How to format your references using the Veterinary Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, F.S., 2010. Research agenda. Opportunities for research and NIH. Science 327, 36–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, M.R., Pearson, P.N., 2003. A 23,000-year record of surface water pH and PCO2 in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean. Science 300, 480–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
DasGupta, S., Ferreira, C.H., Miesenböck, G., 2014. FoxP influences the speed and accuracy of a perceptual decision in Drosophila. Science 344, 901–904.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ito, T., Wellmer, F., Yu, H., Das, P., Ito, N., Alves-Ferreira, M., Riechmann, J.L., Meyerowitz, E.M., 2004. The homeotic protein AGAMOUS controls microsporogenesis by regulation of SPOROCYTELESS. Nature 430, 356–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
May, V., Kühn, O., 2007. Charge and Energy Transfer Dynamics in Molecular Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Scheiner, S. (Ed.), 2015. Noncovalent Forces, Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Fortemps, P., Lowenthal, F., Wautié, V., 2014. Computer Simulations of Recursive Exercises for a Nonverbal Communication Device, in: Lowenthal, F., Lefebvre, L. (Eds.), Language and Recursion. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How DNA Is Helping Us Fight Back Against Pest Invasions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-dna-helping-us-fight-back-against-pest-invasions/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. K-12 Education: Internal Controls for Program Management and Oversight Can Help Ensure the Success of School Choice Programs (No. GAO-16-212T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munchel, B.F., 2015. Exploratory Study of Counseling Professionals’ Attitudes Toward Distance Clinical Supervision (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Cubs Send Nationals to Their Latest Early Exit. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Palmer and Pearson, 2003; Collins, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Pearson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ito et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Microbiology
AbbreviationVet. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0378-1135
ISSN (online)1873-2542
ScopeMicrobiology
General Medicine
General Veterinary

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