How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Fuyuno I. Ancient foil maker wraps up mobile-phone market. Nature 2005;436:775.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Greenwood B, Owusu-Agyei S. Epidemiology. Malaria in the post-genome era. Science 2012;338:49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Silvarolla MB, Mazzafera P, Fazuoli LC. Plant biochemistry: a naturally decaffeinated arabica coffee. Nature 2004;429:826.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Leo N, Carolus V, White JS, Kenzelmann M, Hudl M, Tolédano P, et al. Magnetoelectric inversion of domain patterns. Nature 2018;560:466–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hitz B, Ewing JJ, Hecht J. Introduction to Laser Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Swenson ER, Bärtsch P, editors. High Altitude: Human Adaptation to Hypoxia. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Andrews S, Polovina S. A Mapping from Conceptual Graphs to Formal Concept Analysis. In: Andrews S, Polovina S, Hill R, Akhgar B, editors. Conceptual Structures for Discovering Knowledge: 19th International Conference on Conceptual Structures, ICCS 2011, Derby, UK, July 25-29, 2011. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Loss of Antarctic Ice Causing Gravity Dips. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Propane and Heating Oil: Federal Oversight of the Propane Education and Research Council and National Oilheat Research Alliance Should Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Archibald GA. Regionalizing competitive talent: An exploratory study of the role of human capital management in the context of economic integration and labor mobility. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Paulson M. Soho Rep to Return. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Urology
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Urol.
ISSN (print)1477-5131
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Urology

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