How to format your references using the Clinical Oral Implants Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Oral Implants Research (COIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fitzgerald, G. (2010) Drug development needs a new brand of science. Nature 468: 869.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, J. & Holtzman, D.M. (2010) Medicine. Prion-like behavior of amyloid-beta. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 918–919.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, S., Bluemle, M.J. & Bates, F.S. (2010) Discovery of a Frank-Kasper sigma phase in sphere-forming block copolymer melts. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 349–353.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, F., Wang, M., Liang, C., Jiang, H., Shen, J. & Li, H. (2014) Thin-layer polymer wrapped enzymes encapsulated in hierarchically mesoporous silica with high activity and enhanced stability. Scientific reports 4: 4421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker, C. & Fincham, B. (2011) Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gerecht, S. ed. (2011) Biophysical Regulation of Vascular Differentiation and Assembly, 1st edn. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Martin, T.F.J. (2012) Role of PI(4,5)P2 in Vesicle Exocytosis and Membrane Fusion. In: Phosphoinositides II: The Diverse Biological Functions. Subcellular Biochemistry, (Eds T. Balla, M. Wymann & J.D. York), pp. 111–130. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Oral Implants Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017) Watch Vector Space’s Successful Launch Of Their First Small Satellite Rocket. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Airport Financing: Compliance With Federal Grant Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Truong, T. (2012) Microfluidics-based system for high-throughput analysis of nitrite in harbor water. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008) Justices Add More Cases On Job Discrimination. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fitzgerald 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kim & Holtzman 2010; Fitzgerald 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim & Holtzman 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Oral Implants Research
AbbreviationClin. Oral Implants Res.
ISSN (print)0905-7161
ISSN (online)1600-0501
ScopeOral Surgery

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