How to format your references using the Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations (J Dyn Diff Equat). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A.: SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION: NASA Blasted for Rising Costs, Cancellations. Science. 290, 1666a (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Meyer, J.R., Kassen, R.: The effects of competition and predation on diversification in a model adaptive radiation. Nature. 446, 432–435 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsakmakidis, K.L., Boardman, A.D., Hess, O.: “Trapped rainbow” storage of light in metamaterials. Nature. 450, 397–401 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hofer, S.B., Mrsic-Flogel, T.D., Bonhoeffer, T., Hübener, M.: Experience leaves a lasting structural trace in cortical circuits. Nature. 457, 313–317 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, N.H., Wong, H.Y.: Simulation Techniques in Financial Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2006)
An edited book
Dzemyda, G.: Multidimensional Data Visualization: Methods and Applications. Springer, New York, NY (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Ben-Zvi, I., Lidar, M., Giat, E., Kukuy, O., Zafrir, Y., Grossman, C., Rosman, Y., Livneh, A.: Clinical Picture in Adulthood and Unusual and Peculiar Clinical Features of FMF. In: Gattorno, M. (ed.) Familial Mediterranean Fever. pp. 47–80. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: We’ve Found A new Family Of Stars In The Milky Way That Could Help Us Work Out How Galaxies Formed,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Noise: Costs of Phasing Out Noisy Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tiedemann-Fuller, P.M.: A descriptive Rorschach study of children who have experienced chronic complex abuse, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C.: A Milkman Returns, Emotional as Ever, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dynamics and Differential Equations
AbbreviationJ. Dynam. Differential Equations
ISSN (print)1040-7294
ISSN (online)1572-9222

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