How to format your references using the Cytotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Makous W (2007) Comment on “Emergence of novel color vision in mice engineered to express a human cone photopigment.” Science 318:196; author reply 196
A journal article with 2 authors
Waterhouse PM, Hellens RP (2015) Plant biology: Coding in non-coding RNAs. Nature 520:41–42
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee R, Mason A, members of the NTA Network (2014) Is low fertility really a problem? Population aging, dependency, and consumption. Science 346:229–234
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Klass K-D, Zompro O, Kristensen NP, Adis J (2002) Mantophasmatodea: a new insect order with extant members in the Afrotropics. Science 296:1456–1459

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach J (2010) Excel® VBA Programming For Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Luderer B (2005) Mathematical Formulas for Economists, Second Edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Miao J (2013) An ERP Study of Semantic Anomalies in Second Language Processing. In: Liu D, Alippi C, Zhao D, Hussain A (eds) Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems: 6th International Conference, BICS 2013, Beijing, China, June 9-11, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 38–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytotechnology.

Blog post
Evans K (2016) 7 Weird Dog Behaviors And What They Mean. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/7-weird-dog-behaviors-and-what-they-mean/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Federal Research: NIH and EPA Need to Improve Conflict of Interest Reviews for Research Arrangements with Private Sector Entities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solari S (2009) A unified anatomical theory and computational model of cognitive information processing in the mammalian brain and the introduction of DNA reco codes. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith M, Fortin J (2017) Kansas Governor to Be Nominated as Ambassador. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Makous 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Makous 2007; Waterhouse and Hellens 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waterhouse and Hellens 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Klass et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCytotechnology
AbbreviationCytotechnology
ISSN (print)0920-9069
ISSN (online)1573-0778
ScopeBiotechnology
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering

Other styles