How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barbier EB. Disaster Management. A global strategy for protecting vulnerable coastal populations. Science 2014;345:1250–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray J, King D. Climate policy: Oil’s tipping point has passed. Nature 2012;481:433–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Michel P, Benz W, Richardson DC. Disruption of fragmented parent bodies as the origin of asteroid families. Nature 2003;421:608–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Matthews JM, Kuschnig R, Guenther DB, Walker GAH, Moffat AFJ, Rucinski SM, et al. No stellar p-mode oscillations in space-based photometry of Procyon. Nature 2004;430:51–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marsh N. Forensic Photography. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Hamilton D. Blackboards and Bootstraps: Revisioning Education and Schooling. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Takeuchi W, Suzuki A, Ueno Y, Shiga T, Hirata K, Okamoto S, et al. Semiconductor Detector-Based Scanners for Nuclear Medicine. In: Kuge Y, Shiga T, Tamaki N, editors. Perspectives on Nuclear Medicine for Molecular Diagnosis and Integrated Therapy, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016, p. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Remind Me Again, How Can Companies Patent Breast Cancer Genes? IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: NASA’s Software Development Approach Increases Safety and Cost Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charoenphol D. Using robust statistical methodology to evaluate the performance of project delivery systems: A case study of horizontal construction. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Hint That They’ll Rule On Challenge Filed by Detainee. New York Times 2006:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Urology
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Urol.
ISSN (print)1477-5131
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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