How to format your references using the Journal of Development Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Development Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cave, R.J., 2009. Chemistry. Inducing chirality with circularly polarized light. Science 323, 1435–1436.
A journal article with 2 authors
King, D.A., Thomas, S.M., 2007. Big lessons for a healthy future. Nature 449, 791–792.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acevedo, A., Brodsky, L., Andino, R., 2014. Mutational and fitness landscapes of an RNA virus revealed through population sequencing. Nature 505, 686–690.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xin, L., Liu, Y., Li, B., Zhou, X., Shen, H., Zhao, W., Liang, C., 2014. Constructing hierarchical submicrotubes from interconnected TiO₂ nanocrystals for high reversible capacity and long-life lithium-ion batteries. Sci. Rep. 4, 4479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, J.Y.B., 2005. Scalable Continuous Media Streaming Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Marin, J.-M., 2014. Bayesian Essentials with R, 2nd ed. 2014. ed, Springer Texts in Statistics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Day, L.E., Hutton, G., 2012. Towards Modular Compilers for Effects, in: Peña, R., Page, R. (Eds.), Trends in Functional Programming: 12th International Symposium, TFP 2011, Madrid, Spain, May 16-18, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Development Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Poll Results Show Disparity Between Scientists And American Public On Scientific Issues [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Unanswered Questions on Educating Handicapped Children in Local Public Schools (No. HRD-81-43). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu, P., 2017. Advanced Nonlinear Control and Estimation Methods for AC Power Generation Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2014. Detroit’s Plan to Profit on Its Water, by Selling to Its Neighbors, Looks Half Empty. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cave, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Cave, 2009; King and Thomas, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King and Thomas, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Xin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Development Economics
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3878
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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