How to format your references using the Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Europe goes back to basics. Nature 2003;426:365.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gourmelen N, Amelung F. Postseismic mantle relaxation in the Central Nevada Seismic Belt. Science 2005;310:1473–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggman KL, Helmstaedter M, Denk W. Wiring specificity in the direction-selectivity circuit of the retina. Nature 2011;471:183–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ahn HS, Kim JM, Park C, Jang J-W, Lee JS, Kim H, et al. A novel role of three dimensional graphene foam to prevent heater failure during boiling. Sci Rep 2013;3:1960.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welsh AH. Aspects of Statistical Inference: Welsh/Aspects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1996.
An edited book
Bodine C, Helal S, Gu T, Mokhtari M, editors. Smart Homes and Health Telematics: 12th International Conference, ICOST 2014, Denver, CO, USA, June 25-27, 2014, Revised Papers. vol. 8456. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Nevado LS i., Portaankorva-Koivisto P, Pehkonen E, Varas L, Hannula M, Näveri L. Chilean and Finnish Teachers’ Conceptions on Mathematics Teaching. In: Bernack-Schüler C, Erens R, Leuders T, Eichler A, editors. Views and Beliefs in Mathematics Education: Results of the 19th MAVI Conference, Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2015, p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Wren Shows New Zealand Didn’t Entirely Drown. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a Forum: Financial Literacy: Strengthening Partnerships in Challenging Times. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lara C. Bullying victimization among adolescent students: A qualitative study. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. With Loss and an Injury, It’s Just Another Day for the Mets. New York Times 2017:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology
AbbreviationNeurophysiol. Clin.
ISSN (print)0987-7053
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)

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