How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton, J. (2012). Clinical approval: Trials of an anticancer jab. Nature 488, S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aral, S., and Walker, D. (2012). Identifying influential and susceptible members of social networks. Science 337, 337–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, D. I., Toffel, M. W., and Johnson, M. S. (2012). Randomized government safety inspections reduce worker injuries with no detectable job loss. Science 336, 907–911.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Muñoz Caro, G. M., Meierhenrich, U. J., Schutte, W. A., Barbier, B., Arcones Segovia, A., Rosenbauer, H., et al. (2002). Amino acids from ultraviolet irradiation of interstellar ice analogues. Nature 416, 403–406.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, W. (2012). Do Species Exist?. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Morandi, A., and Nambi, A. N. N. eds. (2013). An Integrated View of Health and Well-being: Bridging Indian and Western Knowledge. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Amri, A. M. (2013). “Ethical Issues in Disclosing Bad News to Cancer Patients: Reflections of an Oncologist in Saudi Arabia,” in New Challenges in Communication with Cancer Patients, eds. A. Surbone, M. Zwitter, M. Rajer, and R. Stiefel (Boston, MA: Springer US), 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). 3D-Printed Heart Helps Save A Newborn Baby’s Life. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/3d-printed-heart-provided-roadmap-newborn-babys-surgery/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Air Traffic Control: FAA Uses Earned Value Techniques to Help Manage Information Technology Acquisitions, but Needs to Clarify Policy and Strengthen Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frieberg, A. (2008). The Project of Reconciliation: Journalists and religious activists in Polish -German relations, 1956–1972.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). Where 146 Died in a Fire, And a Union Was Born. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clayton, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Aral and Walker, 2012; Clayton, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aral and Walker, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Muñoz Caro et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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