How to format your references using the Journal of Cystic Fibrosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. French lessons. Nature 2005;435:849.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hivon E, Kamionkowski M. Cosmology. A new window to the early universe. Science 2002;298:1349–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Li X, Zhao J, Yang J. Semihydrogenated BN sheet: a promising visible-light driven photocatalyst for water splitting. Sci Rep 2013;3:1858.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Luo W, Wang X, Meyers C, Wannenmacher N, Sirisaksoontorn W, Lerner MM, et al. Efficient fabrication of nanoporous si and Si/Ge enabled by a heat scavenger in magnesiothermic reactions. Sci Rep 2013;3:2222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
George MD, Donley TG, Preshaw PM. Ultrasonic Periodontal Debridement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Cavallucci D, Guio R de, Cascini G, editors. Building Innovation Pipelines through Computer-Aided Innovation: 4th IFIP WG 5.4 Working Conference, CAI 2011, Strasbourg, France, June 30 – July 1, 2011. Proceedings. vol. 355. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Orlov Y, Fridman E. On Stability of Linear Retarded Distributed Parameter Systems of Parabolic Type. In: Loiseau JJ, Michiels W, Niculescu S-I, Sipahi R, editors. Topics in Time Delay Systems: Analysis, Algorithms and Control, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 49–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Science Says Couples In Lasting Relationships Typically wait This Long To Start Having Sex. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/science-says-couples-in-lasting-relationships-typically-wait-this-long-to-start-having-sex/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Regulating Domestic Telecommunications Common Carriers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Oparnica D. The role of nurses in health care reform: A project report. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. Harrisburg Expects to Miss a Bond Payment. New York Times 2010:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
AbbreviationJ. Cyst. Fibros.
ISSN (print)1569-1993
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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