How to format your references using the Journal of Curriculum Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Curriculum Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watts, C. (2004). Immunology. The bell tolls for phagosome maturation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 976–977.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vajda, V., & McLoughlin, S. (2004). Fungal proliferation at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5663), 1489.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laskar, J., Levrard, B., & Mustard, J. F. (2002). Orbital forcing of the martian polar layered deposits. Nature, 419(6905), 375–377.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, J. S., Li, L., Wang, J. Y., Barry, D. A., Sheng, X. F., Gu, W. Z., Zhao, X., & Chen, L. (2004). Water resources: groundwater maintains dune landscape. Nature, 432(7016), 459–460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson, J. C. (2015). Lean Auditing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ruggeri, S. (Ed.). (2015). Human Rights in European Criminal Law: New Developments in European Legislation and Case Law after the Lisbon Treaty. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar, V., & Reinartz, W. (2012). Implementing the CRM Strategy. In W. Reinartz (Ed.), Customer Relationship Management: Concept, Strategy, and Tools (pp. 55–85). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Curriculum Studies.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, August 21). Parasites Prefer Gigantic, Castrated Water Fleas. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Computer Buys: Air Force Logistics Modernization Program Should Comply With Brooks Act (IMTEC-86-16). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsai, H.-Y. (2006). Elucidating the Role of Protein Cofactors in RNA Catalysis Using Ribonuclease P as the Model System [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, November 28). Court Explores Complexities In Job Discrimination Case. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watts, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Vajda & McLoughlin, 2004; Watts, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vajda & McLoughlin, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Laskar et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Curriculum Studies
AbbreviationJ. Curric. Stud.
ISSN (print)0022-0272
ISSN (online)1366-5839

Other styles