How to format your references using the Applied Clay Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Clay Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gleick, P.H., 2003. Global freshwater resources: soft-path solutions for the 21st century. Science 302, 1524–1528.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nordborg, M., Weigel, D., 2008. Next-generation genetics in plants. Nature 456, 720–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bandfield, J.L., Glotch, T.D., Christensen, P.R., 2003. Spectroscopic identification of carbonate minerals in the martian dust. Science 301, 1084–1087.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Curran, S.P., Wu, X., Riedel, C.G., Ruvkun, G., 2009. A soma-to-germline transformation in long-lived Caenorhabditis elegans mutants. Nature 459, 1079–1084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoschette, J.A., 2010. The Engineer’s Career Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chakraborty, S., 2014. Computational Musicology in Hindustani Music, Computational Music Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Han, N.D., Huy, P.T., 2012. On Unambiguity of Languages Related to Codes, in: Park, J.J. (jong H., Leung, V.C.M., Wang, C.-L., Shon, T. (Eds.), Future Information Technology, Application, and Service: FutureTech 2012 Volume 2, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 31–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Clay Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. The Problem With Reinforced Concrete [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. ADP Acquisitions: Immigration and Naturalization Service Should Terminate Its Contract and Recompete (No. IMTEC-86-5). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lotrecchiano, G.R., 2012. Social Mechanisms of Team Science: A Descriptive Case Study Using a Multilevel Systems Perspective Employing Reciprocating Structuration Theory (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Yankees Ride Out Chapman’s Latest Turbulence and Rebuff the Mets Again. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gleick, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gleick, 2003; Nordborg and Weigel, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nordborg and Weigel, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Curran et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Clay Science
AbbreviationAppl. Clay Sci.
ISSN (print)0169-1317
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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