How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Daily, G. C. (2001). Ecological forecasts. Nature 411, 245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fernandez, J. M., and Li, H. (2004). Force-clamp spectroscopy monitors the folding trajectory of a single protein. Science 303, 1674–1678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S., Ubel, P., and De Vries, R. (2009). Pruning the regulatory tree. Nature 457, 534–535.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Semaw, S., Simpson, S. W., Quade, J., Renne, P. R., Butler, R. F., McIntosh, W. C., et al. (2005). Early Pliocene hominids from Gona, Ethiopia. Nature 433, 301–305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radwanska, M., Stankiewicz, A., Wosatko, A., and Pamin, J. (2017). Plate and Shell Structures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cunha, A. ed. (2013). Topics in Dynamics of Bridges, Volume 3: Proceedings of the 31st IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2013. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aunio, P., Tapola, A., Mononen, R., and Niemivirta, M. (2016). “Early Mathematics Skill Development, Low Performance, and Parental Support in the Finnish Context,” in Early Childhood Mathematics Skill Development in the Home Environment, eds. B. Blevins-Knabe and A. M. B. Austin (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 51–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Food Puzzles Makes Cats Healthier, Calmer, And Less Aggressive. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Telecommunications: Issues Related to Competition and Subscriber Rates in the Cable Television Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kreisel, M. (2015). Gabor frames for quasicrystals and K-theory.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Headscarves Banned From ID Photos. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Daily, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Daily, 2001; Fernandez and Li, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fernandez and Li, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Semaw et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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