How to format your references using the Cytotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunten DM (2001) Planetary science. Clues to the Martian atmosphere. Science 294:1843–1844
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz DM, Yoon TP (2014) Solar synthesis: prospects in visible light photocatalysis. Science 343:1239176
A journal article with 3 authors
Mullen KT, Kim YJ, Gheiratmand M (2014) Contrast normalization in colour vision: the effect of luminance contrast on colour contrast detection. Sci Rep 4:7350
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wend S, Dal Bosco C, Kämpf MM, et al (2013) A quantitative ratiometric sensor for time-resolved analysis of auxin dynamics. Sci Rep 3:2052

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saadoun AP (2012) Esthetic Soft Tissue Management of Teeth and Implants. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Saeed K, Snášel V (eds) (2014) Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 13th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2014, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 5-7, 2014. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hernesniemi J, Ishii K, Niemelä M, et al (2005) Lateral supraorbital approach as an alternative to the classical pterional approach. In: Yonekawa Y, Keller E, Sakurai Y, Tsukahara T (eds) New Trends of Surgery for Stroke and its Perioperative Management. Springer, Vienna, pp 17–21

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Watch this Robot Jump like a Frog. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Federal Research: Interim Report on the Small Business Innovation Research Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Snyder QZ (2010) From anarchy to confederacy: A theory of international politics. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) From 1687, Early Sounds in All Their Vibrancy. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunten 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hunten 2001; Schultz and Yoon 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schultz and Yoon 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wend et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCytotechnology
ISSN (print)0920-9069
ISSN (online)1573-0778
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Biomedical Engineering

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