How to format your references using the Journal of Ecotourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ecotourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burkov, A. (2015). PHYSICS. Chiral anomaly without relativity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6259), 378–379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauleo, P. M., & Martino, J. R. (2009). The dawn of the particle astronomy era in ultra-high-energy cosmic rays. Nature, 458(7240), 847–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, S. D., McGinness, K. E., & Sauer, R. T. (2003). Structural biology. A glimpse into tmRNA-mediated ribosome rescue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 72–73.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fischler, W., Kong, P., Marella, S., & Scott, K. (2007). The detection of carbonation by the Drosophila gustatory system. Nature, 448(7157), 1054–1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen, J. (2005). Industrial Catalysis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gelbukh, A., Albornoz, Á. de, & Terashima-Marín, H. (Eds.). (2005). MICAI 2005: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 4th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Monterrey, Mexico, November 14-18, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3789). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, K., Lee, W.-H., Yu, K.-S., Lee, J.-Y., Ahn, S., & Chung, J.-W. (2008). Recovery Schemes for Fast Fault Recovery on GMPLS Network. In O. Gervasi, B. Murgante, A. Laganà, D. Taniar, Y. Mun, & M. L. Gavrilova (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2008: International Conference, Perugia, Italy, June 30– July 3, 2008, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 43–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ecotourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 2). Temporal Invisibility Cloak For Fiber Optic Communications Developed. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Federal Research: Lessons Learned from the Pilot Technology Access Program (RCED-95-212). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez, T. M. (2008). A quasi-experimental study of the relationship between school structure and student outcomes [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haskell, D. G. (2017, March 17). Springing Too Far Ahead. New York Times, SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burkov, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bauleo & Martino, 2009; Burkov, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauleo & Martino, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Moore et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fischler et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ecotourism
AbbreviationJ. Ecotourism
ISSN (print)1472-4049
ISSN (online)1747-7638
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles