How to format your references using the Journal of Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E., 2002. Fresh analyses put rice genomics on the map. Nature 420, 259.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gonnermann, H.M., Manga, M., 2003. Explosive volcanism may not be an inevitable consequence of magma fragmentation. Nature 426, 432–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knudson, M.D., Desjarlais, M.P., Dolan, D.H., 2008. Shock-wave exploration of the high-pressure phases of carbon. Science 322, 1822–1825.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
You, C., Ji, D., Dai, X., Wang, Y., 2014. Effects of Tet-mediated oxidation products of 5-methylcytosine on DNA transcription in vitro and in mammalian cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 7052.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes, D.J., 2008. Principles and Practice of Variable Pressure/Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (VP-ESEM). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Deraemaeker, A., Worden, K. (Eds.), 2010. New Trends in Vibration Based Structural Health Monitoring, CISM Courses and Lectures. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Jaramillo, F., Noboa, F., 2015. Impact of Servant Leadership on Ethical Climate, Supervisor Conflict, and Organizational Outcomes, in: Robinson, L., Jr. (Ed.), Marketing Dynamism & Sustainability: Things Change, Things Stay the Same…: Proceedings of the 2012 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 5–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Econometrics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Five Known Asteroids Will Give Earth A Close Shave in The Coming Year [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Computer Capacity: IRS Must Better Estimate Its Computer Resource Needs (No. IMTEC-87-5BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meyer, M.A., 2014. Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of the Mediterranean Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFORGIA, M., Eder, S., 2017. That Neighbor Who Grouses? Now President. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2002; Gonnermann and Manga, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gonnermann and Manga, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (You et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Econometrics
AbbreviationJ. Econom.
ISSN (print)0304-4076
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Mathematics

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