How to format your references using the Journal of Cystic Fibrosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bowman L. Different directions? Nature 2003;426:712.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Liao S, Seeman NC. Translation of DNA signals into polymer assembly instructions. Science 2004;306:2072–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Giovannetti V, Lloyd S, Maccone L. Quantum-enhanced measurements: beating the standard quantum limit. Science 2004;306:1330–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Xu W, Li X, Cao J, Zhang H, Zhang H. Membranes with well-defined ions transport channels fabricated via solvent-responsive layer-by-layer assembly method for vanadium flow battery. Sci Rep 2014;4:4016.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Armaroli N, Balzani V. Energy for a Sustainable World. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Marshall PD, D’Cruz G, McDonald S, Lee K, editors. Contemporary Publics: Shifting Boundaries in New Media, Technology and Culture. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Monnier P. Equipment and Instrumentation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy. In: Monnier P, editor. Pediatric Airway Surgery: Management of Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Infants and Children, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 45–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Dramatic Stellar Cycle Of Death And Rebirth Captured By European Space Observatory. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: VA and DOD Are Making Progress in Sharing Medical Information, but Remain Far from Having Comprehensive Electronic Medical Records. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Sarachana T. Investigation of post-transcriptional gene regulatory networks associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) by miRNA expression profiling of lymphoblastoid cell lines. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Marx L. Two Different Cultures, One Modern Marriage. New York Times 2017:ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
AbbreviationJ. Cyst. Fibros.
ISSN (print)1569-1993
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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