How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Darnell, Jennifer C. 2014. “Molecular Biology. Ribosome Rescue and Neurodegeneration.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6195): 378–379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanz, Javier, and Zahi A. Fayad. 2008. “Imaging of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease.” Nature 451 (7181): 953–957.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahlberg, Per Erik, Jennifer A. Clack, and Henning Blom. 2005. “The Axial Skeleton of the Devonian Tetrapod Ichthyostega.” Nature 437 (7055): 137–140.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Serwold, Thomas, Federico Gonzalez, Jennifer Kim, Richard Jacob, and Nilabh Shastri. 2002. “ERAAP Customizes Peptides for MHC Class I Molecules in the Endoplasmic Reticulum.” Nature 419 (6906): 480–483.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cliteur, Paul. 2010. The Secular Outlook. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Gertsbakh, Ilya. 2011. Network Reliability and Resilience. Edited by Yoseph Shpungin. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pereira, G., L. P. Mikkelsen, and M. McGugan. 2016. “Fibre Bragg Grating Sensor Signal Post-Processing Algorithm: Crack Growth Monitoring in Fibre Reinforced Plastic Structures.” In Photoptics 2015: Revised Selected Papers, edited by Paulo Ribeiro and Maria Raposo, 63–80. Springer Proceedings in Physics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Promising Rabies Treatment Cures Mice After Symptoms Appear.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Federal Rulemaking: Agencies’ Use of Information Technology to Facilitate Public Participation. GGD-00-135R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McDougal, Sean. 2013. “Military Town: Part One.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, Serge F., and Colin Moynihan. 2015. “Well Before Scandals, Cosby’s Wife Faulted Media Treatment of Blacks.” New York Times, January 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Darnell 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Darnell 2014; Sanz and Fayad 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanz and Fayad 2008)
  • Three authors: (Ahlberg, Clack, and Blom 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Serwold et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economy
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)1753-0350
ISSN (online)1753-0369
ScopeCultural Studies

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