How to format your references using the Clinical Oral Implants Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Oral Implants Research (COIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCaffrey, R. (2007) Geophysics. The next great earthquake. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315: 1675–1676.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos, A. & Bamzai, A. (2005) Policy needs robust climate science. Nature 438: 285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldner, A., Herold, N. & Huber, M. (2014) Antarctic glaciation caused ocean circulation changes at the Eocene-Oligocene transition. Nature 511: 574–577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Caffau, E., Bonifacio, P., François, P., Sbordone, L., Monaco, L., Spite, M., Spite, F., Ludwig, H.-G., Cayrel, R., Zaggia, S., Hammer, F., Randich, S., Molaro, P. & Hill, V. (2011) An extremely primitive star in the Galactic halo. Nature 477: 67–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samonas, M. (2015) Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Andershed, A.-K. ed. (2013) Girls at Risk: Swedish Longitudinal Research on Adjustment. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Okitsu, K. (2011) Sonochemical Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles. In: Theoretical and Experimental Sonochemistry Involving Inorganic Systems. (Ed. M. Ashokkumar), pp. 131–150. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Oral Implants Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Stem Cell Therapy Allows Mice With MS-Like Condition To Walk Again. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Compendium of Courses, 1997. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fountain, J.M. (2014) Differences in Generational Work Values in America and Their Implications for Educational Leadership: A Longitudinal Test of Twenge’s Model. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G. (2016) DC Bringing Back Two Gay Heroes. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCaffrey 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Patrinos & Bamzai 2005; McCaffrey 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Patrinos & Bamzai 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Caffau et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Oral Implants Research
AbbreviationClin. Oral Implants Res.
ISSN (print)0905-7161
ISSN (online)1600-0501
ScopeOral Surgery

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