How to format your references using the Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hochstrasser M. Molecular biology. New proteases in a ubiquitin stew. Science. 2002 Oct 18;298(5593):549–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clausen S, Smith AB. Palaeoanatomy and biological affinities of a Cambrian deuterostome (Stylophora). Nature. 2005 Nov 17;438(7066):351–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hassan MA, Mahmoodian R, Hamdi M. Modified smoothed particle hydrodynamics (MSPH) for the analysis of centrifugally assisted TiC-Fe-Al2O3 combustion synthesis. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 16;4:3724.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Caspi A, McClay J, Moffitt TE, Mill J, Martin J, Craig IW, et al. Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children. Science. 2002 Aug 2;297(5582):851–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemberger P, Morel M. Managing Complexity of Information Systems. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
de Franchis R, Dell’Era A, editors. Variceal Hemorrhage. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Erozan YS, Ramzy I. Respiratory Infections. In: Ramzy I, editor. Pulmonary Cytopathology. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014. p. 53–85. (Essentials in Cytopathology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Wikipedia Bots Are Having Editing Wars That Can Last For Years [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/wikipedia-bots-are-having-editing-wars-that-can-last-for-years/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Proprietary Schools: Improved Department of Education Oversight Needed to Help Ensure Only Eligible Students Receive Federal Student Aid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Oct. Report No.: GAO-10-127T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roediger E. Relaxation Skills Training for Elementary Aged Children [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M. May’s Most Popular Properties. New York Times. 2017 Jun 9;RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hochstrasser 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hochstrasser 2002; Clausen and Smith 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clausen and Smith 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Caspi et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Nutrition
AbbreviationAnim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)2405-6545
Scope

Other styles