How to format your references using the Journal of Cystic Fibrosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Dalton R. Legal row looms for gene-map firm. Nature 2003;423:470.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nelson DL, Gibbs RA. Genetics. The critical region in trisomy 21. Science 2004;306:619–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Max CE, Canalizo G, de Vries WH. Locating the two black holes in NGC 6240. Science 2007;316:1877–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Nishio J, Gaglia JL, Turvey SE, Campbell C, Benoist C, Mathis D. Islet recovery and reversal of murine type 1 diabetes in the absence of any infused spleen cell contribution. Science 2006;311:1775–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Prud’homme R. Flows and Chemical Reactions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Reguero M. Late Cretaceous/Paleogene West Antarctica Terrestrial Biota and its Intercontinental Affinities. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Alber Y, Ryazantseva I. REGULARIZATION OF VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES. In: Ryazantseva I, editor. Nonlinear Ill-posed Problems of Monotone Type, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006, p. 191–258.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Dead Basking Shark Caught and Donated to Museum Victoria. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/dead-basking-shark-caught-and-donated-museum-victoria/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Strategic Planning Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs across Multiple Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Long KE. Voluntary exiles: Short-term Western expatriates in three Chinese cities. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justice Dept. Admits Error In Failure To Brief Court. New York Times 2008:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
AbbreviationJ. Cyst. Fibros.
ISSN (print)1569-1993
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles