How to format your references using the Clinical Oral Implants Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Oral Implants Research (COIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paulson, T. (2013) Epidemiology: A mortal foe. Nature 502: S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bland, M.L. & Birnbaum, M.J. (2011) Cell biology. ADaPting to energetic stress. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332: 1387–1388.
A journal article with 3 authors
Diddams, S.A., Hollberg, L. & Mbele, V. (2007) Molecular fingerprinting with the resolved modes of a femtosecond laser frequency comb. Nature 445: 627–630.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, B., Qu, J., Zhang, W., Tan, L. & Gao, Y. (2014) Numerical evaluation of the scale problem on the wind flow of a windbreak. Scientific reports 4: 6619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morvillo, N. (2010) Science and Religion. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Hannemann, K. & Seiler, F. eds (2009) Shock Waves: 26th International Symposium on Shock Waves, Volume 1, 1st edn. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Thompson, K.O. (2016) The Humanities in Higher Education and Research in Taiwan: Current State and Challenges. In: The Humanities in Contemporary Chinese Contexts. The Humanities in Asia, (Eds E.T.Y. Chan & M. O’Sullivan), pp. 77–88. Springer, Singapore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Oral Implants Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) New DNA Technique Means Pointing The Finger At The Right Identical Twin Just Got Easier. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Information on the Labor Department’s Skill Training Improvement Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe, C.J. (2012) Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017) Heard the One About the Angsty Comic? New York Times AR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paulson 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bland & Birnbaum 2011; Paulson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bland & Birnbaum 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Oral Implants Research
AbbreviationClin. Oral Implants Res.
ISSN (print)0905-7161
ISSN (online)1600-0501
ScopeOral Surgery

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