How to format your references using the Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luntz, A.C.: Chemistry. Toward vibrational mode control in catalysis. Science. 302, 70–71 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellars, P., French, J.C.: Tenfold population increase in Western Europe at the Neandertal-to-modern human transition. Science. 333, 623–627 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Leitch, D.B., Sarko, D.K., Catania, K.C.: Brain mass and cranial nerve size in shrews and moles. Sci. Rep. 4, 6241 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Treiner, E., Duban, L., Bahram, S., Radosavljevic, M., Wanner, V., Tilloy, F., Affaticati, P., Gilfillan, S., Lantz, O.: Selection of evolutionarily conserved mucosal-associated invariant T cells by MR1. Nature. 422, 164–169 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond, D.: Trading as a Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Mutondo, J.: Water Governance Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa: Between Myth and Reality. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Armando, A., Bonacina, M.P., Ranise, S., Schulz, S.: On a Rewriting Approach to Satisfiability Procedures: Extension, Combination of Theories and an Experimental Appraisal. In: Gramlich, B. (ed.) Frontiers of Combining Systems: 5th International Workshop, FroCoS 2005, Vienna, Austria, September 19-21, 2005. Proceedings. pp. 65–80. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Ex-NASA Engineer Joins Uber To Develop Flying Car,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: School Finance: Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson, C.L.: Hispanic female undergraduates perception of nursing as a career choice: A phenomenological study, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J.: Looking at, and Beyond, a Lifetime of Anxiety, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dynamics and Differential Equations
AbbreviationJ. Dynam. Differential Equations
ISSN (print)1040-7294
ISSN (online)1572-9222

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