How to format your references using the Medicina citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicina. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Codispoti LA. Oceans. Interesting times for marine N2O. Science 2010;327:1339–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Marcus A, Oransky I. Science publishing: The paper is not sacred. Nature 2011;480:449–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Pfanner N, Wiedemann N, Meisinger C. Cell biology. Double membrane fusion. Science 2004;305:1723–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Pine DJ, Gollub JP, Brady JF, Leshansky AM. Chaos and threshold for irreversibility in sheared suspensions. Nature 2005;438:997–1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Krysinski T, Malburet F. Mechanical Instability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Gil Chaves ID. Process Analysis and Simulation in Chemical Engineering. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Duhovnik J, Demšar I, Drešar P. 3D-Modelling Software Packages. In: Demsar I, Drešar P, editors. Space Modeling with SolidWorks and NX, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 71–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicina.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Stephen Hawking’s Interstellar Mission To Alpha Centauri Gets Help From NASA To Deal With Radiation. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/stephen-hawking-interstellar-mission-alpha-centauri-nasa-radiation/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Choices and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Okafor-Dike LC. The effect of leadership on economic development: A case study of Nigeria. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. New York Comic Con Takes On Scalpers. New York Times 2016:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicina
AbbreviationMedicina (Kaunas)
ISSN (print)1010-660X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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