How to format your references using the Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner M. Bad words. Nature. 2001 Jun 14;411(6839):743.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hidalgo C, Donoso P. Cell signaling. Getting to the heart of mechanotransduction. Science. 2011 Sep 9;333(6048):1388–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scherer E, Munker C, Mezger K. Calibration of the lutetium-hafnium clock. Science. 2001 Jul 27;293(5530):683–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pietzsch O, Kubetzka A, Bode M, Wiesendanger R. Observation of magnetic hysteresis at the nanometer scale by spin-polarized scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Science. 2001 Jun 15;292(5524):2053–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hines M. Marketing implant dentistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Veiga LB da. The Mimetic Finite Difference Method for Elliptic Problems. Lipnikov K, Manzini G, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. (MS&A - Modeling, Simulation and Applications; vol. 11).
A chapter in an edited book
Dahlgren MA. Higher Education and Becoming a Professional. In: Scanlon L, editor. “Becoming” a Professional: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Professional Learning. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E. Axolotl feared extinct in the wild [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reports and Testimony: August 1991. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Aug. Report No.: OPA-91-13.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ithier-Guzman W. Assessing the ability of soils and sediment to adsorb and retain cesium-137 in Puerto Rico [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith M, Davey M, Blinder A. Random Shots on a Deadly Night for Kalamazoo. New York Times. 2016 Feb 21;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Konner 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Konner 2001; Hidalgo and Donoso 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hidalgo and Donoso 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Pietzsch et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Nutrition
AbbreviationAnim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)2405-6545

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