How to format your references using the Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beard C. Paleontology. East of Eden at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary. Science. 2002 Mar 15;295(5562):2028–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Loosdrecht MCM, Brdjanovic D. Water treatment. Anticipating the next century of wastewater treatment. Science. 2014 Jun 27;344(6191):1452–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gouldstone A, Van Vliet KJ, Suresh S. Nanoindentation. Simulation of defect nucleation in a crystal. Nature. 2001 Jun 7;411(6838):656.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lauwereyns J, Watanabe K, Coe B, Hikosaka O. A neural correlate of response bias in monkey caudate nucleus. Nature. 2002 Jul 25;418(6896):413–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corley RHV, Tinker PB. The Oil Palm. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Kim HK, Ao S-I, Amouzegar MA, Rieger BB, editors. IAENG Transactions on Engineering Technologies: Special Issue of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2012. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; vol. 247).
A chapter in an edited book
Drechsel P, Mahjoub O, Keraita B. Social and Cultural Dimensions in Wastewater Use. In: Drechsel P, Qadir M, Wichelns D, editors. Wastewater: Economic Asset in an Urbanizing World. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 75–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Hale T. Ancient Orkney Islanders Had An Extremely Gory And Bizarre Death Ritual [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges 10 Years after the Maritime Transportation Security Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-1009T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yates SL. Asian Indian women with gestational diabetes improving care for mothers and babies “Dals, Dosas and me” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Chief Justice Advocates Higher Pay for Judiciary. New York Times. 2007 Jan 1;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beard 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Beard 2002; van Loosdrecht and Brdjanovic 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Loosdrecht and Brdjanovic 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lauwereyns et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Nutrition
AbbreviationAnim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)2405-6545

Other styles