How to format your references using the BMC Cardiovascular Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wang Q. China’s scientists must engage the public on GM. Nature. 2015;519:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Li J, Cheng J-X. Direct visualization of de novo lipogenesis in single living cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6807.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Leman L, Orgel L, Ghadiri MR. Carbonyl sulfide-mediated prebiotic formation of peptides. Science. 2004;306:283–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jiang H, Xu L, Wang Z, Keene J, Gu Z. Coordinating expression of RNA binding proteins with their mRNA targets. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sawant RJ. Infrastructure Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Meersman R, Panetto H, Dillon T, Missikoff M, Liu L, Pastor O, et al., editors. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2014 Conferences: Confederated International Conferences: CoopIS, and ODBASE 2014, Amantea, Italy, October 27-31, 2014, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gill PE, Saunders MA, Wong E. On the Performance of SQP Methods for Nonlinear Optimization. In: Defourny B, Terlaky T, editors. Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: MOPTA, Bethlehem, PA, USA, August 2014 Selected Contributions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 95–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Cardiovascular Disorders.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The 10 Stuff-Ups We All Make When Interpreting Research. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/10-stuff-ups-we-all-make-when-interpreting-research/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: DOT Has Opportunities to Improve Tracking and Reporting of Highway Spending. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lamanna SG. Colombian Spanish in North Carolina: The role of language and dialect contact in the formation of a new variety of U.S. Spanish. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wejchert M. Falling Off the Edge. New York Times. 2017;:A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
AbbreviationBMC Cardiovasc. Disord.
ISSN (online)1471-2261
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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