How to format your references using the Journal of Eating Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Eating Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rice M. Physics. Superfluid helium-3 has a metallic partner. Science. 2004;306:1142–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Baker PJ, Wilson JS. Plant ecology: Coexistence of tropical tree species. Nature. 2003;422:581–2; discussion 852.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Weisbuch M, Pauker K, Ambady N. The subtle transmission of race bias via televised nonverbal behavior. Science. 2009;326:1711–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Taga ME, Larsen NA, Howard-Jones AR, Walsh CT, Walker GC. BluB cannibalizes flavin to form the lower ligand of vitamin B12. Nature. 2007;446:449–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kushner R, Lawrence V, Kumar S. Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1. Winterbottom A, Tesfaye F, editors. Histories of Medicine and Healing in the Indian Ocean World: The Modern Period. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shen B, Stephansson O, Rinne M. Modelling Time Dependency. In: Stephansson O, Rinne M, editors. Modelling Rock Fracturing Processes: A Fracture Mechanics Approach Using FRACOD. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 39–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Eating Disorders.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. US Military Screwed Up And Accidentally Sent Live Anthrax to Labs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration’s Computer Systems Modernization Effort May Not Achieve Planned Objectives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-85-16.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Stahl-Kovell DW. Reimagining red power: Native American community, activism, and academics in postwar America [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Loomis G. Baroque Opera at the Ambronay Festival. New York Times. 2012 Oct 2;0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Eating Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Eat. Disord.
ISSN (online)2050-2974
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Behavioral Neuroscience
Nutrition and Dietetics

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