How to format your references using the Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferry DK. Materials science. Nanowires in nanoelectronics. Science. 2008 Feb 1;319(5863):579–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stahley MR, Strobel SA. Structural evidence for a two-metal-ion mechanism of group I intron splicing. Science. 2005 Sep 2;309(5740):1587–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willbold M, Elliott T, Moorbath S. The tungsten isotopic composition of the Earth’s mantle before the terminal bombardment. Nature. 2011 Sep 7;477(7363):195–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Espagne E, Dupuy C, Huguet E, Cattolico L, Provost B, Martins N, et al. Genome sequence of a polydnavirus: insights into symbiotic virus evolution. Science. 2004 Oct 8;306(5694):286–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baban TM. Shallow Foundations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Hirsch EA, Karhumäki J, Lepistö A, Prilutskii M, editors. Computer Science – Theory and Applications: 7th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2012, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, July 3-7, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7353).
A chapter in an edited book
Borgelt C, Picado-Muiño D. Simple Pattern Spectrum Estimation for Fast Pattern Filtering with CoCoNAD. In: Blockeel H, Leeuwen M van, Vinciotti V, editors. Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XIII: 13th International Symposium, IDA 2014, Leuven, Belgium, October 30 – November 1, 2014 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 37–48. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Hale T. “Exercise In A Pill” Makes Mice Run For 70 Percent Longer [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Strategic Planning Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs across Multiple Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jan. Report No.: GAO-12-108.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray RT. Utilization of a Clinical Reminder System to Increase the Incidence of HIV Screening in a Primary Care Clinic [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gluck JP. Regretting My Animal Research. New York Times. 2016 Sep 2;SR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferry 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Stahley and Strobel 2005; Ferry 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stahley and Strobel 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Espagne et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Nutrition
AbbreviationAnim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)2405-6545

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