How to format your references using the Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.E. Trenberth, CLIMATE CHANGE. Has there been a hiatus?, Science. 349 (2015) 691–692.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.D.S. Johnson, S.C. Jameson, Immunology. A chronic need for IL-21, Science. 324 (2009) 1525–1526.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Halevy, M.T. Zuber, D.P. Schrag, A sulfur dioxide climate feedback on early Mars, Science. 318 (2007) 1903–1907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Korenčič, R. Košir, G. Bordyugov, R. Lehmann, D. Rozman, H. Herzel, Timing of circadian genes in mammalian tissues, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5782.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Nomura, Micromechanics with Mathematica, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
J. Folgueras Méndez, T.Y. Aznielle Rodríguez, C.F. Calderón Marín, S.B. Llanusa Ruiz, J. Castro Medina, H. Vega Vázquez, M. Carballo Barreda, R. Rodríguez Rojas, eds., V Latin American Congress on Biomedical Engineering CLAIB 2011 May 16-21, 2011, Habana, Cuba: Sustainable Technologies for the Health of All, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Iaconetta, E. Ferrer, A.P. Galino, J. Enseñat, M. de Notaris, Frontotemporal Approach, in: P. Cappabianca, G. Iaconetta, L. Califano (Eds.), Cranial, Craniofacial and Skull Base Surgery, Springer, Milano, 2010: pp. 39–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Watch Live As A Spacecraft Leaves The ISS Today With A “Fire Experiment” On Board, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Head Start: An Effective Program but the Fund Distribution Formula Needs Revision and Management Controls Need Improvement, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.M. Lackey, The efficacy of using a natural soil additive for the establishment, survival and diversity of native prairie and spontaneously colonizing plant communities on unirrigated green roofs in a humid subtropical climate, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, In Wawrinka, Federer Will Face a Protégé With His Own Stellar Résumé, New York Times. (2017) B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Drug Deliv. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1773-2247
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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