How to format your references using the Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Musacchio A. Molecular biology. Surfing chromosomes (and Survivin). Science. 2010;330:183–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yan J, Aldrich RW. LRRC26 auxiliary protein allows BK channel activation at resting voltage without calcium. Nature. 2010;466:513–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gregg JW, Jones CG, Dawson TE. Urbanization effects on tree growth in the vicinity of New York City. Nature. 2003;424:183–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Duewell P, Kono H, Rayner KJ, Sirois CM, Vladimer G, Bauernfeind FG, et al. NLRP3 inflammasomes are required for atherogenesis and activated by cholesterol crystals. Nature. 2010;464:1357–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schwedt G. Experimente rund um die Kunststoffe des Alltags. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1. Mejía G, Velasco N, editors. Production Systems and Supply Chain Management in Emerging Countries: Best Practices: Selected papers from the International Conference on Production Research (ICPR). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Serapião ABS, Mendes JRP, Miura K. Artificial Immune Systems for Classification of Petroleum Well Drilling Operations. In: Castro LN de, Zuben FJV, Knidel H, editors. Artificial Immune Systems: 6th International Conference, ICARIS 2007, Santos, Brazil, August 26-29, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientist Proposes That Black Holes are Harmless Holograms [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/black-holes-might-be-harmless/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Goals 2000: Flexible Funding Supports State and Local Education Reform. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Nov. Report No.: HEHS-99-10.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Thiss PJ. Effects of dedicated academic support services on the persistence rates of California Community College student-athletes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Latimer M. How to Get Trump to Withdraw. New York Times. 2016 Aug 8;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
AbbreviationClin. Rev. Bone Miner. Metab.
ISSN (print)1534-8644
ISSN (online)1559-0119
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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