How to format your references using the Australian Orthoptic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Orthoptic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Anderson BL. Psychology. Bird-brained illusionists. Science. 2012 Jan 20;335(6066):292–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stixrude L, Peacor DR. First-principles study of illite-smectite and implications for clay mineral systems. Nature. 2002 Nov 14;420(6912):165–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kinoshita T, Wenger T, Weiss DS. Observation of a one-dimensional Tonks-Girardeau gas. Science. 2004 Aug 20;305(5687):1125–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Strano MS, Dyke CA, Usrey ML, Barone PW, Allen MJ, Shan H, et al. Electronic structure control of single-walled carbon nanotube functionalization. Science. 2003 Sep 12;301(5639):1519–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Andresen R, Oades LG, Caputi P. Psychological Recovery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Gong M, Linqiang P, Tao S, Tang K, Zhang X, editors. Bio-Inspired Computing -- Theories and Applications: 10th International Conference, BIC-TA 2015 Hefei, China, September 25-28, 2015, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. XVIII, 727 p. 303 illus. in color. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 562).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Blümm M, Schmunk S. Digital Research Infrastructures: DARIAH. In: Münster S, Pfarr-Harfst M, Kuroczyński P, Ioannides M, editors. 3D Research Challenges in Cultural Heritage II: How to Manage Data and Knowledge Related to Interpretative Digital 3D Reconstructions of Cultural Heritage. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 62–73. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Orthoptic Journal.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Scientists Discover 20 Shark Pups In The First Tiger Shark Sonogram Ever [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-discover-20-shark-pups-in-the-first-shark-sonogram-ever/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: Increased Reliance on Contractors Can Pose Oversight Challenges for Federal and State Officials. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Jan. Report No.: GAO-08-198.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Giuseffi FG. Investigation of the Influence of the Socratic Method on Leadership Skills among JROTC Cadet Leaders at a Military Boarding School [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Johnson G. Still Exerting a Hold on Science. New York Times. 2014 Jun 24;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Orthoptic Journal
ISSN (print)0814-0936
Scope

Other styles