How to format your references using the Journal of Diversity in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Swygenhoven, H. (2002). Polycrystalline materials. Grain boundaries and dislocations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5565), 66–67.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kinnamon, S. C., & Reynolds, S. D. (2009). Cell biology. Using taste to clear the air(ways). Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5944), 1081–1082.
A journal article with 3 authors
Casanueva, M. O., Burga, A., & Lehner, B. (2012). Fitness trade-offs and environmentally induced mutation buffering in isogenic C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6064), 82–85.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nasrin, F., Rahman, M. A., Masuda, A., Ohe, K., Takeda, J.-I., & Ohno, K. (2014). HnRNP C, YB-1 and hnRNP L coordinately enhance skipping of human MUSK exon 10 to generate a Wnt-insensitive MuSK isoform. Scientific Reports, 4, 6841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tewari, A. (2011). Advanced Control of Aircraft, Spacecraft and Rockets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sagiv, M. (Ed.). (2005). Programming Languages and Systems: 14th European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2005, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2005, Edinburgh, UK, April 4-8, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3444). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Y., Du, L., & Zou, C. (2016). Research on the Influence of Macroeconomic Factors on Consumer Finance Structure. In M. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Zhang, & Y. Li (Eds.), Proceedings of 2015 2nd International Conference on Industrial Economics System and Industrial Security Engineering (pp. 27–33). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, June 29). Animals With Glowing Courtship Displays Are More Likely To Diversify. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Air Traffic Control: FAA Should Define the Optimal Advanced Automation System Alternative (IMTEC-89-5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graham, O. B. (2017). The Chiron Complex: From Spiritual Bypassing to Individuation [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M. (2017, September 15). Walmart Sticks With Arkansas Headquarters as Amazon Plays the Field. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Van Swygenhoven, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kinnamon & Reynolds, 2009; Van Swygenhoven, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kinnamon & Reynolds, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Casanueva et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nasrin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Diversity in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Divers. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1938-8926
ISSN (online)1938-8934

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