How to format your references using the Journal of Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
French, A.N., 2010. Chemistry. Clean, green chiral reactions--just add a salt. Science 328, 1365–1366.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schindler, D.E., Hilborn, R., 2015. Sustainability. Prediction, precaution, and policy under global change. Science 347, 953–954.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krauss, L.M., Dodelson, S., Meyer, S., 2010. Primordial gravitational waves and cosmology. Science 328, 989–992.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mastrogiovanni, D.D.T., Mayer, J., Wan, A.S., Vishnyakov, A., Neimark, A.V., Podzorov, V., Feldman, L.C., Garfunkel, E., 2014. Oxygen incorporation in rubrene single crystals. Sci. Rep. 4, 4753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bleistein, S., 2017. Rapid Organizational Change. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Potegal, M., Stemmler, G., Spielberger, C. (Eds.), 2010. International Handbook of Anger: Constituent and Concomitant Biological, Psychological, and Social Processes. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, X., Liu, S., Bao, J., Kang, K., 2016. Selective Laser Melting: Characteristics of IN718 Powder and Microstructures of Fabricated IN718 Sample, in: Carpenter, J.S., Bai, C., Escobedo, J.P., Hwang, J.-Y., Ikhmayies, S., Li, B., Li, J., Monteiro, S.N., Peng, Z., Zhang, M. (Eds.), Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Econometrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Three-Parent IVF May Gain FDA Approval [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Financial Literacy and Education Commission: Progress Made in Fostering Partnerships, but National Strategy Remains Largely Descriptive Rather Than Strategic (No. GAO-09-638T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wester, A.M., 2013. Readers’ trust, socio-demographic, and acuity influences in citizen journalism credibility for disrupted online newspapers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Astros Run Wild Against Syndergaard and d’Arnaud. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (French, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (French, 2010; Schindler and Hilborn, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schindler and Hilborn, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mastrogiovanni et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Econometrics
AbbreviationJ. Econom.
ISSN (print)0304-4076
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Mathematics

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