How to format your references using the Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lakhdar ZB (2005) Global voices of science. Following the light: opening doors to science in Tunisia. Science 310:1435–1437
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomita M, Kami K (2012) Cancer. Systems biology, metabolomics, and cancer metabolism. Science 336:990–991
A journal article with 3 authors
Parsons T, Ji C, Kirby E (2008) Stress changes from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and increased hazard in the Sichuan basin. Nature 454:509–510
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Petersen CCH, Brecht M, Hahn TTG, Sakmann B (2004) Synaptic changes in layer 2/3 underlying map plasticity of developing barrel cortex. Science 304:739–742

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meinert CL (2012) Clinical Trials Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Seeberg ML, Goździak EM (2016) Contested Childhoods: Growing up in Migrancy: Migration, Governance, Identities. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Nandram S, Joshi A (2016) An Ethics of Care Induced from Kautilya’s Wisdom. In: Chatterji M, Zsolnai L (eds) Ethical Leadership: Indian and European Spiritual Approaches. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 53–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) Snake Quickly Regrets Attempt To Eat Porcupine. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) The Army’s Battery Computer System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark DK (2009) Professional values: A study of education and experience in nursing students and nurses. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY J, Mueller B, Rojas R (2015) Witness Says Clash Over Witchcraft Preceded a Teenager’s Fatal Beating. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials
AbbreviationJ. Dyn. Behav. Mater.
ISSN (print)2199-7446
ISSN (online)2199-7454

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