How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Abbott A. Art imitating high-energy physics. Nature 2000;404:219.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rost S, Revenaugh J. Seismic detection of rigid zones at the top of the core. Science 2001;294:1911–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Stevens RC, Yokoyama S, Wilson IA. Global efforts in structural genomics. Science 2001;294:89–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Morris EJ, Ji J-Y, Yang F, Di Stefano L, Herr A, Moon N-S, et al. E2F1 represses beta-catenin transcription and is antagonized by both pRB and CDK8. Nature 2008;455:552–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Declerck P. Discrete Event Systems in Dioid Algebra and Conventional Algebra. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Sz.-Nagy B. Harmonic Analysis of Operators on Hilbert Space. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Moriarty J. Leaving The Blood in. In: Short NP, Turner L, Grant A, editors. Contemporary British Autoethnography, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013, p. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Biodegradable Plastics From Waste Methane. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/biodegradable-plastics-waste-methane/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Impact of the Grounding of the Shuttle Fleet. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
McCullough J. Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction. A retrospective study to determine if these factors are correlated in a clinical setting. A project report. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hollander S. Princeton’s Atkinson Won’t Let Injuries Stop Him. New York Times 2002:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Urology
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Urol.
ISSN (print)1477-5131
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Urology

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