How to format your references using the Journal of Crystal Growth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Crystal Growth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.J. Kubas, Chemistry. Breaking the H2 marriage and reuniting the couple, Science. 314 (2006) 1096–1097.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Sonenberg, A. Pause, Signal transduction. Protein synthesis and oncogenesis meet again, Science. 314 (2006) 428–429.
A journal article with 3 authors
K.D. Kavanagh, A.R. Evans, J. Jernvall, Predicting evolutionary patterns of mammalian teeth from development, Nature. 449 (2007) 427–432.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Kim, S.C. Lim, S.J. Chae, I. Maeng, Y. Choi, S. Cha, Y.H. Lee, H. Choi, Ultrafast zero balance of the oscillator-strength sum rule in graphene, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T.C. Jepsen, Distributed Storage Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, West Sussex, England, 2003.
An edited book
J. McAleer, C. Petley, eds., The Royal Navy and the British Atlantic World, c. 1750–1820, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Formenti, K. Imai, B. Martin, J.-B. Yunès, Advances on Random Sequence Generation by Uniform Cellular Automata, in: C.S. Calude, R. Freivalds, I. Kazuo (Eds.), Computing with New Resources: Essays Dedicated to Jozef Gruska on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 56–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Crystal Growth.

Blog post
R. Andrews, California Just Signed A New Climate Change Agreement With China, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Could Limit Identification of Similar Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.L. Sammons, Perceived benefits of and barriers to physical exercise in people with severe mental illness, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
P. Sehgal, McPhee on McPhee: A Master’s Valedictory Lap, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Crystal Growth
AbbreviationJ. Cryst. Growth
ISSN (print)0022-0248
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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