How to format your references using the BBA - Proteins and Proteomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BBA - Proteins and Proteomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.W. Parman, Helium isotopic evidence for episodic mantle melting and crustal growth, Nature. 446 (2007) 900–903.
A journal article with 2 authors
F.L.W. Takken, W.I.L. Tameling, To nibble at plant resistance proteins, Science. 324 (2009) 744–746.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.T. Mohr, M.R. Krout, B.M. Stoltz, Natural products as inspiration for the development of asymmetric catalysis, Nature. 455 (2008) 323–332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.P. Bhattacharyya, A. Reményi, M.C. Good, C.J. Bashor, A.M. Falick, W.A. Lim, The Ste5 scaffold allosterically modulates signaling output of the yeast mating pathway, Science. 311 (2006) 822–826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Smed, H. Hakonen, Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
J. Tang, Intrusion Detection for IP-Based Multimedia Communications over Wireless Networks, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
I.S. Gill, Laparoscopic Surgery for Renal Cell Carcinoma, in: A.C. Novick, J. Stephen Jones, I.S. Gill, E.A. Klein, R. Rackley, J.H. Ross (Eds.), Operative Urology at the Cleveland Clinic, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2006: pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BBA - Proteins and Proteomics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Mega-Droughts Will Severely Threaten Western U.S. By 2100, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA: Human Space Exploration Programs Face Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Armstrong, Tactic-Based Learning for collective learning systems, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times. (2017) MM28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBBA - Proteins and Proteomics
AbbreviationBiochim. Biophys. Acta Proteins Proteom.
ISSN (print)1570-9639
Molecular Biology
Analytical Chemistry

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