How to format your references using the Counselling and Psychotherapy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. (2000). OCEANOGRAPHY: Missing Mixing Found in the Deep Sea. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5473), 1947–1949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gibbs, R. A., & Nelson, D. L. (2003). Human genetics. Primate shadow play. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5611), 1331–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavine, M., Frisk, M., & Pennisi, E. (2012). Biomaterials. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6109), 899.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Franzese, G., Malescio, G., Skibinsky, A., Buldyrev, S. V., & Stanley, H. E. (2001). Generic mechanism for generating a liquid-liquid phase transition. Nature, 409(6821), 692–695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yan, W. (2014). Crop Variety Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Marchand-Maillet, S., Bruno, E., Nürnberger, A., & Detyniecki, M. (Eds.). (2007). Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: User, Context, and Feedback: 4th International Workshop, AMR 2006, Geneva, Switzerland, July 27-28, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4398). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Trinci, M., Sessa, B., Menichini, G., Valentini, V., & Miele, V. (2015). Abdominal Trauma. In V. Miele & M. Trinci (Eds.), Imaging Trauma and Polytrauma in Pediatric Patients (pp. 65–100). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Counselling and Psychotherapy Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 4). Castro’s Cuban Crocodiles At Risk Of Interbreeding. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Highway Funding: Alternatives for Distributing Federal Funds (RCED-96-6). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladd, R. J. (2014). A Study of Alternative Education Programs in the State of Missouri [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, June 24). Whimsical Boyfriends. New York Times, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gibbs & Nelson, 2003; Kerr, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gibbs & Nelson, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Lavine et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Franzese et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCounselling and Psychotherapy Research
AbbreviationCouns. Psychother. Res.
ISSN (print)1473-3145
ISSN (online)1746-1405
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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