How to format your references using the Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dunlop, J.S.: The cosmic history of star formation. Science. 333, 178–181 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasare, C., Medzhitov, R.: Control of B-cell responses by Toll-like receptors. Nature. 438, 364–368 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, T.-H., Bhunia, S., Mehregany, M.: Electromechanical computing at 500 degrees C with silicon carbide. Science. 329, 1316–1318 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hong, W., Liang, F., Schaak, D., Loncar, M., Quan, Q.: Nanoscale label-free bioprobes to detect intracellular proteins in single living cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 6179 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Demand, N.H.: The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Sorokin, A., Murphey, R., Thai, M.T., Pardalos, P.M. eds: Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundations. Springer, New York, NY (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Berardo, J.C.M., Becker, B.B.: Brazil. In: Kilpatrick, B., Kobel, P., and Këllezi, P. (eds.) Compatibility of Transactional Resolutions of Antitrust Proceedings with Due Process and Fundamental Rights & Online Exhaustion of IP Rights. pp. 135–154. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Circadian Rhythms And Sleep Loss: What Happens In Your Brain When You Pull An All-Nighter?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Finanzas del Consumidor: Factores que Afectan la Educacion Financiera de las Personas con Conocimientos Limitados del Ingles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2010)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, V.M.: A phenomenological study factors African American female college students face participating in engineering STEM majors, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: College Athletes Move Concussions Into the Courtroom, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dynamics and Differential Equations
AbbreviationJ. Dynam. Differential Equations
ISSN (print)1040-7294
ISSN (online)1572-9222

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