How to format your references using the Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.M. Friedman, A war on obesity, not the obese, Science. 299 (2003) 856–858.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Hochedlinger, R. Jaenisch, Nuclear reprogramming and pluripotency, Nature. 441 (2006) 1061–1067.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Zheng, R. Zhang, H. Huang, Theoretical modeling of relative humidity on contact electrification of sand particles, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4399.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Poccia, G. Campi, A. Ricci, A.S. Caporale, E. Di Cola, T.A. Hawkins, A. Bianconi, Changes of statistical structural fluctuations unveils an early compacted degraded stage of PNS myelin, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Reay, Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
J. Kpodonu, S. Haulon, eds., Atlas of Advanced Endoaortic Surgery, Springer, London, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Rivera, A. Rodríguez, Competition and Regulation in the Banking Systems of Central America and Mexico: A Comparative Study, in: C. Schatan, E. Rivera (Eds.), Competition Policies in Emerging Economies: Lessons and Challenges from Central America and Mexico, Springer, New York, NY, 2008: pp. 97–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Vegetarian Birds Turn Carnivorous, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: Efforts to Measure Effectiveness and Address Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.T. Nguyen, The ugly duckling: Juvenile delinquents in non-delinquent networks, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Davey, Limits on Unions Pass in Michigan, Once a Mainstay, New York Times. (2012) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Drug Deliv. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1773-2247
ScopePharmaceutical Science

Other styles