How to format your references using the Journal of Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollinger, J.M., Jr, 2008. Biochemistry. Electron relay in proteins. Science 320, 1730–1731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, C.-Y., Bard, A.J., 2002. Pressure-induced insulator conductor transition in a photoconducting organic liquid-crystal film. Nature 418, 162–164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lai, Y.-T., Cascio, D., Yeates, T.O., 2012. Structure of a 16-nm cage designed by using protein oligomers. Science 336, 1129.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, Y., Duan, X., Wei, Q., Lieber, C.M., 2001. Directed assembly of one-dimensional nanostructures into functional networks. Science 291, 630–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levander, C.F., 2013. Where is American Literature? Wiley Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Jüttler, B., Piene, R. (Eds.), 2008. Geometric Modeling and Algebraic Geometry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tahir, A., MacDonell, S., Buchan, J., 2015. A Study of the Relationship Between Class Testability and Runtime Properties, in: Maciaszek, L.A., Filipe, J. (Eds.), Evaluation of Novel Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, ENASE 2014, Lisbon, Portugal, April 28-30, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Econometrics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. King Coal Is Dethroned In The US – And That’s Good News For The Environment [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Energy and Science Reports and Testimony: 1992 (No. RCED-93-131). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker, C.M., 2010. End-stage renal disease patients and dialysis: Can consistent transportation influence quality of life and treatment compliance? A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr., Southall, A., Baker, A.L., 2017. In the South Bronx, Lives Derailed by Guns. New York Times A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bollinger, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bollinger, 2008; Liu and Bard, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Bard, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Econometrics
AbbreviationJ. Econom.
ISSN (print)0304-4076
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Mathematics

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