How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angel, R. (2001). Future optical and infrared telescopes. Nature, 409(6818), 427–430.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barnes, W., & Sambles, R. (2004). Physics. Only skin deep. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5685), 785–786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Usdin, M., Guillerm, M., & Chirac, P. (2006). Neglected tests for neglected patients. Nature, 441(7091), 283–284.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Manzoni, G., Briquet, S., Risco-Castillo, V., Gaultier, C., Topçu, S., Ivănescu, M. L., Franetich, J.-F., Hoareau-Coudert, B., Mazier, D., & Silvie, O. (2014). A rapid and robust selection procedure for generating drug-selectable marker-free recombinant malaria parasites. Scientific Reports, 4, 4760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharpe, N. F., & Carter, R. F. (2005). Genetic Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Atallah, M., Li, X.-Y., & Zhu, B. (Eds.). (2011). Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2011, Jinhua, China, May 28-31, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 6681). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schiff, R., Sasson, A., Nuri, Y., & Ben-Artzi, E. (2016). The Efficiency of Metacognitive and Metalinguistic Awareness in Word Spelling Among Hebrew Speaking Children with SLI: An Intervention Study. In R. Schiff & R. M. Joshi (Eds.), Interventions in Learning Disabilities: A Handbook on Systematic Training Programs for Individuals with Learning Disabilities (pp. 67–89). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Management.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, October 20). Don’t Miss The Orionid Meteor Shower Tomorrow Night. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Tax Preparers: Oregon’s Regulatory Regime May Lead to Improved Federal Tax Return Accuracy and Provides a Possible Model for National Regulation (GAO-08-781). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woodworth, J. W. (2017). Secure Semantic Search over Encrypted Big Data in the Cloud [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi, S. (2013, November 10). Vanishing Acts. New York Times, BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angel, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Angel, 2001; Barnes & Sambles, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barnes & Sambles, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Usdin et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Manzoni et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Management
AbbreviationJ. Urban Manag.
ISSN (print)2226-5856

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