How to format your references using the Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.R. Rolison, Catalytic nanoarchitectures--the importance of nothing and the unimportance of periodicity, Science. 299 (2003) 1698–1701.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.R. Green, G. Kroemer, The pathophysiology of mitochondrial cell death, Science. 305 (2004) 626–629.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Xia, A.J. Rosakis, H. Kanamori, Laboratory earthquakes: the sub-Rayleigh-to-supershear rupture transition, Science. 303 (2004) 1859–1861.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.G. Nystul, J.P. Goldmark, P.A. Padilla, M.B. Roth, Suspended animation in C. elegans requires the spindle checkpoint, Science. 302 (2003) 1038–1041.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Bitton, Wastewater Microbiology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
C. Bini, J. Bech, eds., PHEs, Environment and Human Health: Potentially harmful elements in the environment and the impact on human health, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
K.-H. Schmidt, University Studies at Hardenberg’s and Humboldt’s Time and the Professionalization of University Studies Today, in: J.G. Backhaus (Ed.), The University According to Humboldt: History, Policy, and Future Possibilities, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology.

Blog post
R. Andrews, America Has Been Left Out Of An Official Climate Declaration Issued By G7 Ministers, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information on the Labor Department’s Skill Training Improvement Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.E. Lynch, Financial regulation and economic performance: A descriptive correlation study of American financial institutions, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, Owner of Brooklyn Brownstone Sees Herself Caught in Airbnb Crossfire, New York Times. (2016) A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Drug Deliv. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1773-2247
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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