How to format your references using the Journal of Curriculum Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Curriculum Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P. (2015). Carl Djerassi (1923-2015). Nature, 519(7541), 34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Usherwood, J. R., & Wilson, A. M. (2005). Biomechanics: no force limit on greyhound sprint speed. Nature, 438(7069), 753–754.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amin, M., Farhat, M., & Baǧcı, H. (2013). A dynamically reconfigurable Fano metamaterial through graphene tuning for switching and sensing applications. Scientific Reports, 3, 2105.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Okamoto, M., Sugisaki, K., Murata, H., Hirasawa, H., Mayama, C., & Asaoka, R. (2014). Impact of better and worse eye damage on quality of life in advanced glaucoma. Scientific Reports, 4, 4144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferguson, N., Schneier, B., & Kohno, T. (2015). Cryptography Engineering. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Taylor, A. J., & Villines, T. C. (Eds.). (2013). Atherosclerosis: Clinical Perspectives Through Imaging. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lichte, P., & Pape, H.-C. (2014). The Multiply Injured Patient. In W. R. Smith & P. F. Stahel (Eds.), Management of Musculoskeletal Injuries in the Trauma Patient (pp. 111–119). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Curriculum Studies.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, February 24). Distinct Shapes Of Ancient Skulls Indicates Multiple Migrations Into Early Americas. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Information Technology: Management and Oversight of Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars Need Attention (GAO-09-624T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivas, V. E. (2014). Art appreciation program for homeless children: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, June 11). An Observer Inside the Terrifying World of Jihad. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2015; Usherwood & Wilson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Usherwood & Wilson, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Amin et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Okamoto et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Curriculum Studies
AbbreviationJ. Curric. Stud.
ISSN (print)0022-0272
ISSN (online)1366-5839

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