How to format your references using the Counselling and Psychotherapy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markl, H. (2001). Research doesn’t denigrate humanity. Nature, 412(6846), 479–480.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, H. K., & Lee, J.-L. (2014). Growth mechanism of metal-oxide nanowires synthesized by electron beam evaporation: a self-catalytic vapor-liquid-solid process. Scientific Reports, 4, 6589.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Y., Ramu, Y., & Lu, Z. (2008). Removal of phospho-head groups of membrane lipids immobilizes voltage sensors of K+ channels. Nature, 451(7180), 826–829.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Marichal, C., Van Swygenhoven, H., Van Petegem, S., & Borca, C. (2013). {110} Slip with {112} slip traces in bcc Tungsten. Scientific Reports, 3, 2547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Snell, R. S., & Lemp, M. A. (1997). Clinical Anatomy of the Eye. Blackwell Science Ltd,.
An edited book
Benner, P., Sorensen, D. C., & Mehrmann, V. (Eds.). (2005). Dimension Reduction of Large-Scale Systems: Proceedings of a Workshop held in Oberwolfach, Germany, October 19–25, 2003 (Vol. 45). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zomer, L. B., Daamen, W., Meijer, S., & Hoogendoorn, S. P. (2015). Managing Crowds: The Possibilities and Limitations of Crowd Information During Urban Mass Events. In S. Geertman, J. Ferreira Jr., R. Goodspeed, & J. Stillwell (Eds.), Planning Support Systems and Smart Cities (pp. 77–97). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Counselling and Psychotherapy Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 8). New Software Gives You An Animal-Eye View Of The World. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Status of Budget Authority Proposed for Rescission (OGC-84-12). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, D. L. (2014). BOUND/(bang) [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, September 4). Reinvigorated Astros Finish a Sweep of the Mets. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Markl, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Markl, 2001; Yu & Lee, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu & Lee, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Xu et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Marichal et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCounselling and Psychotherapy Research
AbbreviationCouns. Psychother. Res.
ISSN (print)1473-3145
ISSN (online)1746-1405
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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