How to format your references using the Counselling and Psychotherapy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramesar, R. (2015). Genomics: African dawn. Nature, 517(7534), 276–277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Falk, A., & Szech, N. (2013). Morals and markets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 707–711.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fonseca, P. J., Münch, D., & Hennig, R. M. (2000). How cicadas interpret acoustic signals. Nature, 405(6784), 297–298.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Möller, P., Madland, D. G., Sierk, A. J., & Iwamoto, A. (2001). Nuclear fission modes and fragment mass asymmetries in a five-dimensional deformation space. Nature, 409(6822), 785–790.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gutiérrez, Í., Meléndez, J., & Hernández, E. (2007). Design and Characterization of Integrated Varactors for RF Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fergus, J. W., Mishra, B., Anderson, D., Sarver, E. A., & Neelameggham, N. R. (Eds.). (2016). Engineering Solutions for Sustainability: Materials and Resources II. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hull, C., & Searle, B. (2007). The Impact of Equalization on Service Delivery. In J. Martinez-Vazquez & B. Searle (Eds.), Fiscal Equalization: Challenges in the Design of Intergovernmental Transfers (pp. 61–93). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Counselling and Psychotherapy Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, July 16). Dissolvable Microneedles Beat Flu Vaccine Injection. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). NCAA Student Athlete Pell Grants (No. OSI-95-13R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph, O. W. (2009). A study of the effectiveness of mentor roles in a rural school district (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, July 27). Strange Weather. New York Times, p. C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramesar, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Falk & Szech, 2013; Ramesar, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Falk & Szech, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Fonseca, Münch, & Hennig, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Möller, Madland, Sierk, & Iwamoto, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCounselling and Psychotherapy Research
AbbreviationCouns. Psychother. Res.
ISSN (print)1473-3145
ISSN (online)1746-1405
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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