How to format your references using the Journal of Development Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Development Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edery, I., 2010. Circadian rhythms. Temperatures to communicate by. Science 330, 329–330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Choi, J.-K., Bowles, S., 2007. The coevolution of parochial altruism and war. Science 318, 636–640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Horne-Badovinac, S., Rebagliati, M., Stainier, D.Y.R., 2003. A cellular framework for gut-looping morphogenesis in zebrafish. Science 302, 662–665.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, S.M., Byeon, H.J., Lee, J.H., Baek, D.H., Lee, K.H., Hong, J.S., Lee, S.-H., 2014. Self-adhesive epidermal carbon nanotube electronics for tether-free long-term continuous recording of biosignals. Sci. Rep. 4, 6074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krimpmann, A., 2015. Principles of Group Accounting under IFRS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Burrascano, P., Callegari, S., Montisci, A., Ricci, M., Versaci, M. (Eds.), 2015. Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation Systems: Industrial Application Issues. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Halpin, H., Hayes, P.J., Thompson, H.S., 2015. When owl:sameAs isn’t the Same Redux: Towards a Theory of Identity, Context, and Inference on the Semantic Web, in: Christiansen, H., Stojanovic, I., Papadopoulos, G.A. (Eds.), Modeling and Using Context: 9th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2015, Lanarca, Cyprus, November 2-6,2015. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Development Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. “Quantum Cheshire Cat” Phenomenon Observed For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL“quantum-cheshire-cat”-phenomenon-observed-first-time/ (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Information Management: The National Technical Information Service’s Dissemination of Technical Reports Needs Attention (No. GAO-14-781T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Locicero, L.M., 2014. The Effects of Vertical Casting Position in Reinforced Concrete (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2013. Best-Selling Russian Turns to History. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edery, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Choi and Bowles, 2007; Edery, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Choi and Bowles, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Development Economics
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3878
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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