How to format your references using the Journal of Development Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Development Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grinnell, F., 2015. Rethink our approach to assessing risk. Nature 522, 257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morata, G., Ballesteros-Arias, L., 2014. Developmental Biology. Death to the losers. Science 346, 1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dreger, D.S., Ford, S.R., Walter, W.R., 2008. Source analysis of the Crandall Canyon, Utah, mine collapse. Science 321, 217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hume, A.J., Finkel, J.S., Kamil, J.P., Coen, D.M., Culbertson, M.R., Kalejta, R.F., 2008. Phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein by viral protein with cyclin-dependent kinase function. Science 320, 797–799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zack, G.M., 2012. Financial Statement Fraud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Li, Kenli, Xiao, Z., Wang, Y., Du, J., Li, Keqin (Eds.), 2014. Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics: 25th International Conference, ParCFD 2013, Changsha, China, May 20-24, 2013. Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Karasu, T., Ola, B., 2015. Endometrioma and Infertility: Principles and Techniques of Management, in: Metwally, M., Li, T.-C. (Eds.), Reproductive Surgery in Assisted Conception. Springer, London, pp. 37–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Development Economics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Forensic Breakthrough? Study Suggests Humans Can Be Identified By The Proteins In Their Hair [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Federal Student Aid Formula: Cost-of-Living Adjustment Could Increase Aid to a Small Percentage of Students in High-Cost Areas but Could Also Further Complicate Aid Process (No. GAO-09-825). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spowart, S.A., 2014. Long-Term Mindfulness Meditation: Anxiety, Depression, Stress and Pain, Is There A Connection For Public Health? (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Justices Express Concern Over Aspects of Some Texas Redistricting. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grinnell, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Grinnell, 2015; Morata and Ballesteros-Arias, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morata and Ballesteros-Arias, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hume et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Development Economics
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3878
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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