How to format your references using the Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conrad CP. Oceans. How climate influences sea-floor topography. Science. 2015 Mar 13;347(6227):1204–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ćuk M, Stewart ST. Making the Moon from a fast-spinning Earth: a giant impact followed by resonant despinning. Science. 2012 Nov 23;338(6110):1047–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang C, Yang YP, Duan YW. Pollen sensitivity to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) suggests floral structure evolution in alpine plants. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 31;4:4520.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kovalchuk O, Dubrova YE, Arkhipov A, Hohn B, Kovalchuk I. Wheat mutation rate after Chernobyl. Nature. 2000 Oct 5;407(6804):583–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme R. Flows and Chemical Reactions in Homogeneous Mixtures. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Corrigan ML, Escuro AA, Kirby DF, editors. Handbook of Clinical Nutrition and Stroke. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. (Nutrition and Health).
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao N, Zhang H. An Wavelet Multi-scale Edge Detection Algorithm Based on Adaptive Dual Threshold. In: Lin S, Huang X, editors. Advanced Research on Computer Education, Simulation and Modeling: International Conference, CESM 2011, Wuhan, China, June 18-19, 2011 Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 20–5. (Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Hale T. Police Seize Over 3 Tons Of Pangolin Scales In Giant Haul In Thailand. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Highway Programs: Status of Federal Highway Programs in the Absence of Reauthorization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Nov. Report No.: T-RCED-98-38.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amini B. Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mcbride M, Blackmon T, Reid F, Skinner BW. Don’t Wait For a Perfect Protest. New York Times. 2017 Sep 2;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conrad 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ćuk and Stewart 2012; Conrad 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ćuk and Stewart 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kovalchuk et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Nutrition
AbbreviationAnim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)2405-6545

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