How to format your references using the Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buston P (2003) Social hierarchies: size and growth modification in clownfish. Nature 424:145–146
A journal article with 2 authors
Shi Q, King RW (2005) Chromosome nondisjunction yields tetraploid rather than aneuploid cells in human cell lines. Nature 437:1038–1042
A journal article with 3 authors
Richland LE, Zur O, Holyoak KJ (2007) Mathematics. Cognitive supports for analogies in the mathematics classroom. Science 316:1128–1129
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kapitaniak M, Lazarek M, Nielaczny M, et al (2014) Synchronization extends the life time of the desired behavior of globally coupled systems. Sci Rep 4:4391

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman SH (2014) ESD. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, United Kingdom
An edited book
Ogata K, Lawford M, Liu S (2016) Formal Methods and Software Engineering: 18th International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods, ICFEM 2016, Tokyo, Japan, November 14-18, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gigengack F, Jiang X, Dawood M, Schäfers KP (2015) Further Developments in PET Motion Correction. In: Jiang X, Dawood M, Schäfers KP (eds) Motion Correction in Thoracic Positron Emission Tomography. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 75–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) The Greatest Taboo? The Surprising Truth Of What The Bible Says About Incest. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: Slower Than Expected Progress in Software Testing May Limit Initial Warfighting Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore AM (2010) Assessing the demand for simplified stormwater modeling tools within the design profession to facilitate the adoption of sustainable stormwater practices. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2016) Review: ‘My Blind Brother,’ Who Is Also a Major Pain. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials
AbbreviationJ. Dyn. Behav. Mater.
ISSN (print)2199-7446
ISSN (online)2199-7454

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