How to format your references using the Journal of Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bartram, J., 2008. Improving on haves and have-nots. Nature 452, 283–284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shindo, A., Wallingford, J.B., 2014. PCP and septins compartmentalize cortical actomyosin to direct collective cell movement. Science 343, 649–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watts, D.J., Dodds, P.S., Newman, M.E.J., 2002. Identity and search in social networks. Science 296, 1302–1305.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petersen, P.H., Zou, K., Hwang, J.K., Jan, Y.N., Zhong, W., 2002. Progenitor cell maintenance requires numb and numblike during mouse neurogenesis. Nature 419, 929–934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr, A., 2009. Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gautschi, H., 2016. Technological Innovation and Economic Transformation: A Method for Contextual Analysis. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Dunbar, J.S., 2006. Pleistocene–Early Holocene Climate Change: Chronostratigraphy and Geoclimate of the Southeast US, in: Webb, S.D. (Ed.), First Floridians and Last Mastodons: The Page-Ladson Site in the Aucilla River. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 103–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Econometrics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Hands On With Bloodhound: The 1,000 mph Car That Will Smash The Land Speed Record [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Federal Communications Commission: Regulatory Fee Process Needs to Be Updated (No. GAO-12-686). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, M., 2009. Industry - higher education partnerships: A case study analysis of learning together (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J., 2016. Creating a Safer Phone Battery (This One Won’t Catch Fire). New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petherick, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bentley, 2004; Ramirez, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shindo and Wallingford, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Siemens et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Econometrics
AbbreviationJ. Econom.
ISSN (print)0304-4076
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Mathematics

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