How to format your references using the Applied Clay Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Clay Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Corden, J.L., 2007. Transcription. Seven ups the code. Science 318, 1735–1736.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yagi, M., Oikawa, S., 2014. Ontogenetic phase shifts in metabolism in a flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Sci. Rep. 4, 7135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, L., Song, K., Hase, W.L., 2002. A SN2 reaction that avoids its deep potential energy minimum. Science 296, 875–878.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stanhope, M.J., Lupas, A., Italia, M.J., Koretke, K.K., Volker, C., Brown, J.R., 2001. Phylogenetic analyses do not support horizontal gene transfers from bacteria to vertebrates. Nature 411, 940–944.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hannam, J., 2017. What Everyone Needs to Know about Tax. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
de Mello, R.A., Tavares, Á., Mountzios, G. (Eds.), 2015. International Manual of Oncology Practice: (iMOP) - Principles of Medical Oncology, 1st ed. 2015. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Halaas, Ø., Husebye, H., Espevik1, T., 2007. The Journey of Toll-like Receptors in the Cell, in: Lambris, J.D. (Ed.), Current Topics in Innate Immunity, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Clay Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Why The Hell Is This Pig’s Flesh Bright Blue?! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. GAO Education Products (No. HEHS-95-72R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gindin, M., 2012. Identification and Characterization of Putative Secreted Proteins from the Adult-Stage Hookworm, Ancylostoma caninum (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF, 2010. Man Of Steel Lands On the iPhone. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Corden, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Corden, 2007; Yagi and Oikawa, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yagi and Oikawa, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Stanhope et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Clay Science
AbbreviationAppl. Clay Sci.
ISSN (print)0169-1317
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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