How to format your references using the China Journal of Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adami C. Evolution. Reducible complexity. Science. 2006 Apr 7;312(5770):61–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mongiat LA, Schinder AF. Neuroscience. A price to pay for adult neurogenesis. Science. 2014 May 9;344(6184):594–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
West SA, Pen I, Griffin AS. Cooperation and competition between relatives. Science. 2002 Apr 5;296(5565):72–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Isshiki M, Irifune T, Hirose K, Ono S, Ohishi Y, Watanuki T, et al. Stability of magnesite and its high-pressure form in the lowermost mantle. Nature. 2004 Jan 1;427(6969):60–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Larminat P. Climate Change. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Canuto C. Mathematical Analysis II. Second Edition. Tabacco A, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Combes C, Azema J. Inference of Markov Chain Models by Using k-Testable Language: Application on Aging People. In: Nguyen NT, Kowalczyk R, Fred A, Joaquim F, editors. Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XVII. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 89–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Economic Research.

Blog post
Fang J. One Bacteria Species Became Two While Inside An Insect. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Ticketing: Impact of Changes in the Airline Ticket Distribution Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jul. Report No.: GAO-03-749.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett MA. The Underrepresentation of Registered Nurses in Hospital CEO Positions: A Grounded Theory Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices to Say When Police Can Enter Private Home. New York Times. 2006 Jan 7;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adami 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Adami 2006; Mongiat and Schinder 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mongiat and Schinder 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Isshiki et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Economic Research
ISSN (online)2199-4722

Other styles