How to format your references using the Medicina citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicina. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Fei Y. Geophysics. Melting Earth’s core. Science 2013;340:442–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Paerl HW, Huisman J. Climate. Blooms like it hot. Science 2008;320:57–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lan R, Irvine JTS, Tao S. Synthesis of ammonia directly from air and water at ambient temperature and pressure. Sci Rep 2013;3:1145.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zuo JM, Vartanyants I, Gao M, Zhang R, Nagahara LA. Atomic resolution imaging of a carbon nanotube from diffraction intensities. Science 2003;300:1419–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dean JR. Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy: Dean/Plasma. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Lee PJ, Cheon JH, editors. Information Security and Cryptology – ICISC 2008: 11th International Conference, Seoul, Korea, December 3-5, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 5461. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ferrari A, Reverberi S, Benedetti MG. Deformità in cavismo del piede. In: Reverberi S, Benedetti MG, editors. L’arto inferiore nella paralisi cerebrale infantile: Semeiotica e chirurgia funzionale, Milano: Springer; 2013, p. 111–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicina.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. John Nash And His Contribution To Game Theory And Economics. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Protest of Army Contract Award for ADP Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Frederique NP. The effectiveness of school based intensive probation for reducing recidivism: An evaluation of Maryland’s Spotlight on Schools program. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Mets Thank Troops In a Meaningful Setting. New York Times 2011:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicina
AbbreviationMedicina (Kaunas)
ISSN (print)1010-660X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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