How to format your references using the Journal of Development Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Development Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E., 2002. Malta provides loophole for breast-cancer screen. Nature 419, 767.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouibes, A., Zaoui, A., 2014. High-pressure polymorphs of ZnCO₃: evolutionary crystal structure prediction. Sci. Rep. 4, 5172.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brook, B.W., Sodhi, N.S., Ng, P.K.L., 2003. Catastrophic extinctions follow deforestation in Singapore. Nature 424, 420–426.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Salghetti, S.E., Caudy, A.A., Chenoweth, J.G., Tansey, W.P., 2001. Regulation of transcriptional activation domain function by ubiquitin. Science 293, 1651–1653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yalaoui, A., Chehade, H., Yalaoui, F., Amodeo, L., 2012. Optimization of Logistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bungartz, H.-J., Mehl, M., Schäfer, M. (Eds.), 2010. Fluid Structure Interaction II: Modelling, Simulation, Optimization, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Weirich, S., Casinghino, C., 2012. Generic Programming with Dependent Types, in: Gibbons, J. (Ed.), Generic and Indexed Programming: International Spring School, SSGIP 2010, Oxford, UK, March 22-26, 2010, Revised Lectures, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 217–258.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Development Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Three-Person IVF: Science Shows Ethical Questions Remain Unanswered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Slot-Controlled Airports: FAA’s Rules Could Be Improved to Enhance Competition and Use of Available Capacity (No. GAO-12-902). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sawant, K.G., 2015. A Chemo-Physical Model for Predicting Post Fracking Pressure Buildup in Pierre Shale (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A ‘Hamlet’ Poised Between Two Worlds. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bouibes and Zaoui, 2014; Check, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bouibes and Zaoui, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Salghetti et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Development Economics
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3878
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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