How to format your references using the Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gormley, W. T., Jr. (2011). From science to policy in early childhood education. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), 978–981.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, M. R., & Caron, J.-B. (2015). Hallucigenia’s head and the pharyngeal armature of early ecdysozoans. Nature, 523(7558), 75–78.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L., Leid, M., & Rothenberg, E. V. (2010). An early T cell lineage commitment checkpoint dependent on the transcription factor Bcl11b. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5987), 89–93.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hiasa, M., Miyaji, T., Haruna, Y., Takeuchi, T., Harada, Y., Moriyama, S., … Moriyama, Y. (2014). Identification of a mammalian vesicular polyamine transporter. Scientific Reports, 4, 6836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Faticoni, T. G. (2006). The Mathematics of Infinity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Volkov, A. G. (Ed.). (2012). Plant Electrophysiology: Methods and Cell Electrophysiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mays, R. W. (2015). Clinical Development of MultiStem® for Treatment of Injuries and Diseases of the Central Nervous System. In D. C. Hess (Ed.), Cell Therapy for Brain Injury (pp. 47–63). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 16). Watch This Year’s “Firefall’’ Light Up Yosemite Once Again.” Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). [Response to Request for Comments on Federal Contribution to Corporation for Public Broadcasting] (No. B-221498.46). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pratt, J. E. (2014). Investigating educational systems, leadership, and school culture: A holistic approach (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmitt, E., & Bradsher, K. (2017, August 21). After Pair of Crashes in 2 Months, Navy Will Pause for Safety Check. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hayashi, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenberg, 2009; Jackson, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith & Caron, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Li, Leid, & Rothenberg, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kwon et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contextual Behavioral Science
AbbreviationJ. Contextual Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)2212-1447
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Behavioral Neuroscience
Applied Psychology
Health(social science)

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