How to format your references using the Journal of Crystal Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Crystal Growth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Draaisma, The tracks of thought, Nature. 414 (2001) 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Han, D.G. Grier, Fluid dynamics: Vortex rings in a constant electric field, Nature. 424 (2003) 267–268.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.R. Weston, D.G. Lambright, R.J. Davis, Signal transduction. MAP kinase signaling specificity, Science. 296 (2002) 2345–2347.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Aoi, K. Yae, M. Nakagawa, T. Ichisaka, K. Okita, K. Takahashi, T. Chiba, S. Yamanaka, Generation of pluripotent stem cells from adult mouse liver and stomach cells, Science. 321 (2008) 699–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Murphy, Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
J.A. Rosado, ed., Calcium Entry Pathways in Non-excitable Cells, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Chahlaoui, P. Van Dooren, Model Reduction of Time-Varying Systems, in: P. Benner, D.C. Sorensen, V. Mehrmann (Eds.), Dimension Reduction of Large-Scale Systems: Proceedings of a Workshop Held in Oberwolfach, Germany, October 19–25, 2003, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 131–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Crystal Growth.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The Secret Life of Native Bees, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: TSA’s Change to Its Prohibited Items List Has Not Resulted in Any Reported Security Incidents, but the Impact of the Change on Screening Operations Is Inconclusive, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.I. Kehoe, Tobacco control: A qualitative assessment of the perceptions and practices of nurse practitioners, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, Where Presidential Aspirations Are Finally Laid to Rest, New York Times. (2016) C17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Crystal Growth
AbbreviationJ. Cryst. Growth
ISSN (print)0022-0248
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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