How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernhardt, E. S. 2013. Ecology. Cleaner lakes are dirtier lakes. Science. 342: 205–206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vinnakota, R. K., and D. A. Genov. 2014. Terahertz optoelectronics with surface plasmon polariton diode. Sci. Rep. 4: 4899.
A journal article with 3 authors
Russo, R., H. J. Herrmann, and L. de Arcangelis. 2014. Brain modularity controls the critical behavior of spontaneous activity. Sci. Rep. 4: 4312.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kanbach, G., C. Straubmeier, H. C. Spruit, and T. Belloni. 2001. Correlated fast X-ray and optical variability in the black-hole candidate XTE J1118+480. Nature. 414: 180–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, K. R. 2011. Optimization Modeling with Spreadsheets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Koh, J. H. L. 2015. Design Thinking for Education: Conceptions and Applications in Teaching and Learning. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Hadzic, F., H. Tan, and T. S. Dillon. 2010. Tree Model Guided Framework, pp. 67–86. In Tan, H., Dillon, T.S. (eds.), Mining of Data with Complex Structures, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. Expedition Reveals How The Dinosaur-Killing Asteroid Shook And Shaped The Earth. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Forest Service: Status of Geographic Information System Acquisition ( No. IMTEC-89-27). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashrafzadeh, M. H. 2008. Provision of community services for the mentally challenged population in Iran (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. 2015. A Hilltop Museum, Legacy of a Trailblazing Architect. New York Times. CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernhardt 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bernhardt 2013, Vinnakota and Genov 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vinnakota and Genov 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kanbach et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0022-0493
ISSN (online)1938-291X
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine

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