How to format your references using the Journal of Current Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Current Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kappe CO. Journal club. A chemist muses on the technique of microwaving flowing chemical reactions. Nature. 2010;464(7290):817.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boller T, He SY. Innate immunity in plants: an arms race between pattern recognition receptors in plants and effectors in microbial pathogens. Science. 2009;324(5928):742-744.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loewe L, Textor V, Scherer S. High deleterious genomic mutation rate in stationary phase of Escherichia coli. Science. 2003;302(5650):1558-1560.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Block BA, Jonsen ID, Jorgensen SJ, et al. Tracking apex marine predator movements in a dynamic ocean. Nature. 2011;475(7354):86-90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steland A. Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Buckley JJ. Monte Carlo Methods in Fuzzy Optimization. Vol 222. (Jowers LJ, ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Shakarian P, Subrahmanian VS. Two Real-World Geospatial Abduction Applications. In: Subrahmanian VS, ed. Geospatial Abduction: Principles and Practice. New York, NY: Springer; 2011:147-165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Current Ophthalmology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Volcanic Eruptions Significantly Alter The Flow Of Rivers. IFLScience. Published October 7, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Agencies Must Act Quickly to Address Risks That Jeopardize the Continuity of Weather and Climate Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manzanares ME. Effect of a preoperative multidisciplinary education program on weight management after bariatric surgery. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Raise Doubts on Campaign Finance Law. New York Times. April 26, 2007:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Current Ophthalmology
AbbreviationJ. Curr. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)2452-2325

Other styles