How to format your references using the Applied Clay Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Clay Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe, D., 2011. Biodiversity: Endangered and in demand. Nature 480, S101-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trenberth, K.E., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., 2003. Paleoclimate. Toward integrated reconstruction of past climates. Science 300, 589–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maiorano, D., Moreau, J., Méchali, M., 2000. XCDT1 is required for the assembly of pre-replicative complexes in Xenopus laevis. Nature 404, 622–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bethlem, H.L., Berden, G., Crompvoets, F.M., Jongma, R.T., van Roij AJ, Meijer, G., 2000. Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules. Nature 406, 491–494.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phelan, J., 2013. Reading the American Novel 1920-2010. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Gengnagel, C., Kilian, A., Palz, N., Scheurer, F. (Eds.), 2012. Computational Design Modelling: Proceedings of the Design Modelling Symposium Berlin 2011. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Layton, W.J., Rebholz, L.G., 2012. Phenomenology of ADMs, in: Rebholz, L. (Ed.), Approximate Deconvolution Models of Turbulence: Analysis, Phenomenology and Numerical Analysis, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 89–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Clay Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Arctic Ice Thinning At Worrisome Rate [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Satellite Control Capabilities: National Policy Could Help Consolidation and Cost Savings (No. NSIAD-96-77). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, B.N., 2012. Middle School English Language Learner Electronic Media Usage and Its Relationship to Reading (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2016. Pandora Seeks a Way Out of the Internet Radio Doldrums. Cue Questlove. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham-Rowe, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Graham-Rowe, 2011; Trenberth and Otto-Bliesner, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trenberth and Otto-Bliesner, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bethlem et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Clay Science
AbbreviationAppl. Clay Sci.
ISSN (print)0169-1317
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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