How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stairs IH. Pulsars in binary systems: probing binary stellar evolution and general relativity. Science. 2004;304:547–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Petersen CP, Reddien PW. Smed-betacatenin-1 is required for anteroposterior blastema polarity in planarian regeneration. Science. 2008;319:327–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hansen SB, Tao X, MacKinnon R. Structural basis of PIP2 activation of the classical inward rectifier K+ channel Kir2.2. Nature. 2011;477:495–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schliehe C, Juarez BH, Pelletier M, Jander S, Greshnykh D, Nagel M, et al. Ultrathin PbS sheets by two-dimensional oriented attachment. Science. 2010;329:550–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rahman ROA, Rakhimov RZ, Rakhimova NR, Ojovan MI. Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Liu K-K, Atkinson L, Quiñones R, Talaue-McManus L, editors. Carbon and Nutrient Fluxes in Continental Margins: A Global Synthesis. 1st ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. ten Donkelaar HJ, Mullaart RA, Hori A, Shiota K. Neurulation and Neural Tube Defects. In: Lammens M, Hori A, editors. Clinical Neuroembryology: Development and Developmental Disorders of the Human Central Nervous System. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 145–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. A New Sporting Competition – Which Balls Are Most Affected By The Magnus Effect? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Strengthen Management of Its Statutorily Mandated Software and System Process Improvement Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Sep. Report No.: GAO-09-888.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mersch C. Campus-based drunk-driving intervention program: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hartocollis A. NYU Langone Restarts Emergency Room Damaged by Hurricane Sandy. New York Times. 2014 Apr 25;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol. Res. Pract.
ISSN (online)2053-6844

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