How to format your references using the European Journal for Philosophy of Religion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal for Philosophy of Religion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vijayan, M. 2001. “Obituary. G.N. Ramachandran (1922-2001)”. Nature 411, no. 6837: 544.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fehr, Ernst, and Bettina Rockenbach. 2003. “Detrimental Effects of Sanctions on Human Altruism”. Nature 422, no. 6928: 137–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klaholz, Bruno P., Alexander G. Myasnikov, and Marin Van Heel. 2004. “Visualization of Release Factor 3 on the Ribosome during Termination of Protein Synthesis”. Nature 427, no. 6977: 862–65.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gerstenberger, Matthew C., Stefan Wiemer, Lucile M. Jones, and Paul A. Reasenberg. 2005. “Real-Time Forecasts of Tomorrow’s Earthquakes in California”. Nature 435, no. 7040: 328–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welker, Roger W., R. Nagarajan, and Carl E. Newberg. 2005. Contamination and ESD Control in High-Technology Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Parinov, Ivan A., Shun-Hsyung Chang, and Vitaly Yu Topolov, eds. 2016. Advanced Materials: Manufacturing, Physics, Mechanics and Applications. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 175. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hadjiona, Maria, Chryssis Georgiou, Maria Papa, and Vasos Vassiliou. 2008. “A Hybrid Fault-Tolerant Algorithm for MPLS Networks”. In Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 6th International Conference, WWIC 2008 Tampere, Finland, May 28-30, 2008 Proceedings, edited by Jarmo Harju, Geert Heijenk, Peter Langendörfer, and Vasilios A. Siris, 41–52. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal for Philosophy of Religion.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Bubonic Plague Outbreak Spreads in Madagascar”. IFLScience. IFLScience. Last modified November 26, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. “Migrant Children: Education and HHS Need to Improve the Exchange of Participant Information”. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. HEHS-00-4.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro Deller, Emilce. 2013. “Recognizing Signs of Dementia: A Curriculum for Child Welfare Workers”. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “Ryan’s Gospel of Green Softens Sting of Defeat”. New York Times, January 26, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference M. Vijayan, “Obituary. G.N. Ramachandran (1922-2001)”, Nature 411, no. 6837 (2001)..
This sentence cites two references M. Vijayan, “Obituary. G.N. Ramachandran (1922-2001)”, Nature 411, no. 6837 (2001); Ernst Fehr and Bettina Rockenbach, “Detrimental Effects of Sanctions on Human Altruism”, Nature 422, no. 6928 (2003)..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Matthew C. Gerstenberger et al., “Real-Time Forecasts of Tomorrow’s Earthquakes in California”, Nature 435, no. 7040 (2005).

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal for Philosophy of Religion
ISSN (print)1689-8311

Other styles