How to format your references using the Journal of Econometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Econometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V., 2004. Mapping opportunities. Nature 427, 376–377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo, M.E., Huybers, P., 2008. Unlocking the mysteries of the ice ages. Nature 451, 284–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weisz, C., Glowatzki, E., Fuchs, P., 2009. The postsynaptic function of type II cochlear afferents. Nature 461, 1126–1129.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rappas, M., Schumacher, J., Beuron, F., Niwa, H., Bordes, P., Wigneshweraraj, S., Keetch, C.A., Robinson, C.V., Buck, M., Zhang, X., 2005. Structural insights into the activity of enhancer-binding proteins. Science 307, 1972–1975.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, S., Liu, Y., 2011. Modeling and Simulation for Microelectronic Packaging Assembly. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Wimmers, P.F., Mentkowski, M. (Eds.), 2016. Assessing Competence in Professional Performance across Disciplines and Professions, Innovation and Change in Professional Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rezaizadeh, H., Olson, E., 2016. General GI Motility Disorders, in: Wu, G.Y. (Ed.), Pocket Handbook of GI Pharmacotherapeutics, Clinical Gastroenterology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 31–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Econometrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Premature Babies May Have A Higher Risk Of Developing Autism [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. USDA Telecommunications: Strong Leadership Needed to Resolve Management Weaknesses, Achieve Savings (No. AIMD-98-131). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams, A.W., 2013. Shepherd leadership of Church of God pastors and how this relates to ministerial effectiveness (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., 2017. In Era of Vitriol, Somber Duty Skids Into Spectacle. New York Times A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin, 2004; Raymo and Huybers, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymo and Huybers, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Rappas et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Econometrics
AbbreviationJ. Econom.
ISSN (print)0304-4076
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Mathematics

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