How to format your references using the Cytotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Thinking big. Nature 428:873
A journal article with 2 authors
Shizuka D, Lyon BE (2010) Coots use hatch order to learn to recognize and reject conspecific brood parasitic chicks. Nature 463:223–226
A journal article with 3 authors
Griffin BM, Schott J, Schink B (2007) Nitrite, an electron donor for anoxygenic photosynthesis. Science 316:1870
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tu DC, Batten ML, Palczewski K, Van Gelder RN (2004) Nonvisual photoreception in the chick iris. Science 306:129–131

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Andrea A, Sjogren J (2013) Veterinary Technician’s Large Animal Daily Reference Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Coleman PT (2015) Morton Deutsch: A Pioneer in Developing Peace Psychology. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Oliveira JM, Carrapatoso EM (2010) Evaluating the Adaptation of Multimedia Services Using a Constraints-Based Approach. In: Jiang X, Ma MY, Chen CW (eds) Mobile Multimedia Processing: Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 70–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Eight Hours Is Enough – More Sleep Could Lead To An Early Grave. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) School Lunch Program: Role and Impacts of Private Food Service Companies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ochse AR (2013) Targeted Killing, Drones and International Law: How U.S. Practice is Shaping International Law. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Leyland Needs No Advice. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Shizuka and Lyon 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shizuka and Lyon 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Tu et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCytotechnology
ISSN (print)0920-9069
ISSN (online)1573-0778
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Biomedical Engineering

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