How to format your references using the Clinical Oral Implants Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Oral Implants Research (COIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sakurai, M. (2011) Perspective: Herbal dangers. Nature 480: S97.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, H. & Li, B. (2013) Wavelength-converted wave-guiding in dye-doped polymer nanofibers. Scientific reports 3: 1674.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gustafson, J.L., Lim, D. & Miller, S.J. (2010) Dynamic kinetic resolution of biaryl atropisomers via peptide-catalyzed asymmetric bromination. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 1251–1255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pan, X., Li, Z., Zhou, Q., Shen, H., Wu, K., Huang, X., Chen, J., Zhang, J., Zhu, X., Lei, J., Xiong, W., Gong, H., Xiao, B. & Yan, N. (2018) Structure of the human voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.4 in complex with β1. Science (New York, N.Y.) 362:.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubuisson, S. (2015) Tracking with Particle Filter for High-Dimensional Observation and State Spaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chaudhuri, S. & Farzan, A. eds (2016) Computer Aided Verification: 28th International Conference, CAV 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17-23, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Guarnieri, F.A., Ferrara, P. & Torquetti, L. (2015) Biomechanics of Additive Surgery: Intracorneal Rings. In: Corneal Biomechanics and Refractive Surgery. (Ed. F.A. Guarnieri), pp. 73–107. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Oral Implants Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016) How To Capture An Asteroid – And Why We Should Go To Such Trouble. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell, J.R. (2013) Ocean fronts in the Southern California Current System and their role in structuring zooplankton distributions, diel vertical migration, and size composition. University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017) E.U. Leader Urges Simplifying Bloc. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sakurai 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Sakurai 2011; Yu & Li 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu & Li 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pan et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Oral Implants Research
AbbreviationClin. Oral Implants Res.
ISSN (print)0905-7161
ISSN (online)1600-0501
ScopeOral Surgery

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