How to format your references using the Journal of Diversity in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prusiner, S. B. (2012). Cell biology. A unifying role for prions in neurodegenerative diseases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6088), 1511–1513.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hannisdal, B., & Peters, S. E. (2011). Phanerozoic Earth system evolution and marine biodiversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1121–1124.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaucher, E. A., Govindarajan, S., & Ganesh, O. K. (2008). Palaeotemperature trend for Precambrian life inferred from resurrected proteins. Nature, 451(7179), 704–707.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Buesseler, K. O., Andrews, J. E., Pike, S. M., & Charette, M. A. (2004). The effects of iron fertilization on carbon sequestration in the Southern Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5669), 414–417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBee, J. (2009). Mastering Microsoft® Exchange Server 2007 SP1. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Botana, F., & Recio, T. (Eds.). (2007). Automated Deduction in Geometry: 6th International Workshop, ADG 2006, Pontevedra, Spain, August 31-September 2, 2006. Revised Papers (Vol. 4869). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schönthaler, F., Vossen, G., Oberweis, A., & Karle, T. (2012). The Horus Method. In G. Vossen, A. Oberweis, & T. Karle (Eds.), Business Processes for Business Communities: Modeling Languages, Methods, Tools (pp. 61–136). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Diversity in Higher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 27). Is It Ok To Pee In The Ocean? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Space Situational Awareness: Status of Efforts and Planned Budgets (GAO-16-6R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parihar, R. (2004). Characterization of the Natural Killer Cell Cytokine Response to Antibody-Coated Tumor Cells [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kaminer, M. (2017, June 2). Israeli Street Food in an English Kitchen. New York Times, TR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prusiner, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hannisdal & Peters, 2011; Prusiner, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hannisdal & Peters, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Gaucher et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Buesseler et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Diversity in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Divers. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1938-8926
ISSN (online)1938-8934

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