How to format your references using the Journal of Development Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Development Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N. (2015). Aerodynamics: Vortices and robobees. Nature, 521(7552), S64-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Charbonnel, C., & Talon, S. (2005). Influence of gravity waves on the internal rotation and Li abundance of solar-type stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2189–2191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spracklen, D. V., Arnold, S. R., & Taylor, C. M. (2012). Observations of increased tropical rainfall preceded by air passage over forests. Nature, 489(7415), 282–285.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xia, J., Zhang, Y., Qian, J., Zhu, X., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., & Zhao, G. (2013). Isolation, identification and expression of specific human CD133 antibodies. Scientific Reports, 3, 3320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malpass, D. B. (2010). Introduction to Industrial Polyethylene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Luo, A. C. J., & Afraimovich, V. (Eds.). (2010). Hamiltonian Chaos Beyond the KAM Theory: Dedicated to George M. Zaslavsky (1935–2008) (Vol. 0). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Caelli, W., Liu, V., & Longley, D. (2013). Background to the Development of a Curriculum for the History of “Cyber” and “Communications” Security. In R. C. Dodge & L. Futcher (Eds.), Information Assurance and Security Education and Training: 8th IFIP WG 11.8 World Conference on Information Security Education, WISE 8, Auckland, New Zealand, July 8-10, 2013, Proceedings, WISE 7, Lucerne Switzerland, June 9-10, 2011, and WISE 6, Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brazil, July 27-31, 2009, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 39–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Development Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 26). Researchers Create First Single-Molecule Diode. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Airport Financing: Compliance With Federal Grant Requirements (RCED-97-179R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindsey, M. M. (2010). Sampling frequency for semi-arid streams and rivers: Implications for national parks in the Sonoran Desert Network [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012, September 21). California Debt Higher Than Earlier Estimates, a Task Force Reports. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Charbonnel & Talon, 2005; Savage, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Charbonnel & Talon, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Spracklen et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xia et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Development Studies
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Stud.
ISSN (print)0022-0388
ISSN (online)1743-9140

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