How to format your references using the Journal of Cystic Fibrosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Malakoff D. ELECTION 2000: Uncertainty Wins by a Landslide. Science 2000;290:1277–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hopkins R, Rausher MD. Pollinator-mediated selection on flower color allele drives reinforcement. Science 2012;335:1090–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hill EW, Jobling MA, Bradley DG. Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins. Nature 2000;404:351–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Chen H, Kandasamy S, Orszag S, Shock R, Succi S, Yakhot V. Extended Boltzmann kinetic equation for turbulent flows. Science 2003;301:633–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kriegel J. Unfairly Labeled. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Karampelas P, Ekonomou L, editors. Electricity Distribution: Intelligent Solutions for Electricity Transmission and Distribution Networks. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Osipov A, Rokhlin V, Xiao H. Analysis of the Integral Operator. In: Rokhlin V, Xiao H, editors. Prolate Spheroidal Wave Functions of Order Zero: Mathematical Tools for Bandlimited Approximation, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013, p. 135–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cystic Fibrosis.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Judge Rules In Favour Of Father Who Wants To Vaccinate His Children. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/judge-rules-favour-father-who-wants-vaccinate-his-children/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Broadcasters’ Transition Status, Low-Power Station Issues, and Information on Consumer Awareness of the DTV Transition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Shakya M. Planter Boxes and Rain Gardens for Urban Stormwater Management: Performance of Extended Field Application. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. Exit Hammet, Enter Holmes. New York Times 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
AbbreviationJ. Cyst. Fibros.
ISSN (print)1569-1993
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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