How to format your references using the Journal of Development Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Development Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scudellari, M., 2014. Drug development: try and try again. Nature 516, S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Straus, S.E., Chesney, M.A., 2006. Science and government. Enhanced: in defense of NCCAM. Science 313, 303–304.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeffery, W.R., Strickler, A.G., Yamamoto, Y., 2004. Migratory neural crest-like cells form body pigmentation in a urochordate embryo. Nature 431, 696–699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kao, S.-C., Wu, H., Xie, J., Chang, C.-P., Ranish, J.A., Graef, I.A., Crabtree, G.R., 2009. Calcineurin/NFAT signaling is required for neuregulin-regulated Schwann cell differentiation. Science 323, 651–654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eden, A.H., 2011. Codecharts. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jia, Y., Du, J., Li, H., Zhang, W. (Eds.), 2016. Proceedings of the 2015 Chinese Intelligent Systems Conference: Volume 2, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chalouan, A., Michard, A., Kadiri, K.E., Negro, F., Lamotte, D.F. de, Soto, J.I., Saddiqi, O., 2008. The Rif Belt, in: Michard, André, Saddiqi, Omar, Chalouan, Ahmed, Lamotte, Dominique Frizon de (Eds.), Continental Evolution: The Geology of Morocco: Structure, Stratigraphy, and Tectonics of the Africa-Atlantic-Mediterranean Triple Junction, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 203–302.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Development Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. You Probably Haven’t Heard Of These Five Amazing Women Scientists – So Pay Attention [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Request for Comments on Proposed Amendment (No. B-203547). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, A.D., 2008. Measuring the efficacy of a Ninth Grade Academy on students with disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kaminer, M., 2017. Israeli Street Food in an English Kitchen. New York Times TR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scudellari, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Scudellari, 2014; Straus and Chesney, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Straus and Chesney, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kao et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Development Economics
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3878
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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