How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Network, The Cancer Genome Atlas Research. 2013. “Corrigendum: Comprehensive Genomic Characterization Defines Human Glioblastoma Genes and Core Pathways.” Nature 494 (7438): 506.
A journal article with 2 authors
Höfling, Sven, and Alexey Kavokin. 2014. “Solid-State Physics: A Historic Experiment Redesigned.” Nature 514 (7522): 313–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nussbaumer, Andrea D., Charles R. Fisher, and Monika Bright. 2006. “Horizontal Endosymbiont Transmission in Hydrothermal Vent Tubeworms.” Nature 441 (7091): 345–348.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rooker, Jay R., David H. Secor, Gregorio De Metrio, Ryan Schloesser, Barbara A. Block, and John D. Neilson. 2008. “Natal Homing and Connectivity in Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Populations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5902): 742–744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halpert, Ben. 2011. Auditing Cloud Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Childs, Lindsay N., ed. 2009. A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra. Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Friedman, Yaakov, and Tzvi Scarr. 2005. “The Classical Bounded Symmetric Domains.” In Physical Applications of Homogeneous Balls, edited by Tzvi Scarr, 153–193. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “5 Scary Effects Of Climate Change That Could Happen In Your Lifetime.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Advanced Imaging Technology: TSA Needs Additional Information before Procuring Next-Generation Systems. GAO-14-357. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, Amy. 2009. “The Mark of Gender: Depicting Power and the Female Body in Colonial Peru.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF. 2010. “A Cartoon Depiction of Real Iranian Life.” New York Times, February 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Network 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Network 2013; Höfling and Kavokin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Höfling and Kavokin 2014)
  • Three authors: (Nussbaumer, Fisher, and Bright 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rooker et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economy
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)1753-0350
ISSN (online)1753-0369
ScopeCultural Studies

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