How to format your references using the Journal of Diversity in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kormendy, J. (2000). ASTRONOMY: Enhanced: Monsters at the Heart of Galaxy Formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5484), 1484–1485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schindler, D. E., & Hilborn, R. (2015). Sustainability. Prediction, precaution, and policy under global change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6225), 953–954.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dloniak, S. M., French, J. A., & Holekamp, K. E. (2006). Rank-related maternal effects of androgens on behaviour in wild spotted hyaenas. Nature, 440(7088), 1190–1193.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Henry Huang, X. M., Zorman, C. A., Mehregany, M., & Roukes, M. L. (2003). Nanoelectromechanical systems: Nanodevice motion at microwave frequencies. Nature, 421(6922), 496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kubicek, C. P. (2012). Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Layne, P. C., & Lake, P. (Eds.). (2015). Global Innovation of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: Transgressing Boundaries (Vol. 11). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bedinger, P. A., & Fowler, J. E. (2009). The Maize Male Gametophyte. In J. L. Bennetzen & S. C. Hake (Eds.), Handbook of Maize: Its Biology (pp. 57–77). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 28). Octopus And Squid Populations Are Booming – Here’s Why. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment at Federal Judicial Center (B-193861). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lowrance, T. L. (2017). Exploring the Four Modes of Organizational Forgetting in an Organization Post Acquisition [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A. L. (2014, March 31). Push to Rid City of Classrooms That Are Anything but Temporary. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kormendy, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kormendy, 2000; Schindler & Hilborn, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schindler & Hilborn, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Dloniak et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Henry Huang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Diversity in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Divers. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1938-8926
ISSN (online)1938-8934

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