How to format your references using the Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shalala, D.E.: Retrospective. Bernadine Healy (1944-2011). Science. 333, 1836 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bostwick, K.S., Prum, R.O.: Courting bird sings with stridulating wing feathers. Science. 309, 736 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonabeau, E., Dorigo, M., Theraulaz, G.: Inspiration for optimization from social insect behaviour. Nature. 406, 39–42 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jung, U., Lee, Y.G., Kang, C.G., Lee, S., Kim, J.J., Hwang, H.J., Lim, S.K., Ham, M.-H., Lee, B.H.: Quantitatively estimating defects in graphene devices using discharge current analysis method. Sci. Rep. 4, 4886 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huber, P.J.: Data Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Potylitsyn, A.P.: Diffraction Radiation from Relativistic Particles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Pol, L.G., Thomas, R.K.: Population Composition. In: Thomas, R.K. (ed.) The Demography of Health and Healthcare: Third Edition. pp. 65–89. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Scientists Just Dealt A Major Blow To The Search For Life,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: Many Broadcasters Will Not Meet May 2002 Digital Television Deadline. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sontag, M.: Emotion and the Labeling Process, (2006)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witz, B.: All Kidding Aside, Alderson and Mets Sign Tebow to Minor League Deal, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dynamics and Differential Equations
AbbreviationJ. Dynam. Differential Equations
ISSN (print)1040-7294
ISSN (online)1572-9222

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