How to format your references using the Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. van Nimwegen E. Epidemiology. Influenza escapes immunity along neutral networks. Science. 2006;314:1884–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang T, Overgaard J. Ecology. The heartbreak of adapting to global warming. Science. 2007;315:49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhao M, Kong L, Qu H. A systems biology approach to identify intelligence quotient score-related genomic regions, and pathways relevant to potential therapeutic treatments. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4176.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ma Y, Eremets M, Oganov AR, Xie Y, Trojan I, Medvedev S, et al. Transparent dense sodium. Nature. 2009;458:182–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pohanish RP. HazMat Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Das D, editor. Algal Biorefinery: An Integrated Approach. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bijay P, Filho WL, Schulte V. Understanding the Links Between Climate Change and Disaster Management in Pacific Island Countries. In: Leal Filho W, editor. Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 55–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Here Are The Areas In The Us Most Likely To Be Struck In A Nuclear Attack By Russia. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Composite Health Care System: Outpatient Capability Is Nearly Ready for Worldwide Deployment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Dec. Report No.: IMTEC-93-11.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Anisko JJ. Selling Mexico’s vistas: A visual discourse analysis of promotional materials of Loreto Bay, Mexico [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. A County In Alabama Puts Off Bankruptcy. New York Times. 2011 Aug 13;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
AbbreviationClin. Rev. Bone Miner. Metab.
ISSN (print)1534-8644
ISSN (online)1559-0119
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles