How to format your references using the Journal of Curriculum Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Curriculum Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tian, P. (2011). Convergence: Where West meets East. Nature, 480(7378), S84-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ueshima, R., & Asami, T. (2003). Evolution: single-gene speciation by left-right reversal. Nature, 425(6959), 679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, C. W., Ciston, J., & Kanan, M. W. (2014). Electroreduction of carbon monoxide to liquid fuel on oxide-derived nanocrystalline copper. Nature, 508(7497), 504–507.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
López, S., Riera, P., Assaneo, M. F., Eguía, M., Sigman, M., & Trevisan, M. A. (2013). Vocal caricatures reveal signatures of speaker identity. Scientific Reports, 3, 3407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verma, J. P. (2016). Sports Research with Analytical Solution Using SPSS®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stepanova, M., & Dew, S. (Eds.). (2012). Nanofabrication: Techniques and Principles. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Delicato, F. C., Pires, P. F., & Batista, T. (2013). The Programming and Execution Module (PEM). In P. F. Pires & T. Batista (Eds.), Middleware Solutions for the Internet of Things (pp. 45–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Curriculum Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 20). Quit Sugar, Go Paleo, Embrace ‘Clean Food’: The Power Of Celebrity Nutrition. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Aviation Security: TSA Has Enhanced Its Explosives Detection Requirements for Checked Baggage, but Additional Screening Actions Are Needed (GAO-11-740). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lawrence, B. H. (2015). Evaluation of a cultural practice and 2,4-D-based herbicide programs for glyphosateresistant Palmer amaranth management [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, December 6). Jeter Deal Done; Now Comes Hard Part. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tian, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Tian, 2011; Ueshima & Asami, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ueshima & Asami, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (López et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Curriculum Studies
AbbreviationJ. Curric. Stud.
ISSN (print)0022-0272
ISSN (online)1366-5839

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