How to format your references using the Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Check, National Academies launch grants for interdisciplinary work, Nature. 422 (2003) 791.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.C. Malin, K.S. Edgett, Evidence for persistent flow and aqueous sedimentation on early Mars, Science. 302 (2003) 1931–1934.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.-M. Neutel, J.A.P. Heesterbeek, P.C. De Ruiter, Stability in real food webs: weak links in long loops, Science. 296 (2002) 1120–1123.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Kowarik, S. Numao, M.F. Feldman, B.L. Schulz, N. Callewaert, E. Kiermaier, I. Catrein, M. Aebi, N-linked glycosylation of folded proteins by the bacterial oligosaccharyltransferase, Science. 314 (2006) 1148–1150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Sericola, Markov Chains, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
R. Erzurumlu, W. Guido, Z. Molnár, eds., Development and Plasticity in Sensory Thalamus and Cortex, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Iaaly, R. Jadayel, O. Jadayel, Passing GIS Knowhow from University Students to secondary School Students: pedagogical Approach in developing youngster’s Capabilities and Understanding in GIS, in: A. Ruas (Ed.), Advances in Cartography and GIScience. Volume 2: Selection from ICC 2011, Paris, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 49–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, European Commission Opposes Petition To End Animal Research, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Selected Contracts, Purchase Orders, and Grants Awarded to Indian Tribes and Organizations During Fiscal Year 1971, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.O. Ballan, The selfie generation: Students’ perceptions of classroom incivility in social work education, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices Ponder Relationship of Federal and State Courts, New York Times. (2006) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Drug Deliv. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1773-2247
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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