How to format your references using the Journal of Current Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Current Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elvis M. Let’s mine asteroids--for science and profit. Nature. 2012;485(7400):549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domon B, Aebersold R. Mass spectrometry and protein analysis. Science. 2006;312(5771):212-217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson CH, Egli M, Stewart PL. Structural insights into a circadian oscillator. Science. 2008;322(5902):697-701.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu W-K, Liu X-F, Yao X-R, Wang C, Zhai Y, Zhai G-J. Complementary compressive imaging for the telescopic system. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minei I, Lucek J. MPLS-Enabled Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Sakas DE, Simpson BA, Krames ES, eds. Operative Neuromodulation: Volume 1: Functional Neuroprosthetic Surgery. An Introduction. Vol 97/1. Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Donnevert G, Uhlig S, Moser T. Ring Test Data Evaluation. In: Moser H, Römbke J, eds. Ecotoxicological Characterization of Waste: Results and Experiences of an International Ring Test. Springer; 2009:47-60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Current Ophthalmology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Astronomers Have Discovered A Pulsating White Dwarf. IFLScience. Published May 4, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of a Contract for Mobile Radio Sets for the Army. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aiken J. Virtually a leader: Mitigating process losses through shared team states. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alcindor Y. Trump Rallies White Crowd in Wisconsin for the Police. New York Times. August 17, 2016:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Current Ophthalmology
AbbreviationJ. Curr. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)2452-2325

Other styles