How to format your references using the Australian Orthoptic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Orthoptic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sanderson K. Display of flexibility. Nature. 2007 Feb 1;445(7127):473.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Su F, Xu P. Genomic analysis of thermophilic Bacillus coagulans strains: efficient producers for platform bio-chemicals. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 29;4:3926.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kovács ÁM, Téglás E, Endress AD. The social sense: susceptibility to others’ beliefs in human infants and adults. Science. 2010 Dec 24;330(6012):1830–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhu Y, Zhuang J, Ge X, Zhang X, Wang Z, Sun J, et al. Identifcation of a novel mutation p.I240T in the FRMD7 gene in a family with congenital nystagmus. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 30;3:3084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Coombs WT, Holladay SJ. Managing Corporate Social Responsibility. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Zeitler PS, Nadeau KJ, editors. Insulin Resistance: Childhood Precursors and Adult Disease. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008. XI, 331 p. (Contemporary Endocrinology).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zarankin A, Salerno M. So Far, So Close. Approaching Experience in the Study of the Encounter Between Sealers and the South Shetland Islands (Antarctica, Nineteenth Century). In: Peder R, van der Watt LM, Howkins A, editors. Antarctica and the Humanities. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 79–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Orthoptic Journal.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Chile Has Generated So Much Solar Power It’s Giving It Away For Free [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/chile-has-generated-so-much-solar-power-its-giving-it-away-for-free/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Motor Carriers: DOT Is Shifting to Performance-Based Standards to Assess Whether Carriers Operate Safely. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Nov. Report No.: RCED-98-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Luna M. A Case Study of the Influence of Multipurpose Spaces on Campus Life at an Institution of Art and Design [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Nir SM. Pocket Dial to Reporter Gets Courts’ Spokesman Fired. New York Times. 2017 Aug 17;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Orthoptic Journal
ISSN (print)0814-0936
Scope

Other styles