How to format your references using the Medicina citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicina. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Xie XS. Biochemistry. Enzyme kinetics, past and present. Science 2013;342:1457–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Koren I, Feingold G. Adaptive behavior of marine cellular clouds. Sci Rep 2013;3:2507.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Atsumi S, Hanai T, Liao JC. Non-fermentative pathways for synthesis of branched-chain higher alcohols as biofuels. Nature 2008;451:86–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Judson H, Hayward BE, Sheridan E, Bonthron DT. A global disorder of imprinting in the human female germ line. Nature 2002;416:539–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Forshaw M. Understanding Headaches and Migraines. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Grant VJ, Cheng A, editors. Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation: Pediatrics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Harik V. New Trends in Nanoscale Mechanics of Nanostructures, Graphene Sheets and Nanocomposites. In: Harik V, editor. Trends in Nanoscale Mechanics: Mechanics of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, Nanocomposites and Molecular Dynamics, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 141–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicina.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Ash Borer Trapped By Quest For Sex. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/ash-borer-trapped-quest-sex/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Farmers Home Administration’s ADP Development Project--Current Status and Unresolved Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bockler T. Legal advocacy program for low-income children with disabilities: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kishkovsky S, Barry E. At Bolshoi, Regrets And a New Appointment. New York Times 2013:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicina
AbbreviationMedicina (Kaunas)
ISSN (print)1010-660X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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