How to format your references using the Journal of Dairy Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dairy Science (JDS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levine, A.G. 2008. Science careers. Finance’s quant(um) mechanics. Science 322:1264–1265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hatton, R.D., and C.T. Weaver. 2003. Immunology. T-bet or not T-bet. Science 302:993–994.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayr, C., M.T. Hemann, and D.P. Bartel. 2007. Disrupting the pairing between let-7 and Hmga2 enhances oncogenic transformation. Science 315:1576–1579.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kerns, J.G., J.D. Cohen, A.W. MacDonald 3rd, R.Y. Cho, V.A. Stenger, and C.S. Carter. 2004. Anterior cingulate conflict monitoring and adjustments in control. Science 303:1023–1026.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spotte, S. 2016. Tarpons. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Martinelli, E. ed. . 2011. Classi Caratteristiche e Questioni Connesse. C.I.M.E. Summer Schools. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Razeghi, M., Q. Lu, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Slivken, and Y. Bai. 2014. High Power, Narrow-Linewidth, and Compact Terahertz Sources for Room Temperature Applications. C. Corsi and F. Sizov, ed. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dairy Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2017. Breakthrough In Search For Life As Seven Earth-Sized Worlds Found Orbiting Nearby Star. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Acquisition Workforce: DOT Lacks Data, Oversight, and Strategic Focus Needed to Address Significant Workforce Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lenz, R.M. 2017. Iron, Arsenic, and Elevated Salinity in the Lower Mississippi River Alluvial Aquifer of Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kang, C. 2017. What’s at Stake in the Discussions Between Comcast, Charter and Sprint. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levine, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hatton and Weaver, 2003; Levine, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hatton and Weaver, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kerns et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dairy Science
AbbreviationJ. Dairy Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-0302
ISSN (online)1525-3198
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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