How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garboczi, D. N. (2005). Structural biology. “D” is not for diversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5719), 209–210.
A journal article with 2 authors
Herzog, R. W., & Ostrov, D. A. (2012). Immunology. A decorated virus cannot hide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6108), 748–749.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailey, S., Eliason, W. K., & Steitz, T. A. (2007). Structure of hexameric DnaB helicase and its complex with a domain of DnaG primase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5849), 459–463.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Iyer, V. R., Horak, C. E., Scafe, C. S., Botstein, D., Snyder, M., & Brown, P. O. (2001). Genomic binding sites of the yeast cell-cycle transcription factors SBF and MBF. Nature, 409(6819), 533–538.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak, H., Hoch, H.-U., & Füg, D. (2010). Stahltragwerke im Industriebau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ruggieri, F. (Ed.). (2014). Criminal Proceedings, Languages and the European Union: Linguistic and Legal Issues. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Okuda, H., Nakano, A., Suzuki, T., Hayakawa, S., & Inagaki, S. (2012). Multilayer Modeling of Driver Behavior Based on Hierarchical Mode Segmentation. In J. H. L. Hansen, P. Boyraz, K. Takeda, & H. Abut (Eds.), Digital Signal Processing for In-Vehicle Systems and Safety (pp. 57–70). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, July 7). Mongeese Cross Battle Lines for Love. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Productivity, Science and Technology: Keys to U.S. Economic Growth (No. 105610). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lackey, G. M. (2015). The efficacy of using a natural soil additive for the establishment, survival and diversity of native prairie and spontaneously colonizing plant communities on unirrigated green roofs in a humid subtropical climate [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2016, December 12). Large Funds Are Dropping Investments in Fossil Fuels. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garboczi, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Garboczi, 2005; Herzog & Ostrov, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Herzog & Ostrov, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Bailey et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Iyer et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Management
AbbreviationJ. Urban Manag.
ISSN (print)2226-5856

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