How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ledford H. Liquid fuel synthesis: making it up as you go along. Nature. 2006;444:677–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Dauphas N, Kasting JF. Low pCO2 in the pore water, not in the Archean air. Nature. 2011;474:E2-3; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Otterbein LR, Graceffa P, Dominguez R. The crystal structure of uncomplexed actin in the ADP state. Science. 2001;293:708–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lisse CM, Christian DJ, Dennerl K, Meech KJ, Petre R, Weaver HA, et al. Charge exchange-induced X-ray emission from comet C/1999 S4 (LINEAR). Science. 2001;292:1343–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Harris C. Electricity Markets. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Liu W, Li Q, W.H. Lau R, editors. Advances in Web Based Learning – ICWL 2006: 5th International Conference, Penang, Malaysia, July 19-21, 2006. Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Boer J, Hoek A, Elzerman H. Social Desirability: Consumer Aspects. In: Aiking H, Boer J de, Vereijken J, editors. Sustainable Protein Production and Consumption: Pigs or Peas? Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 99–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Huge Galaxy Cluster Discovered By Citizen Scientists [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Problems And Progress Of The U.S. Army Materiel Command’s Automated Data Processing Service Center Concept. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974 Oct. Report No.: B-178806.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tovar L. Perceived life satisfaction of previously undocumented Latino immigrants [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Mueller B, McKINLEY JC Jr. Connecticut Death Penalty Law Is Unconstitutional, Top State Court Says. New York Times. 2015 Aug 14;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol. Res. Pract.
ISSN (online)2053-6844

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