How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleppner, D. (2006). Physics. A more precise fine structure constant. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5786), 448–449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pahnke, K., & Zahn, R. (2005). Southern Hemisphere water mass conversion linked with North Atlantic climate variability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5716), 1741–1746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huffard, C. L., Boneka, F., & Full, R. J. (2005). Underwater bipedal locomotion by octopuses in disguise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5717), 1927.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nicastro, F., Zezas, A., Elvis, M., Mathur, S., Fiore, F., Cecchi-Pestellini, C., Burke, D., Drake, J., & Casella, P. (2003). The far-ultraviolet signature of the “missing” baryons in the Local Group of galaxies. Nature, 421(6924), 719–721.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemberger, P., & Morel, M. (2012). Managing Complexity of Information Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Flint, D. J. (2016). Contemporary Wine Marketing and Supply Chain Management: A Global Perspective (P. Signori & S. L. Golicic, Eds.). Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Ki, D.-H., & Jung, Y.-D. (2012). Atomic Processes in Dusty Plasmas. In V. Shevelko & H. Tawara (Eds.), Atomic Processes in Basic and Applied Physics (pp. 103–121). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 6). HIV Reappears In Second Baby Thought To Be Cured. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Transportation Programs: Challenges Facing the Department of Transportation and Congress (GAO-09-435T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saurage-Altenloh, S. M. (2017). The Measured Influence of Supplier CSR on Brand Performance Expectations in B2B Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., & Sanger, D. E. (2016, December 21). 3 Nations Meet for Syria Talks, Excluding U.S. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleppner, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kleppner, 2006; Pahnke & Zahn, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pahnke & Zahn, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Huffard et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nicastro et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Management
AbbreviationJ. Urban Manag.
ISSN (print)2226-5856

Other styles