How to format your references using the Journal of Dairy Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dairy Science (JDS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuk, M. 2007. Excitation of lunar eccentricity by planetary resonances. Science 318:244.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheffield, M.E.J., and D.A. Dombeck. 2015. Calcium transient prevalence across the dendritic arbour predicts place field properties. Nature 517:200–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic, P., J.R. Sambles, and C.R. Lawrence. 2000. Colour mixing in wing scales of a butterfly. Nature 404:457.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, L., T.P. Wong, M.F. Pozza, K. Lingenhoehl, Y. Wang, M. Sheng, Y.P. Auberson, and Y.T. Wang. 2004. Role of NMDA receptor subtypes in governing the direction of hippocampal synaptic plasticity. Science 304:1021–1024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Montgomery, G.E., and H.C. Schuch. 2007. GIS Data Conversion Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zanetti, M., and S.P. Schoenberger eds. . 2010. Memory T Cells. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng, G., B. Gong, J.S. Wang, J. Li, and J. Zhu. 2014. BeiDou/GPS Indirect Fusion Precision Orbit Determination. J. Sun, W. Jiao, H. Wu, and M. Lu, ed. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dairy Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. Head Transplant Surgeon Reveals Bizarre New Studies And Breakthroughs. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. The Urban Underclass: Disturbing Problems Demanding Attention. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ren, W. 2013. The Portrayal of Risk-taking Behaviors in Traffic on the Prime-time Television Series. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jeffries, M.P. 2017. The Rage in Harlem, and Beyond. New York Times BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cuk, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cuk, 2007; Sheffield and Dombeck, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheffield and Dombeck, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dairy Science
AbbreviationJ. Dairy Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-0302
ISSN (online)1525-3198
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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