How to format your references using the Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Election returns. Nature 432, 417.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., and Norman, C. (2011). 2010 Visualization Challenge. Science 331, 847–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelkmans, L., Püntener, D., and Helenius, A. (2002). Local actin polymerization and dynamin recruitment in SV40-induced internalization of caveolae. Science 296, 535–539.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fujita, Y., Furushima, R., Ohno, H., Sagawa, F., and Inoue, T. (2014). Cell-surface receptor control that depends on the size of a synthetic equilateral-triangular RNA-protein complex. Sci. Rep. 4, 6422.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gywat, O., Krenner, H. J., and Berezovsky, J. (2009). Spins in Optically Active Quantum Dots. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Magnenat-Thalmann, N., Zhang, J. J., and Feng, D. D. eds. (2009). Recent Advances in the 3D Physiological Human. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, L., and Zhang, B. (2007). “Quotient Space Based Multi-granular Analysis,” in Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: Second International Conference, KSEM 2007, Melbourne, Australia, November 28-30, 2007. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. Z. Zhang and J. Siekmann (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 17–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Antibiotic-resistant Microbes Discovered In African Wildlife. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/antibiotic-resistant-microbes-discovered-african-wildlife/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Aviation Security: Status of TSA’s Acquisition of Technology for Screening Passenger Identification and Boarding Passes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi, Y. (2012). Three essays on econometrics.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008). Justices Narrow Money-Laundering Law. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Nesbit and Norman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit and Norman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujita et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Experimental Pharmacology and Drug Discovery
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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