How to format your references using the Journal of Diversity in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pollard, T. D. (2011). Cell biology. Formin tip tracking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6013), 39–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laurance, W. F., & Luizão, R. C. C. (2007). Driving a wedge into the Amazon. Nature, 448(7152), 409–410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, I.-U., Peacey, M. W., & Munafò, M. R. (2014). Modelling the effects of subjective and objective decision making in scientific peer review. Nature, 506(7486), 93–96.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Al-Olayan, E. M., Beetsma, A. L., Butcher, G. A., Sinden, R. E., & Hurd, H. (2002). Complete development of mosquito phases of the malaria parasite in vitro. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5555), 677–679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, X., Parini, C. G., Collins, B., Yao, Y., & Ur Rehman, M. (2012). Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nguyen, N. T., & Jain, L. C. (Eds.). (2009). Intelligent Agents in the Evolution of Web and Applications (Vol. 167). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aliev, R. A., & Guirimov, B. G. (2014). Application of Type-2 Fuzzy Neural Networks. In B. G. Guirimov (Ed.), Type-2 Fuzzy Neural Networks and Their Applications (pp. 167–185). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, February 27). Half Of All Life May Be Extinct Within A Century. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Transportation Security Administration: High-Level Attention Needed to Strengthen Acquisition Function (No. GAO-04-544). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Etchberger, J. F. (2008). The cis-regulatory logic of gustatory neuron development in Caenorhabditis elegans (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013, December 12). Brooklyn Is Roasting by an Open Fire. New York Times, p. E11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pollard, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Laurance & Luizão, 2007; Pollard, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laurance & Luizão, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Park, Peacey, & Munafò, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Al-Olayan, Beetsma, Butcher, Sinden, & Hurd, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Diversity in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Divers. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1938-8926
ISSN (online)1938-8934

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