How to format your references using the Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnstone, R.A.: The evolution of inaccurate mimics. Nature. 418, 524–526 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Knohl, A., Veldkamp, E.: Global change: indirect feedbacks to rising CO2. Nature. 475, 177–178 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Core, L.J., Waterfall, J.J., Lis, J.T.: Nascent RNA sequencing reveals widespread pausing and divergent initiation at human promoters. Science. 322, 1845–1848 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Van Raamsdonk, C.D., Bezrookove, V., Green, G., Bauer, J., Gaugler, L., O’Brien, J.M., Simpson, E.M., Barsh, G.S., Bastian, B.C.: Frequent somatic mutations of GNAQ in uveal melanoma and blue naevi. Nature. 457, 599–602 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Muccini, M., Toffanin, S.: Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Tanaka, K., Niki, Y., Kokaze, A. eds: Current Topics of Infectious Diseases in Japan and Asia. Springer Japan, Tokyo (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Kocmanová, A., Dočekalová, M., Luňáček, J.: PROMETHEE-GAIA Method as a Support of the Decision-Making Process in Evaluating Technical Facilities. In: Hřebíček, J., Schimak, G., Kubásek, M., and Rizzoli, A.E. (eds.) Environmental Software Systems. Fostering Information Sharing: 10th IFIP WG 5.11 International Symposium, ISESS 2013, Neusiedl am See, Austria, October 9-11, 2013. Proceedings. pp. 44–53. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Half Of All Flying Fox Species Are At Risk Of Extinction,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Shuttle: Declining Budget and Tight Schedule Could Jeopardize Space Station Support. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Migues, K.P.: A Qualitative Exploration of Retention of Experienced Teachers: Why Do They Stay?, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: Village Moves to Deter Illegal Housing, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dynamics and Differential Equations
AbbreviationJ. Dynam. Differential Equations
ISSN (print)1040-7294
ISSN (online)1572-9222

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