How to format your references using the Journal of Curriculum Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Curriculum Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cho, A. (2008). American Physical Society meeting. Magnetic measurements hint at toastier superconductivity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5872), 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clayton, J., & Butler, D. (2004). The long and winding road. Nature, 430(7002), 937.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, X., Hansen, N., & Tsuji, N. (2006). Hardening by annealing and softening by deformation in nanostructured metals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 249–251.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cohen, E., Bieschke, J., Perciavalle, R. M., Kelly, J. W., & Dillin, A. (2006). Opposing activities protect against age-onset proteotoxicity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5793), 1604–1610.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pande, A., & Wolshon, B. (2015). Traffic Engineering Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cuellar, J., Maibaum, T., & Sere, K. (Eds.). (2008). FM 2008: Formal Methods: 15th International Symposium on Formal Methods, Turku, Finland, May 26-30, 2008 Proceedings (Vol. 5014). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosen, A., Itenberg, S., & Friedman, A. (2013). Histamine-Mediated Emergencies. In B. Buka, A. Uliasz, & K. Krishnamurthy (Eds.), Buka’s Emergencies in Dermatology (pp. 57–82). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Curriculum Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, September 23). This Year’s Ig Nobel Prize Winners Are As Bonkers As Ever. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Government Programs and Organization Affecting Exports (No. ID-79-41). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sinha, R. (2017). An Integrated Development Environment for the Clara Constraint-Programming Language (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, July 12). Finish Is a Beacon Of an Alluring World Cup. New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cho, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cho, 2008; Clayton & Butler, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clayton & Butler, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Huang, Hansen, & Tsuji, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cohen, Bieschke, Perciavalle, Kelly, & Dillin, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Curriculum Studies
AbbreviationJ. Curric. Stud.
ISSN (print)0022-0272
ISSN (online)1366-5839

Other styles