How to format your references using the Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Goulson D. Ecology: Pesticides linked to bird declines. Nature. 2014;511:295–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ciesla FJ, Sandford SA. Organic synthesis via irradiation and warming of ice grains in the solar nebula. Science. 2012;336:452–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kim H, Chen J, Yu X. Ubiquitin-binding protein RAP80 mediates BRCA1-dependent DNA damage response. Science. 2007;316:1202–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Marchis F, Descamps P, Hestroffer D, Berthier J. Discovery of the triple asteroidal system 87 Sylvia. Nature. 2005;436:822–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schwartz RA, Carew MG, Maksimenko T. Micro Markets Workbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Janjuha-Jivraj S. Championing Women Leaders: Beyond Sponsorship. Chisholm K, editor. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Łodygowski T. Selected Constitutive Relations in Practical Computations. In: Klepaczko JR, Łodygowski T, editors. Advances in Constitutive Relations Applied in Computer Codes. Vienna: Springer; 2009. p. 261–314.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Water Found On One Of The First Exoplanets We Ever Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/water-found-on-one-of-the-first-exoplanets-we-ever-discovered/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Linking Test Facilities Can Help Leverage Resources and Improve Technology Transfer Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Nov. Report No.: GAO-12-187T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Meyer-Barrett JM. Exercising Their Privilege to Borrow: A Demonstrated Understanding of the Obligation of Student Loans in a Community College [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Cubs Pull Even as the Indians’ Play Proves Sloppier Than the Weather. New York Times. 2016 Oct 27;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
AbbreviationClin. Rev. Bone Miner. Metab.
ISSN (print)1534-8644
ISSN (online)1559-0119
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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