How to format your references using the Clinical Oral Implants Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Oral Implants Research (COIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gerard, C. (2005) Biomedicine. Asthmatics breathe easier when it’s SNO-ing. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 1560–1561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klenerman, P. & McMichael, A. (2007) AIDS/HIV. Finding footprints among the trees. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315: 1505–1507.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, G., Zhuchenko, O. & Kuspa, A. (2007) Immune-like phagocyte activity in the social amoeba. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 678–681.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
O’Brien, C.M., Fox, C.J., Planque, B. & Casey, J. (2000) Climate variability and North Sea cod. Nature 404: 142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rees, P.A. (2011) An Introduction to Zoo Biology and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Goetz, T., Jaritz, G. & Oser, F. eds (2011) Pains and Gains of International Mobility in Teacher Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Milone, E.F. & Wilson, W.J.F. (2014) Comets and Meteors. In: Solar System Astrophysics: Planetary Atmospheres and the Outer Solar System. Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, (Ed. W.J.F. Wilson), pp. 597–646. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Oral Implants Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015) Apollo Astronaut Says Aliens Prevented A Nuclear War On Earth. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Schools and Libraries Program: Application and Invoice Review Procedures Need Strengthening. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
van der Steen, R. (2015) Intended infidelity: Male-female differences in intention-behavior congruence and the relative prediction power of gender, relationship and individual difference variables. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016) Indians Open Wallet After Coming Up Short. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gerard 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gerard 2005; Klenerman & McMichael 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klenerman & McMichael 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Brien et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Oral Implants Research
AbbreviationClin. Oral Implants Res.
ISSN (print)0905-7161
ISSN (online)1600-0501
ScopeOral Surgery

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