How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coleman, P. (2000). Superconductivity. On the verge of magnetism. Nature, 406(6796), 580–581.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, B. P., & Cowie, A. L. (2014). Long-term influence of biochar on native organic carbon mineralisation in a low-carbon clayey soil. Scientific Reports, 4, 3687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S. F., Huri, D. A., & Snyder, S. H. (2005). Inducible nitric oxide synthase binds, S-nitrosylates, and activates cyclooxygenase-2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5756), 1966–1970.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ahmadi, M., Bruschi, D. E., Sabín, C., Adesso, G., & Fuentes, I. (2014). Relativistic quantum metrology: exploiting relativity to improve quantum measurement technologies. Scientific Reports, 4, 4996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamczyk, B. (2017). Foundations of Electromagnetic Compatibility. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Anderson, R. E. (Ed.). (2015). World Suffering and Quality of Life (Vol. 56). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, J.-W., Shin, H.-K., Lee, J.-S., & Cheon, Y.-J. (2012). Development of LEON3-FT Processor Emulator for Flight Software Development and Test. In K. S. Thaung (Ed.), Advanced Information Technology in Education (pp. 33–40). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, May 30). Super-Earth Discovered Around Nearby Red Dwarf Star. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Aviation Security: TSA Has Completed Key Activities Associated with Implementing Secure Flight, but Additional Actions Are Needed to Mitigate Risks (GAO-09-292). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, D. (2017). Leadership Best Practices for Female Executives in the Information Technology Industry [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ahmed, A., & Semple, K. (2017, September 18). Hurricane Gains Force And Targets Caribbean. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coleman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Coleman, 2000; Singh & Cowie, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh & Cowie, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Kim et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ahmadi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Management
AbbreviationJ. Urban Manag.
ISSN (print)2226-5856

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