How to format your references using the Cytotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2007) A place in the sun. Nature 446:124–125
A journal article with 2 authors
Dulcis D, Spitzer NC (2008) Illumination controls differentiation of dopamine neurons regulating behaviour. Nature 456:195–201
A journal article with 3 authors
MacMicking JD, Taylor GA, McKinney JD (2003) Immune control of tuberculosis by IFN-gamma-inducible LRG-47. Science 302:654–659
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Haffner C, Chelladurai D, Fedoryshyn Y, et al (2018) Low-loss plasmon-assisted electro-optic modulator. Nature 556:483–486

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman NP (2012) Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Barton K (2013) Medical Management of Glaucoma. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley
A chapter in an edited book
Edwards PG (2005) An Examination of Candidate AGN Counterparts to Unidentified EGRET Sources. In: Cheng KS, Romero GE (eds) Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma-Ray Sources: A Second Workshop on the Nature of the High-Energy Unidentified Sources. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 31–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytotechnology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) How The Snake Got Its Extra-Long Body. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) FAA Computer Security: Concerns Remain Due to Personnel and Other Continuing Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenhall JA (2008) Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wakabayashi D, Qiu L (2017) Google Serves Fake News Ads On Fact-Check Sites (Really). New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2007; Dulcis and Spitzer 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dulcis and Spitzer 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Haffner et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCytotechnology
ISSN (print)0920-9069
ISSN (online)1573-0778
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Biomedical Engineering

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