How to format your references using the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gaffan D. 2005 Neuroscience. Widespread cortical networks underlie memory and attention. Science 309, 2172–2173.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Saunders MA, Lea AS. 2005 Seasonal prediction of hurricane activity reaching the coast of the United States. Nature 434, 1005–1008.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Diddams SA, Hollberg L, Mbele V. 2007 Molecular fingerprinting with the resolved modes of a femtosecond laser frequency comb. Nature 445, 627–630.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Canali E, Bolchi A, Spagnoli G, Seitz H, Rubio I, Pertinhez TA, Müller M, Ottonello S. 2014 A high-performance thioredoxin-based scaffold for peptide immunogen construction: proof-of-concept testing with a human papillomavirus epitope. Sci. Rep. 4, 4729.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bruen GO. 2015 WHOIS Running the Internet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
1.
Ouzzani M. 2011 Semantic Web Services for Web Databases. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bu T-M. 2008 Adwords Pricing. In Encyclopedia of Algorithms (ed M-Y Kao), pp. 7–9. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. 2016 How Three-Day Weekends Can Help Save The World (And Us Too). IFLScience. See https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/how-threeday-weekends-can-help-save-the-world-and-us-too/ (accessed on 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 1981 Cooperative Extension Service’s Mission and Federal Role Need Congressional Clarification.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gates DA. 2017 Best Practices and Strategies for Financial Literacy in Faith-Based Organizations. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Chira S. 2016 Protests Carry Echoes of South Korea’s Past. New York Times, 10 December. , A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
AbbreviationPhilos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0962-8436
ISSN (online)1471-2970
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Other styles