How to format your references using the Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ke, D.-G. (2013). Unifying complexity and information. Scientific Reports, 3, 1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fedorka, K. M., & Mousseau, T. A. (2004). Female mating bias results in conflicting sex-specific offspring fitness. Nature, 429(6987), 65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whiteus, C., Freitas, C., & Grutzendler, J. (2014). Perturbed neural activity disrupts cerebral angiogenesis during a postnatal critical period. Nature, 505(7483), 407–411.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Michael, T. P., Salomé, P. A., Yu, H. J., Spencer, T. R., Sharp, E. L., McPeek, M. A., Alonso, J. M., Ecker, J. R., & McClung, C. R. (2003). Enhanced fitness conferred by naturally occurring variation in the circadian clock. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5647), 1049–1053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paoluzzi, A., Pascucci, V., Vicentino, M., Baldazzi, C., & Portuesi, S. (2005). Geometric Programming for Computer-Aided Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Krolak-Schwerdt, S., Glock, S., & Böhmer, M. (Eds.). (2014). Teachers’ Professional Development: Assessment, Training, and Learning. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaxiola, F., Melin, P., & Valdez, F. (2014). Neural Network with Fuzzy Weights Using Type-1 and Type-2 Fuzzy Learning with Gaussian Membership Functions. In O. Castillo, P. Melin, W. Pedrycz, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Recent Advances on Hybrid Approaches for Designing Intelligent Systems (pp. 51–65). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 6). Evidence Of An Ancient Mega-Flood On Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Hazardous Waste: Problems and Cleanup Efforts at an FAA Facility in Oklahoma City (RCED-88-113FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibson, J. J. (2017). An Assessment of Factors Relating to High School Students’ Science Self-Efficacy [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, May 5). Family of Seau Decides To Give Brain for Study. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ke, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fedorka & Mousseau, 2004; Ke, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fedorka & Mousseau, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Whiteus et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Michael et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contextual Behavioral Science
AbbreviationJ. Contextual Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)2212-1447
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Behavioral Neuroscience
Applied Psychology
Health(social science)

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