How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwartz, J.H., 2004. Anthropology. Getting to know Homo erectus. Science 305, 53–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shen, B., Goodman, H.M., 2004. Uridine addition after microRNA-directed cleavage. Science 306, 997.
A journal article with 3 authors
Häusser, M., Major, G., Stuart, G.J., 2001. Differential shunting of EPSPs by action potentials. Science 291, 138–141.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guan, Y.-Q., Zheng, Z., Huang, Z., Li, Z., Niu, S., Liu, J.-M., 2014. Powerful inner/outer controlled multi-target magnetic nanoparticle drug carrier prepared by liquid photo-immobilization. Sci. Rep. 4, 4990.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, R.M., Nieboer, D., Misiewicz, J., 2014. Fat-Tailed Distributions: Volume 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Koop, R., 2007. Successfully Implementing Microsoft DynamicsTM: by Using the Regatta® Approach for Microsoft DynamicsTM. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
van den Dries, L., 2014. Lectures on the Model Theory of Valued Fields, in: Koenigsmann, J., Macpherson, H.D., Pillay, A., Toffalori, C., Wilkie, A.J. (Eds.), Model Theory in Algebra, Analysis and Arithmetic: Cetraro, Italy 2012, Editors: H. Dugald Macpherson, Carlo Toffalori, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 55–157.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Comet’s Structure Is Like Deep-Fried Ice Cream [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s 1996 Financial Statements (No. AIMD-98-30). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wirtz, Y., 2017. Strain Variation between the Monterey and Sisquoc Formations, Southern Santa Maria Basin, California, USA: Implications for Structural Assessment of Fold and Thrust Belts (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Latvia: Language Law Dropped. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schwartz, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Schwartz, 2004; Shen and Goodman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shen and Goodman, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Guan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. B Biochem. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)1096-4959
Molecular Biology

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