How to format your references using the Counselling and Psychotherapy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, J. A. (2014). Solar system: Ring in the new. Nature, 508(7494), 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kanematsu, Y., & Takahashi, K. (2007). Employing Japan’s postdocs. Nature, 447(7147), 1028.
A journal article with 3 authors
Piras, V., Tomita, M., & Selvarajoo, K. (2014). Transcriptome-wide variability in single embryonic development cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 7137.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rempel, M., Schüssler, M., Cameron, R. H., & Knölker, M. (2009). Penumbral structure and outflows in simulated sunspots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5937), 171–174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyce, P. M., & Lipton, D. (2013). Lamentations Through the Centuries. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Pelton, J. (2015). Digital Defense: A Cybersecurity Primer (I. B. Singh, Ed.; 1st ed. 2015). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Genovese, A., Piuri, V., & Scotti, F. (2014). Palmprint Biometrics. In V. Piuri & F. Scotti (Eds.), Touchless Palmprint Recognition Systems (pp. 49–109). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Counselling and Psychotherapy Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 17). Amazing Video Shows Our Solar System To Scale Across Seven Miles Of Desert. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Further Improvement Needed in the Management of Magnetic Tapes by Goddard Space Flight Center (B-164392). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turpie, K. R. (2012). Enhancement of a canopy reflectance model for understanding the specular and spectral effects of an aquatic background in an inundated tidal marsh [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2007, December 2). Savoir Fair. New York Times, 6150.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Burns, 2014; Kanematsu & Takahashi, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kanematsu & Takahashi, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Piras et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rempel et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCounselling and Psychotherapy Research
AbbreviationCouns. Psychother. Res.
ISSN (print)1473-3145
ISSN (online)1746-1405
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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