How to format your references using the Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bartal G. Nanophotonics: bright future for hyperbolic chips. Nature 2015;522:160–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boyd PW, Mackie D. Comment on “The Southern Ocean biological response to aeolian iron deposition.” Science 2008;319:159; author reply 159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gómez-Llobregat J, Buceta J, Reigada R. Interplay of cytoskeletal activity and lipid phase stability in dynamic protein recruitment and clustering. Sci Rep 2013;3:2608.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schaeffer J, Burch N, Björnsson Y, Kishimoto A, Müller M, Lake R, et al. Checkers is solved. Science 2007;317:1518–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mowlaee P, Kulmer J, Stahl J, Mayer F. Single Channel Phase-Aware Signal Processing in Speech Communication: Theory and Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Hameurlain A, Hussain FK, Morvan F, Tjoa AM, editors. Data Management in Cloud, Grid and P2P Systems: 5th International Conference, Globe 2012, Vienna, Austria, September 5-6, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7450. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Brändas EJ. Some Biochemical Reflections on Information and Communication. In: Hotokka M, Brändas EJ, Maruani J, Delgado-Barrio G, editors. Advances in Quantum Methods and Applications in Chemistry, Physics, and Biology, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013, p. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Dark Matter Is Killing Galaxies That Enter The Coma Cluster. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Implementation of the Arts and Artifacts Indemnity Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meijer K. Let the Gods Dance: Transformation Through Haitian Dance. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Norton MB. At War With the Shakers. New York Times 2010:BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology
AbbreviationNeurophysiol. Clin.
ISSN (print)0987-7053
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)

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