How to format your references using the Journal of Crystal Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Crystal Growth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Bray, Molecular networks: the top-down view, Science. 301 (2003) 1864–1865.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.-C. Lin, P.E. van Keken, Multiple volcanic episodes of flood basalts caused by thermochemical mantle plumes, Nature. 436 (2005) 250–252.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Kohguchi, T. Suzuki, M.H. Alexander, Fully state-resolved differential cross sections for the inelastic scattering of the open-shell NO molecule by Ar, Science. 294 (2001) 832–834.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. DiToro, C.J. Winstead, D. Pham, S. Witte, R. Andargachew, J.R. Singer, C.G. Wilson, C.L. Zindl, R.J. Luther, D.J. Silberger, B.T. Weaver, E.M. Kolawole, R.J. Martinez, H. Turner, R.D. Hatton, J.J. Moon, S.S. Way, B.D. Evavold, C.T. Weaver, Differential IL-2 expression defines developmental fates of follicular versus nonfollicular helper T cells, Science. 361 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.R. Moskowitz, A.M. Muñoz, M.C. Gacula Jr., Viewpoints and Controversies in Sensory Science and Consumer Product Testing, Food & Nutrition Press, Inc., Trumbull, Connecticut, USA, 2008.
An edited book
N. Mastorakis, V. Mladenov, eds., Computational Problems in Engineering, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
D.J. Pagliari, M. Poncino, E. Macii, Energy-Efficient Digital Processing via Approximate Computing, in: N. Bombieri, M. Poncino, G. Pravadelli (Eds.), Smart Systems Integration and Simulation, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 55–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Crystal Growth.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientists Develop A Way To Visualise The Brain In Real-Time, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Elementary School Children: Many Change Schools Frequently, Harming Their Education, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Roy Chowdhury, Tracking Carbon Flow during Methane Oxidation into Methanotrophs Using 13C-PLFA Labeling in Pulsing Freshwater Wetlands, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Deal Is Said to Be Close in Detroit’s Bankruptcy, New York Times. (2014) A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Crystal Growth
AbbreviationJ. Cryst. Growth
ISSN (print)0022-0248
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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