How to format your references using the Tropical Doctor citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Doctor. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kotov NA. Chemistry. Inorganic nanoparticles as protein mimics. Science 2010; 330: 188–189.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Krüger F, Ohrnberger M. Tracking the rupture of the Mw = 9.3 Sumatra earthquake over 1,150 km at teleseismic distance. Nature 2005; 435: 937–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bland-Hawthorn J, Harwit A, Harwit M. Astronomy. Laser telemetry from space. Science 2002; 297: 523.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Vinci W, Markström K, Boixo S, et al. Hearing the shape of the Ising model with a programmable superconducting-flux annealer. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 5703.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ahmad K. Sourcebook of ATM and IP Internetworking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
1.
Denaro L, D’Avella D, Denaro V (eds). Pitfalls in Cervical Spine Surgery: Avoidance and Management of Complications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Popper AN, Hawkins AD, Fay RR, et al. Classification of Fishes and Sea Turtles with Respect to Sound Exposure Risk. In: Hawkins AD, Fay RR, Mann DA, et al. (eds) ASA S3/SC1.4 TR-2014 Sound Exposure Guidelines for Fishes and Sea Turtles: A Technical Report prepared by ANSI-Accredited Standards Committee S3/SC1 and registered with ANSI. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 15–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Doctor.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Can Astronomy Explain The Biblical Star of Bethlehem? IFLScience, https://www.iflscience.com/space/can-astronomy-explain-biblical-star-bethlehem/ (2014, accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter: Management of the Technology Transfer Process. GAO-06-364, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 14 March 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sandoval V. Preventing chronic truancy among Latino high school students: A grant proposal. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Two Precincts, Two Worlds; East Flatbush: Stolen Cars, Murder in a Maroon Jeep. New York Times, 9 February 2003, p. 141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Doctor
AbbreviationTrop. Doct.
ISSN (print)0049-4755
ISSN (online)1758-1133
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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