How to format your references using the Journal of Curriculum Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Curriculum Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett, B. A. (2010). Tidal dissipation and the strength of the Earth’s internal magnetic field. Nature, 468(7326), 952–954.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, J. R. A., & Kier, W. M. (2003). Switching skeletons: hydrostatic support in molting crabs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5630), 209–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hillenbrand, R., Taubner, T., & Keilmann, F. (2002). Phonon-enhanced light matter interaction at the nanometre scale. Nature, 418(6894), 159–162.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sánchez-Luque, F. J., Stich, M., Manrubia, S., Briones, C., & Berzal-Herranz, A. (2014). Efficient HIV-1 inhibition by a 16 nt-long RNA aptamer designed by combining in vitro selection and in silico optimisation strategies. Scientific Reports, 4, 6242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Gorman, T. W. (2012). Adaptive Tests of Significance Using Permutations of Residuals with R and SAS®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Williams, P. J., & Newhouse, C. P. (Eds.). (2013). Digital Representations of Student Performance for Assessment. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Yin, H., Chai, Y., Yang, S. X., & Chiu, D. K. Y. (2011). An Improved Mean-shift Tracking Algorithm Based on Adaptive Multiple Feature Fusion. In J. A. Cetto, J. Filipe, & J.-L. Ferrier (Eds.), Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics: Revised and Selected Papers from the International Conference on Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics 2009 (pp. 49–62). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Curriculum Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 25). New Research Reveals How Neurons “Grab” Memories. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Protest of Army Contract Award for Satellite Station (B-177637). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz, D. A. (2017). Safe Travels? An Examination of the Search and Rescue Policies and Capabilities in the Northwest Passage Region [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, August 21). Sempra Bid Tops Buffett in Billionaires’ Race for Energy Future. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buffett, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Buffett, 2010; Taylor & Kier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor & Kier, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Hillenbrand et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sánchez-Luque et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Curriculum Studies
AbbreviationJ. Curric. Stud.
ISSN (print)0022-0272
ISSN (online)1366-5839

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