How to format your references using the Journal of Critical Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Critical Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Wilkinson DM. Let’s get the right man in the right job. Nature 2000;406:933.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Holmes KV, Enjuanes L. Virology. The SARS coronavirus: a postgenomic era. Science 2003;300:1377–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rikkinen J, Oksanen I, Lohtander K. Lichen guilds share related cyanobacterial symbionts. Science 2002;297:357.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Rhee H, June Y-G, Lee J-S, Lee K-K, Ha J-H, Kim ZH, et al. Femtosecond characterization of vibrational optical activity of chiral molecules. Nature 2009;458:310–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pérez A. Mobile Networks Architecture. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Gayar NE, Schwenker F, Suen C, editors. Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition: 6th IAPR TC 3 International Workshop, ANNPR 2014, Montreal, QC, Canada, October 6-8, 2014. Proceedings. vol. 8774. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Yahalom R, Shmueli E, Zrihen T. Constrained Anonymization of Production Data: A Constraint Satisfaction Problem Approach. In: Jonker W, Petković M, editors. Secure Data Management: 7th VLDB Workshop, SDM 2010, Singapore, September 17, 2010. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Critical Care.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. What does space sound like? IFLScience 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-does-space-sound/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Energy and Science Reports and Testimony: 1992. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Hoover JH. The Arizona water-energy nexus: Electricity for water and wastewater services. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Parker J. Dear Diary (Volume 1 of 148). New York Times 2016:BR23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Critical Care
AbbreviationJ. Crit. Care
ISSN (print)0883-9441
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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