How to format your references using the Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Machens CK. Neuroscience. Building the human brain. Science 2012;338:1156–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lopes I, Silk J. Neutrino spectroscopy can probe the dark matter content in the Sun. Science 2010;330:462.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Villegas CEP, Mendonça PB, Rocha AR. Optical spectrum of bottom-up graphene nanoribbons: towards efficient atom-thick excitonic solar cells. Sci Rep 2014;4:6579.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yang Z, Zhu Q, Luo K, Zhou Q. The 7SK small nuclear RNA inhibits the CDK9/cyclin T1 kinase to control transcription. Nature 2001;414:317–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Millon T, Grossman S. Moderating Severe Personality Disorders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Thomas AMK, Banerjee AK, Busch U, editors. Classic Papers in Modern Diagnostic Radiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Brown RE, Kuk JL. Composite Risk Scores. In: Mechanick JI, Kushner RF, editors. Lifestyle Medicine: A Manual for Clinical Practice, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. NASA Tests Flying Saucer For Mars. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-tests-flying-saucer-mars/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Better Oversight Would Reduce the Risk of Air Taxi Accidents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
French DC. A Case against E-Waste: Where One Country’s Trash is (Not) Another Country’s Treasure: Developing National E-Waste Legislation to Regulate E-Waste Exportation. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Shear MD, Glanz J. Trump Says U.S. Should ‘Expand’ Nuclear Ability. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology
AbbreviationNeurophysiol. Clin.
ISSN (print)0987-7053
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology

Other styles