How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta, S. 2015. Surgery: Diverse interventions. Nature. 526: S6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rudolph, M. L., and S. Zhong. 2013. Does quadrupole stability imply LLSVP fixity? Nature. 503: E3-4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szemenyei, H., M. Hannon, and J. A. Long. 2008. TOPLESS mediates auxin-dependent transcriptional repression during Arabidopsis embryogenesis. Science. 319: 1384–1386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Allen, A. E., C. L. Dupont, M. Oborník, A. Horák, A. Nunes-Nesi, J. P. McCrow, H. Zheng, D. A. Johnson, H. Hu, A. R. Fernie, and C. Bowler. 2011. Evolution and metabolic significance of the urea cycle in photosynthetic diatoms. Nature. 473: 203–207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferdjallah, M. 2011. Introduction to Digital Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chang, H. S. 2007. Simulation-based Algorithms for Markov Decision Processes, Communications and Control Engineering. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Tari, Z., A. K. A. Phan, M. Jayasinghe, and V. G. Abhaya. 2011. Network Traffic Optimisation, pp. 105–138. In Phan, A.K.A., Jayasinghe, M., Abhaya, V.G. (eds.), On the Performance of Web Services. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Why Do We Hiccup? IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. International Broadcasting: Downsizing and Relocating Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty ( No. NSIAD-95-53). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, P. M. 2012. Persistent Genomic Consequences of Prenatal Nicotine Exposure Measured in Adolescent Rat Brain (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belo, J. 2017. The Sanitation Worker’s Plight. New York Times. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gupta 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rudolph and Zhong 2013, Gupta 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rudolph and Zhong 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Allen et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0022-0493
ISSN (online)1938-291X
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine

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