How to format your references using the China Journal of Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C. Genomics: getting down to details. Nature. 2005 Jun 16;435(7044):991–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kent DV, Tauxe L. Corrected Late Triassic latitudes for continents adjacent to the North Atlantic. Science. 2005 Jan 14;307(5707):240–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
West M, Sánchez JJ, McNutt SR. Periodically triggered seismicity at Mount Wrangell, Alaska, after the Sumatra earthquake. Science. 2005 May 20;308(5725):1144–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Santos-Rosa H, Schneider R, Bannister AJ, Sherriff J, Bernstein BE, Emre NCT, et al. Active genes are tri-methylated at K4 of histone H3. Nature. 2002 Sep 26;419(6905):407–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wei J. Great Inventions that Changed the World. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Kalia S, Fu S-Y, editors. Polymers at Cryogenic Temperatures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Beccuti M, Franceschinis G, Kaâniche M, Kanoun K. Multi-level Dependability Modeling of Interdependencies between the Electricity and Information Infrastructures. In: Setola R, Geretshuber S, editors. Critical Information Infrastructure Security: Third International Workshop, CRITIS 2008, Rome, Italy, October13-15, 2008. Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Economic Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA Will Be Making A Big Announcement On Tuesday. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Incomplete Data and Funding Approach Increase Cost Risk for Upgrade Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 May. Report No.: NSIAD-94-23.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson K. An Introduction to the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Applications to Survival Analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Big Setback For Wright; Season Ends For Cespedes. New York Times. 2017 Aug 29;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kent and Tauxe 2005; Smith 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kent and Tauxe 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Santos-Rosa et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Economic Research
ISSN (online)2199-4722

Other styles