How to format your references using the Applied Clay Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Clay Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman, K.S., 2002. Cutbacks cost jobs at agricultural institute. Nature 415, 949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goodman, S., Kreeger, K., 2003. Getting organized. Nature 423, 98–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
Werner, S.C., Ody, A., Poulet, F., 2014. The source crater of martian shergottite meteorites. Science 343, 1343–1346.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sharpless, N.E., Bardeesy, N., Lee, K.H., Carrasco, D., Castrillon, D.H., Aguirre, A.J., Wu, E.A., Horner, J.W., DePinho, R.A., 2001. Loss of p16Ink4a with retention of p19Arf predisposes mice to tumorigenesis. Nature 413, 86–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Packard, A., 2010. Digital Media Law. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Yamanouchi, K., Becker, A., Li, R., Chin, S.L. (Eds.), 2009. Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science, Springer Series in Chemical Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Daneshvar, R., Shih, L., 2012. Virtual Spring-Based 3D Multi-Agent Group Coordination, in: Minai, A.A., Braha, D., Bar-Yam, Y. (Eds.), Unifying Themes in Complex Systems VII: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 36–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Clay Science.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Scientists Discover 20 Shark Pups In The First Tiger Shark Sonogram Ever [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Update of Economic Analysis of Impact Aid Program Reflecting the Educational Amendments of 1974 (No. HRD-78-132). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ly, L., 2017. Performance Appraisal in a Family Business (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pols, M., 2015. Down East Downers. New York Times BR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Goodman and Kreeger, 2003; Jayaraman, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goodman and Kreeger, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharpless et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Clay Science
AbbreviationAppl. Clay Sci.
ISSN (print)0169-1317
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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