How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, Michael. 2012. “Pregnancy: Delivery from Breast Cancer.” Nature 485 (7400): S54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, Stewart, and Douglas Coulter. 2013. “Neuroscience. Neuronal Birth to Cortical Circuitry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6136): 1058–1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholl, Jonathan A., Ai Leen Koh, and Jennifer A. Dionne. 2012. “Quantum Plasmon Resonances of Individual Metallic Nanoparticles.” Nature 483 (7390): 421–427.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ogata, Jun, Yoshiaki Kanno, Yoshio Itoh, Hidehito Tsugawa, and Masahiko Suzuki. 2005. “Plant Biochemistry: Anthocyanin Biosynthesis in Roses.” Nature 435 (7043): 757–758.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
bauforumstahl e.V. 2011. Beispiele Zur Bemessung von Stahltragwerken Nach DIN EN 1993 Eurocode 3. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Yu, Shui, and Song Guo, eds. 2016. Big Data Concepts, Theories, and Applications. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rangiha, Mohammad Ehson, Marco Comuzzi, and Bill Karakostas. 2015. “Role and Task Recommendation and Social Tagging to Enable Social Business Process Management.” In Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 16th International Conference, BPMDS 2015, 20th International Conference, EMMSAD 2015, Held at CAiSE 2015, Stockholm, Sweden, June 8-9, 2015, Proceedings, edited by Khaled Gaaloul, Rainer Schmidt, Selmin Nurcan, Sérgio Guerreiro, and Qin Ma, 68–82. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Stem Cell Therapy Allows Mice With MS-Like Condition To Walk Again.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Proposed Legislation to Fund and Establish a Nonprofit National Center for Long-Term Environmental Research. B-140579. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Douglas, Leah. 2014. “Thermogravimetric and Raman Investigations on the Mechanism of Decomposition of Lead Compounds on Tungsten Surfaces.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Robert. 1994. “‘Have One Hard Cry. Then Stanch the Grief.’” New York Times, July 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein 2012; Anderson and Coulter 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Coulter 2013)
  • Three authors: (Scholl, Koh, and Dionne 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ogata et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economy
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)1753-0350
ISSN (online)1753-0369
ScopeCultural Studies

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