How to format your references using the Journal of Cystic Fibrosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bennett CL. Cosmology from start to finish. Nature 2006;440:1126–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hespos SJ, Spelke ES. Conceptual precursors to language. Nature 2004;430:453–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Idzko M, Ferrari D, Eltzschig HK. Nucleotide signalling during inflammation. Nature 2014;509:310–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Luu DT, Qin X, Morse D, Cappadocia M. S-RNase uptake by compatible pollen tubes in gametophytic self-incompatibility. Nature 2000;407:649–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wrobel GM, Neil E. International Advances in Adoption Research for Practice. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
González RG, Hirsch JA, Lev MH, Schaefer PW, Schwamm LH, editors. Acute Ischemic Stroke: Imaging and Intervention. 2nd ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhang W, Liu D, Li G, Zhang W. Special Task Scheduling and Control of Cluster Parallel Computing for High-Performance Ground Processing System. In: Alexandrov VN, Albada GD van, Sloot PMA, Dongarra J, editors. Computational Science – ICCS 2006: 6th International Conference, Reading, UK, May 28-31, 2006. Proceedings, Part III, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 17–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Space Geckos May Be Safe After All As Russia Regains Control Of Sex Satellite. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Strategic Air Command: KC-135A Crash and the Need for SAC Air Show Regulations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yobby J. Application of Genetic Algorithm Optimization of Thermodynamic Fluids Designs. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mueller B. Bicyclist Is Killed by Car Fleeing Court Police. New York Times 2015:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
AbbreviationJ. Cyst. Fibros.
ISSN (print)1569-1993
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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