How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cannon, B. (2014). Microbiology: Resistance fighters. Nature 509, S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuncel, N. R., and Hezlett, S. A. (2007). Assessment. Standardized tests predict graduate students’ success. Science 315, 1080–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, X., Parker, D., and Singh, D. J. (2013). Importance of non-parabolic band effects in the thermoelectric properties of semiconductors. Sci. Rep. 3, 3168.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Royant, A., Edman, K., Ursby, T., Pebay-Peyroula, E., Landau, E. M., and Neutze, R. (2000). Helix deformation is coupled to vectorial proton transport in the photocycle of bacteriorhodopsin. Nature 406, 645–648.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ventre, D. (2016). Information Warfare. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Krickeberg, K. (2012). Epidemiology: Key to Prevention. , eds. V. T. Pham and T. M. H. Pham New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Assali, A. A., Lenne, D., and Debray, B. (2010). “Heterogeneity in Ontological CBR Systems,” in Successful Case-based Reasoning Applications - I Studies in Computational Intelligence., eds. S. Montani and L. C. Jain (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 97–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). Planet-Devouring Star Tells Us What Rocky Planets Are Made Of. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Commitments but Current Technical, Cost, and Schedule Challenges Could Affect Continued Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanchez, Y. (2012). Effectiveness of parent-child interaction therapy for Latino families: A secondary analysis of existing data.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010). Warhol, Target: It’s All Good. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cannon, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kuncel and Hezlett, 2007; Cannon, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuncel and Hezlett, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Royant et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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