How to format your references using the Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2000). Pushing the frontiers of interdisciplinary research: an idea whose time has come. Nature, 404(6775), 313–315.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, H.-L., & Lai, T. W. (2014). Optimization of Evans blue quantitation in limited rat tissue samples. Scientific Reports, 4, 6588.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gao, G., Guo, X., & Goff, S. P. (2002). Inhibition of retroviral RNA production by ZAP, a CCCH-type zinc finger protein. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5587), 1703–1706.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Menon, S., Hansen, J., Nazarenko, L., & Luo, Y. (2002). Climate effects of black carbon aerosols in China and India. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5590), 2250–2253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen, C. (2013). Business Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sakurai, T. (Ed.). (2008). The Hinode Mission. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rangnekar, A., & LaBean, T. H. (2014). Tile-Based DNA Nano-assemblies. In J. Kjems, E. Ferapontova, & K. V. Gothelf (Eds.), Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology (pp. 71–92). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 16). How Your Parent’s Lifespan Affects Your Health. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1969). Review of Selected Aspects of The Management and Operation of Tracking and Data Acquisition Stations at Goldstone, California (D12925). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker, C. M. (2010). End-stage renal disease patients and dialysis: Can consistent transportation influence quality of life and treatment compliance? A grant writing project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Phillips-Sandy, M. (2013, December 28). Follow Me, Follow My Mom. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon, 2000; Wang & Lai, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Lai, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Gao et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Menon et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contextual Behavioral Science
AbbreviationJ. Contextual Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)2212-1447
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Behavioral Neuroscience
Applied Psychology
Health(social science)

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