How to format your references using the Journal of Current Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Current Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hendler J. Communication. Science and the semantic web. Science. 2003;299(5606):520-521.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Grey K, Calver CR. Ediacaran oxidation and biotic evolution. Nature. 2007;450(7170):E17; discussion E18.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Simpson AGB, MacQuarrie EK, Roger AJ. Eukaryotic evolution: early origin of canonical introns. Nature. 2002;419(6904):270.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mao D, Liu X, Sun Z, et al. Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zhang W, Wan M. Milling Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Müller J, Alt F, Michelis D, eds. Pervasive Advertising. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chaves IDG, López JRG, Zapata JLG, Robayo AL, Niño GR. Chemical Reactors. In: López JRG, García Zapata JL, Leguizamón Robayo A, Rodríguez Niño G, eds. Process Analysis and Simulation in Chemical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:195-240.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Current Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. This Ultrathin “Invisibility Cloak” Makes It Impossible To See Microscopic Objects. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs More Guidance on Decisions to Store Satellites. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Baudy AR. Efficacy of glucocorticoids in muscular dystrophy: Signaling, hormonal activities, and muscle inflammation. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dynarski S. The Power of a Simple Nudge. New York Times. January 17, 2015:BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Current Ophthalmology
AbbreviationJ. Curr. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)2452-2325
Scope

Other styles