How to format your references using the Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D. Entertaining science. Nature. 2010 Jul 1;466(7302):27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sil S, Umapathy S. Raman spectroscopy explores molecular structural signatures of hidden materials in depth: Universal Multiple Angle Raman Spectroscopy. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 16;4:5308.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiner SL, Sallusto F, Lanzavecchia A. Division of labor with a workforce of one: challenges in specifying effector and memory T cell fate. Science. 2007 Aug 3;317(5838):622–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Song Y, Altarejos J, Goodarzi MO, Inoue H, Guo X, Berdeaux R, et al. CRTC3 links catecholamine signalling to energy balance. Nature. 2010 Dec 16;468(7326):933–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickson EFG. Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Ghatak KP. Photoemission from Optoelectronic Materials and their Nanostructures. Bhattacharya S, De D, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. (Nanostructure Science and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
Pule-Meulenberg F. Root-Nodule Bacteria of Legumes Growing in Semi-Arid African Soils and Other Areas of the World. In: Maheshwari DK, editor. Bacterial Diversity in Sustainable Agriculture. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 101–30. (Sustainable Development and Biodiversity).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Davis J. Researchers Discover How Bees Naturally “Vaccinate” Their Young [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC Should Evaluate the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Lifeline Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Mar. Report No.: GAO-15-335.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanford V. Finding theatre from within: Augusto Boal’s Games for Non-Actors in an Introduction to Acting class [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lanchester J. The Major Blind Spots in Macroeconomics. New York Times. 2017 Feb 7;MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sarewitz 2010; Sil and Umapathy 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sil and Umapathy 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Nutrition
AbbreviationAnim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)2405-6545

Other styles