How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klein, Richard G. 2003. “Paleoanthropology. Whither the Neanderthals?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5612): 1525–1527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Desai, Michael M., and Aleksandra M. Walczak. 2015. “Microbiology. Flexible Gene Pools.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6238): 977–978.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, Simon C., Peter S. Rabinovitch, and Matt Kaeberlein. 2013. “MTOR Is a Key Modulator of Ageing and Age-Related Disease.” Nature 493 (7432): 338–345.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zeissler, K., S. K. Walton, S. Ladak, D. E. Read, T. Tyliszczak, L. F. Cohen, and W. R. Branford. 2013. “The Non-Random Walk of Chiral Magnetic Charge Carriers in Artificial Spin Ice.” Scientific Reports 3 (February): 1252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter, Martin. 2014. From GSM to LTE-Advanced. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rannow, Sven, and Marco Neubert, eds. 2014. Managing Protected Areas in Central and Eastern Europe Under Climate Change. Vol. 58. Advances in Global Change Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Casas, Ignacio, Sergio F. Ochoa, and Jaime Puente. 2009. “Using Tablet PCs and Pen-Based Technologies to Support Engineering Education.” In Human-Computer Interaction. Interacting in Various Application Domains: 13th International Conference, HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009, Proceedings, Part IV, edited by Julie A. Jacko, 31–38. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economy.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Where Did All the Ammonites Go?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Status and Issues Pertaining to the Proposed Development of the Space Telescope Project. PSAD-77-98. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Christopher M. 2014. “Principals’ Understanding of Teacher Evaluations Connected to the Colorado Student Assessment Program.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, John F. 2017. “How Student Debt Is Snuffing Out Creative Sparks.” New York Times, January 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klein 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Klein 2003; Desai and Walczak 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Desai and Walczak 2015)
  • Three authors: (Johnson, Rabinovitch, and Kaeberlein 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zeissler et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economy
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)1753-0350
ISSN (online)1753-0369
ScopeCultural Studies

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