

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