How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gershon D. The economic impact of Silicon Valley’s immigrant entrepreneurs. Nature 2000;405:598.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wilhite AW, Fong EA. Scientific publications. Coercive citation in academic publishing. Science 2012;335:542–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Purdy TP, Peterson RW, Regal CA. Observation of radiation pressure shot noise on a macroscopic object. Science 2013;339:801–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Woudstra EC, Gilbert C, Fellows J, Jansen L, Brouwer J, Erdjument-Bromage H, et al. A Rad26-Def1 complex coordinates repair and RNA pol II proteolysis in response to DNA damage. Nature 2002;415:929–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dewulf G, Blanken A, Bult-Spiering M. Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Sturmey P. Pica in Individuals with Developmental Disabilities. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kitto K, Bruza P, Sitbon L. Generalising Unitary Time Evolution. In: Bruza P, Sofge D, Lawless W, Rijsbergen K van, Klusch M, editors. Quantum Interaction: Third International Symposium, QI 2009, Saarbrücken, Germany, March 25-27, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 17–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Human Brain Grown In A Lab Could Be Most Complete Yet. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues for Consideration in Developing an Intercity Passenger Rail Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kramer JA. Accurate Localization Given Uncertain Sensors. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M. PRESIDENT MOVES IN FAVOR OF LABOR. New York Times 1993:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Urology
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Urol.
ISSN (print)1477-5131
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Urology

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