How to format your references using the Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weir, K. (2015). Microbiology: Inflammatory evidence. Nature, 528(7582), S130-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sakaguchi, S., & Powrie, F. (2007). Emerging challenges in regulatory T cell function and biology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 627–629.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bennett, M. J., Lebrón, J. A., & Bjorkman, P. J. (2000). Crystal structure of the hereditary haemochromatosis protein HFE complexed with transferrin receptor. Nature, 403(6765), 46–53.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kamanu, T. K. K., Radovanovic, A., Archer, J. A. C., & Bajic, V. B. (2013). Exploration of miRNA families for hypotheses generation. Scientific Reports, 3, 2940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanders, S. (2015). Seizures in Dogs and Cats. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Peh Lu, C. (2013). Organization Design for International Construction Business. (P. Low Sui, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boel, R., & Marinică, N. (2015). Leader–Follower Coordination Control for Urban Traffic. In J. H. van Schuppen & T. Villa (Eds.), Coordination Control of Distributed Systems (pp. 35–44). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, August 28). Cranes Are Reluctant To Fly In The Fog. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Information Technology Utilization by the Federal Government (No. T-IMTEC-89-9). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Piekielek, J. A. (2009). Public wildlands at the U.S.-Mexico border: Where conservation, migration, and border enforcement collide (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008, September 28). Cortlandt to Offer Plan To Lower Fuel Oil Costs. New York Times, p. WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weir, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sakaguchi & Powrie, 2007; Weir, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sakaguchi & Powrie, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Bennett, Lebrón, & Bjorkman, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kamanu, Radovanovic, Archer, & Bajic, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contextual Behavioral Science
AbbreviationJ. Contextual Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)2212-1447
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Behavioral Neuroscience
Applied Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles