How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Abeles FF. Mathematics: Logic and Lewis Carroll. Nature 2015;527:302–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gorkin DU, Ren B. Genetics: Closing the distance on obesity culprits. Nature 2014;507:309–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Balco G, Rovey CW 2nd, Stone JOH. The first glacial maximum in North America. Science 2005;307:222.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Pichlmair A, Schulz O, Tan CP, Näslund TI, Liljeström P, Weber F, et al. RIG-I-mediated antiviral responses to single-stranded RNA bearing 5’-phosphates. Science 2006;314:997–1001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Reinke P. Inorganic Nanostructures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Matthews R, editor. What is to Be Done About Crime and Punishment?: Towards a “Public Criminology.” London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Pinheiro PO, Lin T-Y, Collobert R, Dollár P. Learning to Refine Object Segments. In: Leibe B, Matas J, Sebe N, Welling M, editors. Computer Vision – ECCV 2016: 14th European Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 11–14, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Lion Learns To Open Car Doors. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/lion-learns-open-car-doors/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Meal Counting and Claiming by Food Service Management Companies in the School Meal Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yuan J. Membrane Protein Insertion in Bacteria by the YidC and Sec Pathway. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Card J. No Madonna. No Hanks. No Crying. New York Times 2017:SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Urology
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Urol.
ISSN (print)1477-5131
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Urology

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