How to format your references using the Journal of Dairy Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dairy Science (JDS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stevenson, D.J. 2001. Planetary science. Jupiter and its moons. Science 294:71–72.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fedoroff, N., and W. Fontana. 2002. Genetic networks. Small numbers of big molecules. Science 297:1129–1131.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santra, M.K., N. Wajapeyee, and M.R. Green. 2009. F-box protein FBXO31 mediates cyclin D1 degradation to induce G1 arrest after DNA damage. Nature 459:722–725.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petukhova, L., M. Duvic, M. Hordinsky, D. Norris, V. Price, Y. Shimomura, H. Kim, P. Singh, A. Lee, W.V. Chen, K.C. Meyer, R. Paus, C.A.B. Jahoda, C.I. Amos, P.K. Gregersen, and A.M. Christiano. 2010. Genome-wide association study in alopecia areata implicates both innate and adaptive immunity. Nature 466:113–117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nahar, L., and S.D. Sarker. 2012. Steroid Dimers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Compans, R.W., and M.B.A. Oldstone eds. . 2014. Influenza Pathogenesis and Control - Volume I. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, F., M. Hadjileftheriou, G. Kollios, and L. Reyzin. 2008. Authenticated Index Structures for Outsourced Databases. M. Gertz and S. Jajodia, ed. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dairy Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2017. New Battery Technologies Developed That Don’t Need Rare Materials. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Inland Waterways Fuel Tax: Additional Data Could Enhance IRS’s Efforts to Ensure Taxpayer Compliance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramakrishnan, T. 2017. Rehabilitating Asymmetric Gait Using Asymmetry. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lanchester, J. 2016. What the West Can Learn From Japan About the Cultural Value of Work. New York Times MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stevenson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Stevenson, 2001; Fedoroff and Fontana, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fedoroff and Fontana, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Petukhova et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dairy Science
AbbreviationJ. Dairy Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-0302
ISSN (online)1525-3198
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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