How to format your references using the China Journal of Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tittensor DP. Ecology: Ecosystem vulnerability to ocean warming. Nature. 2015 Dec 3;528(7580):43–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu L, Lenardo MJ. Immunology. The paracaspase connection. Science. 2003 Nov 28;302(5650):1515–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cappellini E, Collins MJ, Gilbert MTP. Biochemistry. Unlocking ancient protein palimpsests. Science. 2014 Mar 21;343(6177):1320–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Han Z, Tang Z, Shen S, Zhao B, Zheng G, Yang J. Strengthening of graphene aerogels with tunable density and high adsorption capacity towards Pb2+. Sci. Rep. 2014 May 22;4:5025.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young S, Bramham J. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for ADHD in Adolescents and Adults. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Diduch DR, Brunt LM, editors. Sports Hernia and Athletic Pubalgia: Diagnosis and Treatment. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Kechagias D, Laspas F. Imaging of Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms. In: Sakorafas GH, Smyrniotis V, Sarr MG, editors. Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms: From Imaging to Differential Diagnosis and Management. Milano: Springer; 2015. p. 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Economic Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. The Europa Lander Isn’t Completely Dead Just Yet [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Education: The Eisenhower Math and Science State Grant Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Nov. Report No.: HRD-93-25.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Navarro C. Advocacy services for high-risk Latino families caring for children with autism: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roach M. The Mouth’s Guard. New York Times. 2013 Mar 26;D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tittensor 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Tittensor 2015; Yu and Lenardo 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu and Lenardo 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Economic Research
ISSN (online)2199-4722

Other styles