How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Dyk, S.D., 2003. Astronomy. Elusive supernova progenitors. Science 302, 1161–1162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Inchausti, P., Halley, J., 2001. Investigating long-term ecological variability using the Global Population Dynamics Database. Science 293, 655–657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thürmer, K., Williams, E., Reutt-Robey, J., 2002. Autocatalytic oxidation of lead crystallite surfaces. Science 297, 2033–2035.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Decker, R.B., Krimigis, S.M., Roelof, E.C., Hill, M.E., Armstrong, T.P., Gloeckler, G., Hamilton, D.C., Lanzerotti, L.J., 2005. Voyager 1 in the foreshock, termination shock, and heliosheath. Science 309, 2020–2024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman, S.H., 2014. ESD. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, United Kingdom.
An edited book
Gopalakrishnan, P., 2005. Direct Transistor-level Layout for Digital Blocks. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Stein, N.R., Ribeiro, L.T., 2015. Pediatric Neuroimaging, in: Scheinemann, K., Bouffet, E. (Eds.), Pediatric Neuro-Oncology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 13–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Banned in Europe, Safe in the U.S [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Organizing the Federal Communications Commission for Greater Management and Regulatory Effectiveness (No. CED-79-107). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ford, V.F., 2012. An Exploratory Investigation of the Relationship between Turnover Intentions, Work Exhaustion and Disengagement among IT Professionals in a Single Institution of Higher Education in a Major Metropolitan Area (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. After Victory in Heptathlon, ‘Face of Olympics in Britain’ Has a Golden Glow. New York Times SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Van Dyk, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Inchausti and Halley, 2001; Van Dyk, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Inchausti and Halley, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Decker et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. B Biochem. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)1096-4959
Molecular Biology

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