How to format your references using the Journal of Diversity in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Wijn, A. G. (2012). Astronomy. Measuring solar magnetism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 476–477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vogt, N., & Desplan, C. (2010). Developmental biology. Flipping the light switch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6003), 454–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ogawa, Y., Sun, B. K., & Lee, J. T. (2008). Intersection of the RNA interference and X-inactivation pathways. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5881), 1336–1341.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yao, L., Garmash, O., Bianchi, F., Zheng, J., Yan, C., Kontkanen, J., Junninen, H., Mazon, S. B., Ehn, M., Paasonen, P., Sipilä, M., Wang, M., Wang, X., Xiao, S., Chen, H., Lu, Y., Zhang, B., Wang, D., Fu, Q., … Wang, L. (2018). Atmospheric new particle formation from sulfuric acid and amines in a Chinese megacity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6399), 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach, J. (2010). Excel® 2010 Power Programming with VBA. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Martínez-Trinidad, J. F., Carrasco Ochoa, J. A., & Kittler, J. (Eds.). (2006). Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis and Applications: 11th Iberoamerican Congress in Pattern Recognition, CIARP 2006 Cancun, Mexico, November 14-17, 2006 Proceedings (Vol. 4225). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yusuf, F., Martins, J. M., & Swanson, D. A. (2014). Elements of Demographic Analysis. In J. M. Martins & D. A. Swanson (Eds.), Methods of Demographic Analysis (pp. 59–95). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 1). Meet The Mice Whose Brains Are Part Human. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2009 Expenditure Plan (GAO-09-281). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ivy, J. (2011). The Psychological Effect of Parental Incarceration on School-Age Children [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2017, June 30). For Manhattan Fare-Beaters, a One-Way Ticket to Court May Be Gone Soon. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Wijn, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (de Wijn, 2012; Vogt & Desplan, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vogt & Desplan, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Ogawa et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yao et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Diversity in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Divers. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1938-8926
ISSN (online)1938-8934

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