How to format your references using the Cytotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sterman JD (2008) Economics. Risk communication on climate: mental models and mass balance. Science 322:532–533
A journal article with 2 authors
Wapenaar K, Snieder R (2007) Determinism: Chaos tamed. Nature 447:643
A journal article with 3 authors
Simpson AGB, MacQuarrie EK, Roger AJ (2002) Eukaryotic evolution: early origin of canonical introns. Nature 419:270
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bouchard L-S, Burt SR, Anwar MS, et al (2008) NMR imaging of catalytic hydrogenation in microreactors with the use of para-hydrogen. Science 319:442–445

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sestina JE (2016) Planning a Successful Future. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hinchey MG, Rash JL, Truszkowski WF, Rouff CA (eds) (2005) Formal Approaches to Agent-Based Systems: Third International Workshop, FAABS 2004, Greenbelt, MD, April 26-27, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pan I, Das S (2013) Fractional Order Controller Tuning Using Swarm and Evolutionary Algorithms. In: Das S (ed) Intelligent Fractional Order Systems and Control: An Introduction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 87–131

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Parents’ Views on Vaccines are Changing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Information on the National School Safety Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rabalais ME (2014) STEAM: A National Study of the Integration of the Arts Into STEM Instruction and its Impact on Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2015) Opening Night for ‘Arsenic and Old Lace.’ New York Times C28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sterman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Wapenaar and Snieder 2007; Sterman 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wapenaar and Snieder 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Bouchard et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCytotechnology
ISSN (print)0920-9069
ISSN (online)1573-0778
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Biomedical Engineering

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