How to format your references using the Journal of Development Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Development Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K., 2014. Diagnosis: Early warning system. Nature 513, S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sharon, D., Grinvald, A., 2002. Dynamics and constancy in cortical spatiotemporal patterns of orientation processing. Science 295, 512–515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fan, Y., Li, H., Miguez-Macho, G., 2013. Global patterns of groundwater table depth. Science 339, 940–943.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choi, E.-S., Nam, J.-S., Jung, J.-Y., Cho, N.-P., Cho, S.-D., 2014. Modulation of specificity protein 1 by mithramycin A as a novel therapeutic strategy for cervical cancer. Sci. Rep. 4, 7162.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Q., 2013. Practical Design of Magnetostatic Structure Using Numerical Simulation. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Sovacool, B.K., 2016. The Political Economy of Climate Change Adaptation. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, K., 2016. Summary of Washington Group Question Evaluation Studies, in: Altman, B.M. (Ed.), International Measurement of Disability: Purpose, Method and Application, Social Indicators Research Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Development Economics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. In A Bid For The Perfect Profile Pic, Young Men Are Increasingly Turning To Drugs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Aviation Safety: Serious Problems Continue to Trouble the Air Traffic Control Work Force (No. RCED-89-112). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson, S., 2014. Individual sense of efficacy, collective teacher efficacy and student achievement in high achieving and low achieving urban public schools (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haberman, M., Landler, M., 2017. In Paris, Trump Stands by His Son and Praises Macron. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bourzac, 2014; Sharon and Grinvald, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sharon and Grinvald, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Development Economics
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3878
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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