How to format your references using the Journal of Critical Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Critical Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Thomas C. Cardiovascular biology. Nature 2011;473:297.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
McCormick C, Ganem D. The kaposin B protein of KSHV activates the p38/MK2 pathway and stabilizes cytokine mRNAs. Science 2005;307:739–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Gonzales EB, Kawate T, Gouaux E. Pore architecture and ion sites in acid-sensing ion channels and P2X receptors. Nature 2009;460:599–604.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sano N, Wang H, Chhowalla M, Alexandrou I, Amaratunga GA. Synthesis of carbon “onions” in water. Nature 2001;414:506–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Windom CA Sr, Gaidhani H, Fontana A. Virtualizing. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Benlamri R, editor. Networked Digital Technologies: 4th International Conference, NDT 2012, Dubai, UAE, April 24-26, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. vol. 294. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Williams K. The Importance of Concepts for Science. In: Williams K, editor. Crossroads: History of Science, History of Art: Essays by David Speiser, vol. II, Basel: Springer; 2011, p. 53–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Critical Care.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Would You get Married in a Church Made From Living Trees? IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/would-you-get-married-living-green-church/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: DHS and TSA Have Researched, Developed, and Begun Deploying Passenger Checkpoint Screening Technologies, but Continue to Face Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gu P. Advanced Nonlinear Control and Estimation Methods for AC Power Generation Systems. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Stewart JB. Why a Merger of Media Firms That Should Be a Sure Bet Isn’t. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Critical Care
AbbreviationJ. Crit. Care
ISSN (print)0883-9441
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Other styles