How to format your references using the Journal of Current Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Current Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krupp N. New surprises in the largest magnetosphere of our solar system. Science. 2007;318(5848):216-217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sieberer T, Leyser O. Plant science. Auxin transport, but in which direction? Science. 2006;312(5775):858-860.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin X, Hull CM, Heitman J. Sexual reproduction between partners of the same mating type in Cryptococcus neoformans. Nature. 2005;434(7036):1017-1021.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Torres V, Ortuño R, Rodríguez-Ulibarri P, et al. Mid-infrared plasmonic inductors: enhancing inductance with meandering lines. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samuels S. Reading the American Novel 1780-1865. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Yonazi JJ, Sedoyeka E, Ariwa E, El-Qawasmeh E, eds. E-Technologies and Networks for Development: First International Conference, ICeND 2011, Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania, August 3-5, 2011. Proceedings. Vol 171. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang M, Song T, Yu S, Shen L. Local Variation Joint Representation for Face Recognition with Single Sample per Person. In: Zha H, Chen X, Wang L, Miao Q, eds. Computer Vision: CCF Chinese Conference, CCCV 2015, Xi’an, China, September 18-20, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer; 2015:41-50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Current Ophthalmology.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Will Happen When Antibiotics Stop Working? IFLScience. Published June 5, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Legislative and Regulatory Actions Needed To Deal With a Changing Domestic Telecommunications Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schloesser K. Improving services for persons with developmental disabilities through the utilization of person-centered thinking: A grant-writing project. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Village Wants Restaurant Wastewater Degreased. New York Times. June 3, 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Current Ophthalmology
AbbreviationJ. Curr. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)2452-2325

Other styles