How to format your references using the Journal of Dermatological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dermatological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Ravetz, Sociology of science: Keep standards high, Nature. 481 (2012) 25.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Dulcis, N.C. Spitzer, Illumination controls differentiation of dopamine neurons regulating behaviour, Nature. 456 (2008) 195–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.D.W. Kirk, A.C. Babtie, M.P.H. Stumpf, SYSTEMS BIOLOGY. Systems biology (un)certainties, Science. 350 (2015) 386–388.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.A. Mecchia, G. Santos-Fernandez, N.N. Duss, S.C. Somoza, A. Boisson-Dernier, V. Gagliardini, A. Martínez-Bernardini, T.N. Fabrice, C. Ringli, J.P. Muschietti, U. Grossniklaus, RALF4/19 peptides interact with LRX proteins to control pollen tube growth in Arabidopsis, Science. 358 (2017) 1600–1603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Bonneau, A. Fatu, D. Souchet, Hydrodynamic Bearings, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Z. Mahmood, ed., Cloud Computing: Challenges, Limitations and R&D Solutions, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Lape, The Role of Food Production in Incipient Warfare in Protohistoric Timor Leste, in: A.M. VanDerwarker, G.D. Wilson (Eds.), The Archaeology of Food and Warfare: Food Insecurity in Prehistory, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 61–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dermatological Science.

Blog post
B. Taub, Enormous Air Purifier Turns Smog Into Jewelry, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Tax Systems Modernization: Input Processing Strategy is Risky and Lacks a Sound Analytical Basis, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.A. Jordan, The semiconductor industry and emerging technologies: A study using a modified Delphi method, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Best Way to Recruit a Runner? Take Him for a Ride, New York Times. (2010) F9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dermatological Science
AbbreviationJ. Dermatol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0923-1811
Molecular Biology

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