How to format your references using the Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hawley RS. Molecular biology. Hitting a tiny target in the dark. Science 2011;331:870–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Yu HK, Lee J-L. Growth mechanism of metal-oxide nanowires synthesized by electron beam evaporation: a self-catalytic vapor-liquid-solid process. Sci Rep 2014;4:6589.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Parens E, Johnston J, Moses J. Ethics. Do we need “synthetic bioethics”? Science 2008;321:1449.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lu T-P, Chen KT, Tsai M-H, Kuo K-T, Hsiao CK, Lai L-C, et al. Identification of genes with consistent methylation levels across different human tissues. Sci Rep 2014;4:4351.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pijaudier-Cabot G, La Borderie C, Reess T, Chen W, Maurel O, Rey-Berbeder F, et al. Electrohydraulic Fracturing of Rocks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Herrero Á, Baruque B, Klett F, Abraham A, Snášel V, Carvalho ACPLF de, et al., editors. International Joint Conference SOCO’13-CISIS’13-ICEUTE’13: Salamanca, Spain, September 11th-13th, 2013 Proceedings. vol. 239. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Mancarella P, Toni F. Semi-negative Abductive Logic Programs with Implicative Integrity Constraints: Semantics and Properties. In: Artikis A, Craven R, Kesim Çiçekli N, Sadighi B, Stathis K, editors. Logic Programs, Norms and Action: Essays in Honor of Marek J. Sergot on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 33–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Ancient Termites Cultivated Fungus Gardens, Millions of Years Before Humans Appeared And Invented Agriculture. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/ancient-termites-cultivated-fungus-gardens-millions-of-years-before-humans-appeared-and-invented-agriculture/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Review of Selected Projects Under the Bilingual Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tzillah A. The emissions of selected air pollutants from biodiesel fuel usage. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Powell M. Defining Success. New York Times 2017:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology
AbbreviationNeurophysiol. Clin.
ISSN (print)0987-7053
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology

Other styles