How to format your references using the Applied Clay Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Clay Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pusey, P.N., 2011. Physics. Brownian motion goes ballistic. Science 332, 802–803.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kraehenbuhl, J.-P., Corbett, M., 2004. Immunology. Keeping the gut microflora at bay. Science 303, 1624–1625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, R.-P., Chew, K.-H., He, S., 2013. Dynamic control of collapse in a vortex Airy beam. Sci. Rep. 3, 1406.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koshnick, N.C., Bluhm, H., Huber, M.E., Moler, K.A., 2007. Fluctuation superconductivity in mesoscopic aluminum rings. Science 318, 1440–1443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M., Kiamouche, W., Batatia, H., 2015. Connections Management Strategies in Satellite Cellular Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Landoni, G., Pisano, A., Zangrillo, A., Bellomo, R. (Eds.), 2016. Reducing Mortality in Acute Kidney Injury. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Haveman, M., Vochteloo, J., 2016. Huawei: A Case Study on a Telecom Giant on the Rise, in: Segers, R.T. (Ed.), Multinational Management: A Casebook on Asia’s Global Market Leaders. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 75–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Clay Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Stories Of Vaccine-Related Harms Are Influential, Even When People Don’t Believe Them [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-95-17(3)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mersch, C., 2012. Campus-based drunk-driving intervention program: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2016. Captain America’s Mom: Some Shocking News. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pusey, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kraehenbuhl and Corbett, 2004; Pusey, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kraehenbuhl and Corbett, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Koshnick et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Clay Science
AbbreviationAppl. Clay Sci.
ISSN (print)0169-1317
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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