How to format your references using the Journal of Development Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Development Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venter, J. C. (2011). Genome-sequencing anniversary. The human genome at 10: successes and challenges. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6017), 546–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thisse, C., & Zon, L. I. (2002). Organogenesis--heart and blood formation from the zebrafish point of view. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5554), 457–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pakull, M. W., Soria, R., & Motch, C. (2010). A 300-parsec-long jet-inflated bubble around a powerful microquasar in the galaxy NGC 7793. Nature, 466(7303), 209–212.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dellis, O., Dedos, S. G., Tovey, S. C., Taufiq-Ur-Rahman, Dubel, S. J., & Taylor, C. W. (2006). Ca2+ entry through plasma membrane IP3 receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5784), 229–233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trigeassou, J.-C. (2011). Electrical Machines Diagnosis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Takagi, T., Okamoto, T., Okamoto, E., & Okamoto, T. (Eds.). (2007). Pairing-Based Cryptography – Pairing 2007: First International Conference, Tokyo, Japan, July 2-4, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4575). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
VanDuzer, J. A. (2015). NAFTA’s Approach to Protecting Public Services: Fragmentary, Asymmetrical, Rigid and Limited. In M. Krajewski (Ed.), Services of General Interest Beyond the Single Market: External and International Law Dimensions (pp. 111–160). T.M.C. Asser Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Development Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 28). Norway Wants To Build The World’s First Full-Scale Ship Tunnel. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). School Finance: Options for Improving Measures of Effort and Equity in Title I (HEHS-96-142). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bao, J. (2010). Design enhancements in repetitive and interative learning control [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D. (2017, September 8). ‘Dreamer’ Plan Creator Suing Trump to Save It. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Venter, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Thisse & Zon, 2002; Venter, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thisse & Zon, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Pakull et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dellis et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Development Studies
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Stud.
ISSN (print)0022-0388
ISSN (online)1743-9140

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